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A Presentation on the Growth of Telecom Sector in India and Challenges ahead:

A Presentation on the Growth of Telecom Sector in India and Challenges ahead Presented By: Kuldeep Goyal CMD Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd .


Contents Global Telecom Scenario Growth of Telecom in India Role of BSNL Role Of TRAI and TDSAT Opportunities & Challenges

Global Telecom Scenario:

Global Telecom Scenario

PowerPoint Presentation:

Mobile. 2699.270 M Fixed.1229.987 M Total. 3929.257 M Population 6563.69 M Teledensity. 60.02

Countries with more than 100% Teledensity:

Countries with more than 100% Teledensity Africa – Seychelles Americas – Argentina, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Canada, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, United States of America Asia- Japan, Korea (Rep.), Qatar, Singapore, Taiwan,UAE Europe- Andorra, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Greenland, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxemburg, Malta, Monaco, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Russia, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom Oceania- Australia, New Zealand

Mobile Tariffs in India one of the Lowest:

Mobile Tariffs in India one of the Lowest USD

Growth of Telecom in India:

Growth of Telecom in India

PowerPoint Presentation:

1994 National Telecom Policy – 1994 announced Aug 1995 Kolkata became the first metro to have a cellular network 1997 Telecom Regulatory Authority of India was setup 1999 Tariff rebalancing exercises gets initiated March 1999 National Telecom Policy – 99 announced Growth of Telecom in India

PowerPoint Presentation:

Aug 1999 License fee (revenue share) reduced from provisional 15% to 12%, 10% & 8% on Circle wise basis (A type, B type & C type circles) 2000 TRAI Act amended & separate tribunal proposed Jan 2001 TDSAT started functioning Jan 2001 Policy announced for additional licenses in Basic and Mobile Services Jan 2001 Limited mobility allowed to Basic Services (CDMA spectrum allotted to Basic Service Operators) Growth of Telecom in India

PowerPoint Presentation:

Oct-2002 BSNL entered in to GSM cellular operation w.e.f 19th October, 2002. Made incoming call free & initiated tariff equalization process Tariff for GSM cellular mobiles reduced Nov 2003 Unified Access (Basic & Cellular) Service License (USAL) introduced as a first step towards Unified License Regime Technology neutral and allows provisioning any kind of service Apr 2004 License fee reduced by 2% across the board for all the access licenses. Growth of Telecom in India

Teledensity-Rural & Urban:

Teledensity-Rural & Urban

Mobile Services : Fuelling the growth:

Mobile Services : Fuelling the growth Total telephone connections as on November 2006: 183.46 million November 2007: 264.77 million

Subscribers (in millions):

Subscribers (in millions) Year Fixed line including WLL(F) Mobile (GSM+WLL(M) Total Tele density March-97 14.54 0.34 14.8 1.57 March-00 26.65 1.9 28.55 2.81 March-01 32.71 3.58 36.29 3.52 March-02 38.33 6.54 44.87 4.28 March-03 41.48 13 54.48 5.1 March-04 42.84 33.69 76.53 7.04 March-05 46.19 52.22 98.41 9.11 March-06 50.18 90.14 140.32 12.8 March-07 48.87 157.96 206.83 18.46 Dec. 2007 43.3 226 269.3 24.04

Exponential Growth:

Exponential Growth

Role of Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited:

Role of Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited

Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited Company Profile (as on 31.12.2007):

Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited Company Profile (as on 31.12.2007) Corporatized on 1 st October 2000 Connects length and breadth of INDIA except Delhi & Mumbai 37516 Digital Exchanges with 29051 exchanges in rural areas on reliable media.

Services Offered:

Services Offered BSNL is an Integrated telecom service provider which provides all types of telecom services. Wire Line Services CDMA WLL Limited Mobility Services National Long Distance Services International Long Distance Services Broadband & Internet Services IN Services viz. Prepaid calling card etc.

