Progressives

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disappear : 

disappear Progressivism

Slide 2: 

Roots of Reform

Who were these reformers? : 

Who were these reformers? middle and upper class- 750,000 in 1870 to around 10 million by 1910 college educated women progressive journalists-muckrackers helped spread the reform message relentless on their assaults on social evils

Slide 4: 

Reasons for Reform

Slide 5: 

Muckrakers

Slide 6: 

John Spargo “Bitter Cry of The children”

Slide 7: 

The Shame of The Cities Lincoln Steffens

Slide 8: 

Jacob Riis “How The Other Half Lives”

Progressive Leaders : 

Progressive Leaders Ida Tarbell “history of …”

Progressive Leaders : 

Progressive Leaders Robert LaFollette “Fighting Bob”

Treason of the Senate…1906 : 

Treason of the Senate…1906 David Graham Phillips

Slide 12: 

Jane Addams “Hull House”

Slide 14: 

What were some of the goals of progressivism? What roles did muckrakers, writers, and intellectuals play in the Progressive movement? What were some of the achievements and shortfalls of the Progressive movement?

Period of Reform : 

Not a single movement united by a single goal Concern over industrialization was not new-, Populists Progressivism differs from Populism… it was an urban movement... Populists= rural crowded cities, gap between rich and poor- graduated income tax Period of Reform

Combating the ills of society : 

Combating the ills of society Unsafe working conditions child labor, long hours- 1900- average laborer worked over 10 hours a day, 6 days a week

Slide 17: 

Social Ills

Progressives seek Government reform : 

Progressives seek Government reform check on corporate power- break up bad trusts more democracy- suffrage for women cleaned up cities-better citizens enlarging function of government to include housing standards, public health and city planning. We’re off to see the Wizard

Literature that points out problems : 

Literature that points out problems McClure’s- “Tweed Days in St. Louis”- Lincoln Steffens, Claude Wetmore- 1902- beginning of muckracking school of journalism Tarbell attacks Standard Oil Dreiser- “The Financier”- business owners driven by greed

“The Jungle” : 

“The Jungle” Upton Sinclair- book deals with meat-packing industry in Chicago “I aimed at the public’s heart and by accident I hit their stomach” Pure Food and Drug Act and the Meat Inspection Act.

Slide 21: 

The Jungle

Slide 22: 

Amendments of The Progressive Era 16th amendment Income Tax (1913) 17th Amendment Direct Election of Senators (1913) 18th Amendment prohibition (1919) 19th Amendment Woman's Suffrage (1920)

Slide 23: 

National Level

Slide 24: 

Teddy Roosevelt Believed President should set legislative Agenda Progressive Reformer Fighter who was not part of the Party Machinery

Slide 25: 

Bully, Bully

Slide 26: 

Teddy Roosevelt Square Deal Coal Workers (10% raise, no unions)Presidential Intervention Trust Buster ( Northern Securities) Good Trust (U.S. Steel)

The Square Deal : 

The Square Deal

Slide 28: 

A History of Teddy Roosevelt

“ PURE ACT” : 

“ PURE ACT” “… and Theodore was the spinner” ACTIVIST: state senator author police comm. Asst.sec`y navy gov.of n.y. ranch owner civil service comm. COL.of the ROUGH RIDERS

“HEALTH TO THE LIONS” : 

“HEALTH TO THE LIONS” JP MORGAN BRAZIL “A LAST CHANCE TO BE A BOY”

Slide 31: 

“A BULLY PULPIT”

NEW NATIONALISM : 

NEW NATIONALISM GOV`T PROMOTES THE GEN`L WELFARE BULL MOOSE PARTY…assassination attempt STAUNCH CONSERVATIONIST

CHANGE IS AT HAND : 

CHANGE IS AT HAND MCKINLEY’S ASSASINATION ROOSEVELT IN OFFICE INTENDED TO CARRY OUT MCKINLEY’S DOMESTIC POLICY KEPT MCKINLEYS CABINET

FIRST MESSAGE TO CONGRESS... : 

“There is a widespread conviction in the minds of the American people that the great corporations known as Trusts are in certain of their features and tendencies hurtful to the general welfare….” FIRST MESSAGE TO CONGRESS...

