The Exxon Valdez

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The Exxon Valdez : 

The Exxon Valdez Presenter: Hoangyen Pham

Exxon Valdez Oil Spill : 

Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Oil tanker ran aground on Bligh Reef in Alaska’s Prince William Sound on March 24, 1989 11 million gallons of crude oil spilled Impact over 1,100 miles of coastline in Alaska

Whose Fault was the Oil Spill? : 

Whose Fault was the Oil Spill? Exxon Valdez Crew Members’ Actions Gregory Cousins, third mate Joseph Hazelwood, captain Vessel had departed from normal shipping lanes

Whose Fault was the Oil Spill? (cont.) : 

Whose Fault was the Oil Spill? (cont.) The Coast Guard’s Inefficiencies Failed to provide an effective vessel traffic system Reduced use of specially trained harbor pilots Rules were not enforced

Alyeska Pipeline Service Company : 

Alyeska Pipeline Service Company Contingency Plan Reach stricken vessel within 5.5 hours Recover half of 200,000 barrel spill within 72 hours Valdez Spill Cleanup Reached Valdez 12 hours after accident Recovered 3,000 barrels of oil in 3 days

Countermeasures and Mitigation : 

Countermeasures and Mitigation Interagency team effort Exxon responsible for cleaning up the oil Federal agencies providing scientific advice U.S. Coast Guard and Alaska’s Department of Environmental Conservation

Countermeasures and Mitigation (cont.) : 

Countermeasures and Mitigation (cont.) Issues with Interagency Team Effort Indecision Struggle over authority Different and conflicting expectations

Countermeasures and Mitigation (cont.) : 

Countermeasures and Mitigation (cont.) Example: Use of dispersants

Effects of Valdez Oil Spill : 

Effects of Valdez Oil Spill Exxon Cost of cleanup was $2 billion in 1989 plus additional $200 million in 1990 150 civil lawsuits estimated to settle for $1.2 billion The Valdez Principles Appoint outside environmentalists to the board of directors

Effects of Valdez Oil Spill (cont.) : 

Effects of Valdez Oil Spill (cont.) Environmental Thousands of animals died as direct result Estimated 26,000 gallons of oil remain in shoreline in 2007 Arctic habitats will take approximately 30 years to recover

Effects of Valdez Oil Spill (cont.) : 

Effects of Valdez Oil Spill (cont.) Regulations and Legislations Oil Pollution Act of 1990 Changes implemented by the Coast Guard Changes implemented by oil companies

Corporate Social Responsibility : 

Corporate Social Responsibility In the Past Made a profit Provided jobs Donation policy In the Present Impact favorably on its stakeholders Disclose those impacts and strategies that give rise to the impacts

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