questions one and two-1

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our global perspectives group project

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What are the different types of prisons in different countries? :

What are the different types of prisons in different countries? IVY Do prison sentences reduce criminals’ willingness to commit crimes again? AND

Different types in different countries.:

Different types in different countries. Prisons are extremely different from each other depending on the wealth , economic status and severity of law of the country they are situated in and governed by. The easiest way to understand this difference is to compare prisons in two countries that are practically polar opposites of each other.

China (zhong guo):

China ( zhong guo ) generally worse than most countries Foreign nationals are likely to be held in one of the better prisons, and away from the Chinese prisoners within the country, prison conditions vary between prisons.

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cells are freezing cold in the winter and extremely hot in the summer there is no heating or air- conditioning In some prisons there are 2 prisoners per cell while in others there are cells full of prisoners sleeping on the floor with as little floor space as 1 sq. m. per prisoner. The lights are on 24 hours a day.

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in some prisons, the prisoners are required to stay silent for most of the day.

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Prisoners are provided with 3 meals a day A dditional food and cigarettes can be bought at prison stores for ridiculously expensive prices . Prisoners are not allowed to use telephones. They don’t have hot showers and the cold ones have a very weak flow of water not even enough for washing clothes. Prisoners are required to supply their own basic needs like bedding, towels etc. but are provided with free healthcare. Prisoners can be visited up to 2 times a month, 30 minutes maximum each stay. Most prisons have a compulsory education scheme that gives them 2 hours of education per day in different subjects.

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NOW LETS LOOK AT ANOTHER PART OF THE WORLD :D … S weden. Unlike the Chinese prison system, the Swedish prison system is one of the best and most comfortable in the world. 30% of the prison population in Sweden are foreigners.

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One or two prisoners generally share a cell and there are beds, chairs or sofas, bathroom, TVs and sometimes kitchenettes. They have heating and air conditioning whenever needed. Prisoners are supplied with all basic amenities like hot showers, towels etc. All prisons have education systems and prisoners are given a wide range of subjects from different difficulty levels to choose from. After 1/3 rd of a prisoner’s sentence has been completed, he/she may be allowed out on unmonitored parole for 3 days, regularly, to meet family etc. prisoners are allowed to use telephones.

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Prisoners are provided with food 3 times a day and the prison stores sell food at low prices while snacks are available at all times. Most prisons have gyms, recording studios and other recreational facilities. Prisoners are obliged to do some kind of work like kitchen duties etc. and can earn about 6 Euros an hour . Some jobs include manufacturing products that are then sold to retailers. Most prisons have leisure activities like billiards , darts, table tennis etc.

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Clearly, there is a remarkable difference between the prisons conditions around the world. Some are harsh and some are lenient. Whichever method we chose, does it actually work ?

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Do prison sentences reduce criminals’ willingness to commit crimes again ?

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Measuring re-offending is complex since each prisoner needs to be checked against official records, which may be paper form or recorded electronically. Since not all crimes are recorded on all systems in a country, some reoffenders will go unnoticed and it is automatically assumed it is their first crime.

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These facts and figures are taken from proven re-offending statistics of England and Wales from April 2010 to March 2011.

Facts :D:

Facts :D Between April 2010 and March 2011 around 640,000 prisoners were cautioned, convicted or released. Approximately a 170,000 of these prisoners committed a proven re-offence within a year. This gives a proven reoffending rate of 26.8% each year, which is a 0.5% rise from the previous 12 months. These reoffenders committed 2.88 crimes per person on average, proving around 500,000 crimes, of which 82% were adults and 18% juveniles. Out of these re-offenses, 55.9% were committed by re-offenders with 11 or more previous recorded offenses. Juveniles had the highest rate of re-offending at 36.7% at the age of 15-17. After this age, the re-offending rates fall.

How do we explain this?:

How do we explain this? One of the theories to explain this is that younger offenders have the false confidence that they won’t be caught if they commit a crime again, as they get older they realise that this is not correct.

Are longer sentences more useful than shorter ones?:

Are longer sentences more useful than shorter ones? It has been statistically proven that prisoners with shorter prison sentences have a larger chance of re-offending than prisoners with shorter sentences . HOWEVER A research conducted by the Ministry of Justice (England and Wales) shows that ‘The results show that those who had been on community sentences, including unpaid work and probation, in 2008 had a reoffending rate of 51%, compared with 59% for those on prison sentences of less than 12 months. ’

Explain this?:

Explain this? This might be because during longer prison sentences, prisoners realise that it is not worth coming back to prison by committing another crime in the hope of not getting caught but prisoners on community service or unpaid work and shorter sentences don’t realise this.

OVERALL:

OVERALL R eoffending has been steadily reducing since 2000 as shown in the table below, which illustrates the reoffending rates of different categories of people, between 2000 and 2009.

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OUR TAKE Considering all this information, we conclude, using factual analysis, prison sentences do reduce prisoners’ willingness to commit crimes. The main piece of evidence to show this is that only 26.8% of prisoners reoffended and the other 73.2% did not commit a crime for a year and probably more. This shows that it reduces willingness to commit crimes in most prisoners, and this works better with longer prison sentences.

CREDITS :

CREDITS Most information compiled by the late, ‘ Anurag Kadiyala ’ Put together with with pictures as a PPT by ME (ivy) Most of the talking done by Y an Z ino :D Websites used: http://www.prisontalk.com/forums/showthread.php?t=176426 http://www.internationalpenalandpenitentiaryfoundation.org/Site/documents/Stavern/29_Stavern_Report% 20Sweden.pdf http://www.justice.gov.uk/downloads/statistics/reoffending/proven-reoffending-apr10-mar11.pdf http://www.justice.gov.uk/images/proven-reoffending.jpg http://www.guardian.co.uk/society/2011/may/10/reoffending-rates-short-jail- terms http:/ /www.cn.bing.com / images