Hazardous Communication

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HA Z ARD C O MMUN I CA TIO N EMPLOYEE “ RIGH T - T O-KNOW ”

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HA Z ARD C O MMUN I CA TIO N 8 CCR 5194 l Protects employees from hazardous chemicals. l Informs employees about chemical hazards. l Provides precautions and protective measures when using, handling and contacting chemicals.

PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS:

PR OG RAM REQU I REMEN T S l W ritten Hazard Communication Program l Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs) l Labeling of containers l Chemical Inventory l T raining l Recordkeeping

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L AUSD HA Z ARD C O MMUN I CA TIO N PR OG RAM Requires: l Approval from the Office of Environmental Health and Safety for all chemical products. l Development of chemical inventory list for each site, with annual updates. l Maintaining Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs) onsite for each chemical used or stored at the school/facility.

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L AUSD HA Z ARD C O MMUN I CA TIO N PR OG RAM Requires: l All containers properly labeled. l Hazard communication training. l Re- t raining for employees when new hazards are introduced. l Documentation of hazard communication training.

EMPLOYEE TRAINING:

EMP LO YEE T RA I N I NG Training shall include the following: l An explanation of the Hazard Communication Program. l An explanation of MSDSs and how to access an MSDS. l A review of chemicals used on site. l A review of the locations of work areas using hazardous products. l Identification of hazards associated with the use of chemicals. l A review of protective measures required for specific hazards. l An explanation of the labeling system used.

EMPLOYEE TRAINING:

EMP LO YEE T RA I N I NG All District employees must receive hazard communication training: l Annually. l At the time of initial assignment. l Prior to beginning new assignments involving chemicals. l Prior to per f ormance of hazardous, non- routine tasks.

EMPLOYEE TRAINING:

EMP LO YEE T RA I N I NG T raining will be provided at in-service training or special safety training by: l Site Administrators or designees l Supervisors l Chemical Safety Coordinators (at secondary school sites) l Office of Environmental Health and Safety personnel

EMPLOYEE TRAINING:

EMP LO YEE T RA I N I NG All employee training must be documented. Site administrators or supervisors must: l Use sign-in sheets to document training. l Keep training sign-in sheets on file for 3 years. l Submit copies of all sign-in sheets to OEHS.

HAZARD TERMS:

HA Z ARD T ERMS l Corrosives l F lammables l Explosives l Pressure l T oxici t y

HAZARD DEFINITION AND TERMS:

HA Z ARD DE FI N ITIO N AND T ERMS Rou t es of En t ry Chemicals may enter the body in four ways: Inhalation (breathing) Ingestion (swallowing) Absorption through the skin Injection

HAZARD DEFINITION AND TERMS:

HA Z ARD DE FI N ITIO N AND T ERMS Dose and Dose Effects l Dose: The amount of material an individual is exposed to. l The dose effects depend on the concentration of material over a period of time. l Ac u te effects: Occ u r ra p i d ly as a res u lt o f s ho rt-term ex po s u res, a n d are o f s ho rt du rat ion . l C h r on ic effects: Occ u r as a res u lt o f l ong - term ex po s u re, a n d are o f l on g du rat ion .

MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET:

MA T ER I AL SA F E T Y DA T A SHEET Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs) provide detailed health and safety information and precautions for handling hazardous substances, including emergency and first aid procedures.

MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEETS:

MA T ER I AL SA F E T Y DA T A SHEETS l Identity of the chemical or product l Hazardous ingredients l Physical/chemical characteristics l F ire and explosion hazards l Reactivity data l Health hazards l Precautions for safe handling and use l Control measures

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MA T ER I AL SA F E T Y DA T A SHEETS l Section I – Product Identification I. PRODUCT IDENTIFIC A TION T r ade Name Other Ident i fying Chemical Names Manufactu r e r ’ s Name Address Phone/Eme r gency Phone Date P r epa r ed or Revised

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MA T ER I AL SA F E T Y DA T A SHEETS l Section II – Hazardous Ingredients II. HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS Chemical Names CAS Number T L V – Th r eshold Limit V alue PEL – Pe r missible Exposu r e Limit

MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEETS:

MA T ER I AL SA F E T Y DA T A SHEETS l Section III – Physical Proper t ies III. Physical P r ope r t i es V apor Density ( ai r =1 ) / Specif i c G r avity W a r ning P r ope r t i es ( i.e. gas, mist, vapo r , dust) Solubility in W ater V apor P r essu r e Appea r ance and Odo r /PH Melt i ng/ Boiling Point

MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEETS:

MA T ER I AL SA F E T Y DA T A SHEETS l Section IV – F ire and Explosion I V . Fi r e and Explosion Flash Point Flammability Lower and Upper Explosion Level Fi r e Ext i nguisher T ype and Media Special f ir ef i ght i ng p r ocedu r es Unusual f ir e and explosion haza r ds

FIRE AND EXPLOSION:

FI RE AND EXPL O SI O N T erms: l F lash point – ignition temperature. l F lammable – ignites below 100 degrees. l Combustible – Ignites above 100 degrees.