Slide 35: 

BUREAU OF CORPORATIONS SHERMAN ANTITRUST ACT ANTITRUST SUIT AGAINST J.P. MORGANS NORTHERN SECURITIES CORPORATION ATTACKS BUSINESS IN 1902

Slide 36: 

ROOSEVELT URGED FOR ARBITRATION FIRST TIME THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT HAD INTERVENED IN A STRIKE TO PROTECT THE INTERESTS OF THE WORKERS AND THE PUBLIC COAL MINERS STRIKE

Slide 37: 

CAMPAIGN SLOGAN 1904 “SEE TO IT THAT EVERY MAN HAS A SQUARE DEAL, NO LESS NO MORE.” SQUARE DEAL I`m Teddy Roosevelt and I Approve this Message.

SQUARE DEAL CALLED FOR: : 

SQUARE DEAL CALLED FOR: LIMITING THE POWER OF TRUSTS PROMOTING PUBLIC HEALTH AND SAFETY IMPROVING WORKING CONDITIONS

TRUSTBUSTING : 

TRUSTBUSTING ELKINS ACT 1903 FORBADE SHIPPERS FROM ACCEPTING REBATES HEPBURN ACT AUTHORIZED THE ICC TO SET RAILROAD RATES SUPREME COURT RULED THAT THE NORTHERN SECURITIES COMPANY VIOLATED THE SHERMAN ANTITRUST ACT WENT ON A TRUST BUSTING CAMPAIGN FILING 44 SUITS AGAINST BUSINESS

Slide 41: 

TRUSTBUSTER

PROTECTING THE CONSUMER : 

PROTECTING THE CONSUMER MEAT INSPECTION ACT 1906 PURE FOOD AND DRUG ACT

Slide 43: 

Nobel Peace Prize

Slide 44: 

Get on The Raft with Taft

Slide 45: 

William Howard Taft Teddy Roosevelt Super sized The True Trust Buster 2x as many as TR 3.Mann-Elkins Act – Gave the Federal Government the power to oversee Telephone and Telegraph Co.

Slide 46: 

"Talkin about Taft"

Slide 47: 

Election of 1912 Taft Republican President TR Former Republican( Bull Moose) Woodrow Wilson Future President Democrat…New Freedom Eugene V. Debs Former and Future Convict…Socialist

Slide 48: 

1912

Slide 49: 

Bull Moose New Nationalism

Slide 50: 

Teddy`s the One

Slide 51: 

Bye, Bye, LaFollette

Slide 54: 

1912 Election

Slide 55: 

New Freedom

Woodrow Wilson : 

Woodrow Wilson

Idealist : 

Idealist Religious influence of his father Predestination Grew-up in South during Civil War

Slide 58: 

New Freedom

Slide 59: 

Woodrow Wilson New Freedom Underwood Tariff Federal Reserve Act Clayton Anti Trust Act Federal Trade Commission

Most influential President in The White House : 

Most influential President in The White House Peace becomes the focal point

Lags on Progressive Reforms : 

Lags on Progressive Reforms New Freedom Philosophy Believes Country needed Big Business Att`y Gen`l McReynolds

Triple Wall of Privelege : 

Triple Wall of Privelege Tariff Banks Trusts Underwood Tariff Federal Reserve Clayton-Anti Trust

Progressivism spreads under Wilson : 

Progressivism spreads under Wilson 1913- Underwood Tariff Act- reduces tariff to lowest levels in 50 years, graduated income tax Federal Reserve Act- reform of banking Clayton Antitrust Act- clarifies and extends Sherman Anti-trust Act, says what corporations could not do passage of the 17th and 19th amendments

Action v. Philosphy : 

Action v. Philosphy F.T.C. Clayton Anti- Trust Act Racial Attitudes

Slide 65: 

Woodrow Wilson

1916 Election : 

1916 Election Child Labor laws Fear of TR

“ He kept us out of WAR “ : 

“ He kept us out of WAR “

Slide 68: 

Rise of Socialism Eugene V. Debs

Achievements of Progressivism : 

Achievements of Progressivism demonstrated that American system can adopt to changes created a movement to remedy problems (especially after 1912) settlement movement-increases education, helps immigrants created a mindset of reform among key politicians- Senator LaFollette- Wisconsin idea - brings direct primary to Wisconsin, creates commissions to regulate big business conservation of forests- TR Roosevelt- first progressive president- “trustbuster, conserves forests for future generations

Slide 70: 

Failures of Progressivism

Shortcomings of Progressivism : 

Shortcomings of Progressivism Does very little for African-Americans and Native Americans prohibition repealed W.E.B.DuBois

Slide 72: 

A Better America ?

Summary : 

Summary Progressives Combating the ills of society Period of Reform Progressives seek government reform Who were these reformers? Literature that points out problems “The Jungle” Achievements of Progressivism

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