Immigration

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Slide 1: 

We All Coming To America

The Making of America : 

The Making of America Look , a Starbucks

Slide 4: 

Wave of Immigration

Slide 5: 

European and Asian immigrants arrived in the United States in great numbers during the late 1800s. Providing cheap labor, they made rapid industrial growth possible. They also helped populate the growing cities. The immigrants’ presence affected both urban politics and labor unions. Reactions to immigrants and to an urban society were reflected in new political organizations and in literature and philosophy.

Slide 6: 

Far & Away * Political & religious persecutions…Pogroms * Poverty * Hope for Freedom & Prosperity * Face Nativism … American Protection Association

Slide 7: 

Coming to America

Slide 8: 

Europeans Flood Into the United States By the late 1800s, most European states made it easy to move to America. By the 1890s, eastern and southern Europeans made up more than half of all immigrants. Of the 14 million immigrants who arrived between 1860 and 1900, many were European Jews.

Slide 9: 

America offered immigrants employment, few immigration restrictions, avoidance of military service, religious freedom, and the chance to move up the social ladder. ? Most immigrants took the difficult trip to America in steerage, the least expensive accommodations on a steamship. ? TITANIC The 14-day trip usually ended at Ellis Island, a small island in New York Harbor. Europeans Flood Into the United States

Slide 10: 

It served as a processing center for most immigrants arriving on the East coast after 1892. ? Most immigrants passed through Ellis Island in a day. ? However, some faced the possibility of being separated from family and possibly sent back to Europe due to health problems. Europeans Flood Into the United States

Slide 11: 

Ellis Island

Slide 12: 

Most immigrants settled in cities. They lived in neighborhoods that were separated into ethnic groups. Here they duplicated many of the comforts of their homelands, including language and religion. Immigrants who learned English, adapted to American culture, had marketable skills or money, or if they settled among members of their own ethnic group tended to adjust well to living in the United States. Europeans Flood Into the United States

Slide 13: 

Asian Immigration to America Severe unemployment, poverty, and famine in China; the discovery of gold in California; the Taiping Rebellion in China; and the demand for railroad workers in the United States led to an increase in Chinese immigration to the United States in the mid-1800s. ? In Western cities, Chinese immigrants worked as laborers, servants, skilled tradesmen, and merchants. ? Some opened their own laundries.

Slide 14: 

Between 1900 and 1919, Japanese immigration to the United States drastically increased as Japan began to build an industrial economy and an empire. ? In 1910 a barracks was opened on Angel Island in California. ? Here, Asian immigrants, mostly young men and boys, waited sometimes for months for the results of immigration hearings. Asian Immigration to America

Slide 18: 

New Immigration

Slide 19: 

Reaction to Immigration 1882 … Chinese Exclusion Act…( Kearneyites) APA Congressional restrictions Birds of Paradise Unions

Slide 20: 

Tenements Jane Addams…Hull House Industrialization Skyscrapers Subways …Transportation Newspapers & Magazines Public Schools Religion…ethnic groups Parks…Central Park Rise of the Cities

Slide 21: 

Tenements

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FIRST SEGREGATION LAW REQUIRED SEPARATE RAILWAY CARS FOR BLACKS AND WHITES LED TO SEGREGATION ON PARKS, CEMETERIES, SCHOOL, ETC…... JIM CROW LAWS 1881

PLESSY V. FERGUSON : 

PLESSY V. FERGUSON “SEPARATE BUT EQUAL”

BOOKER T. WASHINGTON : 

BOOKER T. WASHINGTON “ATLANTA COMPROMISE”

W.E.B DUBOIS : 

W.E.B DUBOIS “SOULS OF BLACK FOLK”

Slide 29: 

Yearning to be Free

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