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MA T ER I AL SA F E T Y DA T A SHEETS l Section V – Health Hazard Information V . Health Haza r d Info r mat i on Symptoms of Ove r exposu r e/Route of Ent r y Health E f fects or Risks Medical Condit i ons Potent i al or Suspect Ca r cinogen Fi r st Aid Eme r gency P r ocedu r es

MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEETS:

MA T ER I AL SA F E T Y DA T A SHEETS l Section VI – Reactivity Data VI. React i vity Data Stability Condit i ons to avoid Incompat i bility Haza r dous decomposit i on

REACTIVE CHEMICALS:

REAC TI VE CHEM I CA L S An example of two incompatible chemicals are bleach and ammonia.

MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEETS:

MA T ER I AL SA F E T Y DA T A SHEETS l Section VII – Spill, Leak and Disposal Procedures VII. Spill, Leak and Disposal P r ocedu r es Spill r esponse p r ocedu r es P r epa r ing wastes for disposal

HAZARDOUS MATERIAL SPILLS:

HA Z ARD O US MA T ER I AL SPI LL S In the event of a chemical spill: l Evacuate and prevent access to area. l Call the OEHS at (213) 241-3199. l Notify the site administrator. l Do not ask untrained individuals to clean up.

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MA T ER I AL SA F E T Y DA T A SHEETS l Section VIII – Special Handling Information VIII. Special Handling Info r mat i on V ent i lat i on Enginee r ing Cont r ols Pe r sonal P r otect i ve Equipment Safe W o r k P r act i ces Handling and Sto r age Other P r otect i ve Measu r es

PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT:

PERSONAL PR OT EC TI VE EQU I PMENT l Hard Hats l Gloves l Coveralls l Masks or Respirators l Safety glasses or face s hields

REVIEW:

REVIEW l You notice a strange odor when working with a new chemical. W hat section of the MSDS will provide information about odor? Section III- Physical Properties l You develop a skin rash while working with a chemical. W hat section of the MSDS will tell you about the affects of overexposure? Section V- Health Hazards l W hat section describes safe work practices for chemical products? Section VIII- Special Handling Inf o rmation. This section lists personal protective equipment, ventilation requirements and ot h er safe work practices.

LABELS:

L ABE L S

LABELS:

L ABE L S Labels should hav l Chemical Name or alternative or synonym name l W arning Statement l Caution Phrases l Precautionary Statements l F irst Aid Information e the following information:

LABELS:

L ABE L S METHANOL (Met h yl Alcohol) DANGER!  FLAMMABLE  POISON V apor Harm f ul. May Be Fatal If Swallowed Keep away from heat, sparks, open flame. Keep container closed. Use only with adequate ventilation. W ash thoroughly after handling. IMMEDI A TE L Y CALL POISON CONTROL CENTER OR 9 1 1. IF S W ALLO W ED. Give a tablespoon of salt in a glass of warm water and repeat until vomit fluid is clea r .

LABELS:

L ABE L S T he National F ire Protection Association (N F P A) utilizes a diamond divided into four color coded sections: l Blue - Health Hazard l Red - F lammability l Y ellow - Reactivity Hazard l W hite - Other Hazard Information

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L ABE L S W ithin each section, a number ranks the degree of hazard: l 0 - No or Minimal Hazard l 1 - Slight Hazard l 2 - Moderate Hazard l 3 - Serious Hazard l 4 - Extreme Hazard 1 2 3

LABELS:

L ABE L S T he white section aler t s the user to special hazards that a material may possess, such as: l W ater reactivity l Strong oxidizer l Corrosivity l Radioactivity

LABELS:

L ABE L S The Hazardous Material Identification System (HMIS) is similar to the NF P A. The color and numbering codes are identical. HMIS uses a color bar system with ranking for the level of protection:

REVIEW:

REVIEW l W hat color indicates fire or explosive hazards? Red l Name a “ caution phras e ” that may be found on a chemical label. Flammable , Toxic , Corrosive , Highly Volat i le, Av o id Breat h i n g Va po rs

SUMMARY POINTS:

SUMMARY PO I N T S l Consult your supervisor. l Read all safety instructions and labels. l Maintain safety equipment and tools. l Review MSDSs as needed.

SUMMARY POINTS:

SUMMARY PO I N T S l W ear personal protective equipment. l Know what to do in an emergency. l Know storage and waste requirements. l Unders t and and obey the safety rules.

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OT HER REQU I RED EMP LO YEE HEA LT H AND SA F E T Y T RA I N I NG Other required employee training includes: l Injury and Illness Prevention Program, 8 CCR, Section 3203. l Bloodborne Pathogens T raining, 8 CCR, Section 5193. l Chemical Hygiene Plan, 8 CCR, Section 5191 ( f or schools with chemical laboratories).

HEALTH AND SAFETY TRAINING:

HEA LT H AND SA F E T Y T RA I N I NG F or more information on employee health and safety, call the Office of Environmental Health and Safety at (213) 241-3199. or visit our webpage at www.lausd-oehs.org

PROGRAM END:

PR OG RAM END You have finished the hazard communication training. Please sign the training log. Discuss with your supervisor: l Any chemical exposure relating to your job. l T he location and availability of MSDSs. l Personal protective equipment required.

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