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Unit 3 PowerPoint Presentation for World History II


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1 Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment

Copernican system:

2 Copernican system This illustration of the Copernican System from the published text of Copernicus's treatise On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres (1543) shows the earth and the planets revolving around the sun. Copernicus challenged traditional astronomy and its earth-centered universe. (Erich Lessing/Art Resource, NY) Copernican system Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

Galileo's moon paintings:

3 Galileo's moon paintings When Galileo Galilei (1564-1642) published the results of his telescopic observations of the moon, he added these paintings to illustrate the marvels he'd seen. (Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale, Florence/Art Resource, NY) Galileo's moon paintings Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

Hogarth, Beer Street:

4 Hogarth, Beer Street Beer Street, an engraving by William Hogarth (British, 1697- 1764 ), shows an idealized London street scene where beer drinking is associated with manly strength, good humor, and prosperity. It is a representation of an ideal polity, an England in which all foreign elements--like the scrawny Frenchman being thrown out by the jolly pipe-smoking blacksmith--are rigorously excluded. The self-satisfied corpulent figure in the left foreground has been reading a copy of the king's speech to Parliament. We can imagine him offering a running commentary to his drinking companions as he reads. (Courtesy, Dover Publications) Hogarth, Beer Street Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

Statue, Voltaire:

5 Statue, Voltaire The greatest portrait sculptor of his day, Jean-Antoine Houdon (1741-1828) completed a statue of Voltaire in 1781, a statue commissioned by Catherine II of Russia. Voltaire posed for the sculpture as a frail old man, which is evident in the deep wrinkles of his face and the dry, papery skin of both his face and hands. Nonetheless, Houdon captures Voltaire's intellect and wit in his incisive gaze. (Scala/Art Resource, NY) Statue, Voltaire Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

Producing the Encyclopedie:

6 Producing the Encyclopedie Denis Diderot (1713-1784) wanted to present all valid knowledge--that is, knowledge based on reason and the senses and not on tradition and authority. This plate, one of 3,000 detailed illustrations accompanying the 70,000 essays in the Encyclopedia: The Rational Dictionary of the Sciences, the Arts, and the Crafts, shows (from left to right) compositors setting type, arranging lines, and blocking down completed forms. Printed sheets dry above. (Courtesy, Division of Rare Manuscripts Division, Cornell University Library) Producing the Encyclopedie Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

Galileo :

7 Galileo

Sir Isaac Newton :

8 Sir Isaac Newton

John Locke (1632-1704):

9 John Locke (1632-1704)


10 Voltaire

Montesquieu :

11 Montesquieu

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