Telephone connection provided by BSNL:

Telephone connection provided by BSNL Year Fixed Mobile Total 31.03.2001 28.11 0 28.11 31.03.2002 33.4 0.02 33.42 31.03.2003 35.93 2.26 38.19 31.03.2004 36.11 5.54 41.65 31.03.2005 37.04 9.9 46.93 31.03.2006 37.51 17.65 55.16 31.03.2007 36.92 27.8 64.72 31.12.2007 35.6 33 68.6 (in Million)

Present Status (as on 31.12.2007):

Present Status (as on 31.12.2007) Customer Base in million Wireline Customers : 31.72 WLL Customers : 4.09 GSM Customers : 32.71 Total Customers : 68.51 Broadband customers : 1.45 Internet Customers : 3.35

Present Status (Contd…):

Present Status (Contd…) Village Public Telephones (VPTs) : 5.18 Lakh Largest Transmission Network in the Country OFC Network : 5.29 Lakh RKMs M/W Network : 0.50 Lakh RKMs Satellite Earth Stations : 217 Numbers Internet Nodes operational at all District Headquarters. All wiredline connections enabled for Dial-up Internet Services.

Financial Achievement (Last 3 Years):

Financial Achievement (Last 3 Years) S. # Parameter 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 1 Total Income 36090 40177 39517 2 Gross Profit 6183 8954 8933 3 Net Profit 10183 8940 7806 4 Sundry Debtors 3632 3455 3206 5 Capital Expenditure 10476 8892 8142 6 Net Fixed Assets 61769 60188 57934 7 EPS 15.75 15.3 13.95 (In Rupees Crore)

BSNL’s Milestones:

BSNL’s Milestones Set up on 1st October,2000 Introduced cellular services on 19th October,2002 and has 32.7 million customers as on date Became market leader within 6 months, in its areas of operation Introduced limited mobility WLL services w.e.f. December 2000, and has 4 million customers as on date Introduced dial up internet facility w.e.f. December 2000 Introduced CLI based internet facility w.e.f. December 2003 3.35 million Internet Customers with BSNL Introduced Broadband in the country w.e.f. 14.11.2005 and has 1.45 million customers

New Initiatives:

New Initiatives WiMAX: Tender Invited for 1000 BTS at Rural Block HQs covering 25000 village communities centres IPTV Launched in Three Cities viz. Bangalore, Pune & Kolkata Agreement signed with Franchisees for another 50 Cities VOIP EOI under Issue

Developmental Plans (2008-09):

Developmental Plans (2008-09) Expansion of 13.5 m GSM lines. Expansion of 3m Broadband. Expansion of 2 m WLL (CDMA) lines Introduction of 200K IP Transit Switch. Addition of 1206 K TDM TAX Addition of 200 IDRs Satellite System for Inaccessible Stations.

Role Of TRAI & TDSAT in Indian Telecom Growth:

Role Of TRAI & TDSAT in Indian Telecom Growth TRAI Setup in 1997 Protection of Consumer Interest Nurture Conditions for Growth of Telecom in India Major Activities Reduced levies on Operators. Reduced upper limit in tariff (Local, STD & ISD) and other Inter-operators tariffs. Directives on number of network access service providers. Policy guidelines on new services like 3G, WiMAX, Internet Telephony, Radio Paging, VSAT, etc. Regular monitoring of Quality of Service parameters

Role Of TRAI & TDSAT in Indian Telecom Growth:

Role Of TRAI & TDSAT in Indian Telecom Growth TDSAT An integrated & comprehensive dispute settlement mechanism. Set up on 29 th May 2000 & started hearing w.e.f. Jan 2001 83% cases disposed off from 2001 till 2007 TRAI & TDSAT provided healthy atmosphere for healthy growth of Telecom sector (Teledensity from 1.57 in 1997 to 24 in December 2007)

Opportunities & Challenges in 2008 and years to come:

Opportunities & Challenges in 2008 and years to come


Opportunities Rural tele-density is less than 10%. Overall tele-density is only 24%. Broadband penetration is just 0.25%, hence vast scope. BPO business is growing fast: Telecom can ride on it. Value added services like M-Commerce, M-Marketing, Special Information, Ring tones, etc. offer venues of additional revenue. As globalization is increasing, more percentage of global business for Indian telecom. Technologies like NGN, 3G, WiMAX, will open up new frontier of business.


Challenges No. of operators are increasing per circle: hence more competition ARPUs are going down Cost/ Customer is very high in rural areas Spectrum – a scare commodity Infrastructure readiness in rural PC prices are very high Availability of Contents in local language Availability of Contents for Rural Population International Bandwidth is costly Telecom Manufacturing in India.

PowerPoint Presentation:

Network expansion 250 million by 2007 - Already achieved 600 million by 2012 Rural connectivity 100 million by 2010 200 million by 2012 Broadband 20 million broadband connections and 40 million internet connections to provide by 2010 Broadband connections to provide on demand across the country by 2012 Growth- the way ahead

Thank You:

Thank You

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