Alamo2

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“REMEMBER THE ALAMO” : 

“REMEMBER THE ALAMO”

Slide 3: 

The Legend

TEXAS IN 1835 : 

TEXAS IN 1835 COLONY OF MEXICO 75% OF THE POPULATION IS AMERICAN MEXICO HAD WON ITS INDEPENDENCE FROM SPAIN IN 1824 TEXAS

FOUNDER … STEPHAN AUSTIN : 

FOUNDER … STEPHAN AUSTIN CONDITIONS FOR SETTLEMENT 1) CONVERT TO CATHOLICISM 2) RENOUNCE AMERICAN CITIZENSHIP 3) NO SLAVERY

Slide 7: 

Opening Texas to Americans Texas was under Mexican control after Mexico achieved independence from Spain in 1824.  Tejanos–the Spanish-speaking people of the area–had established settlements in the southern part of the region.  Because Tejanos refused to move to the northern part of the region where Native American groups lived, Mexico invited Americans and others to settle there.

Section 2-6 : 

Section 2-6 Most American emigrants to Texas came at the encouragement of empresarios–a Spanish word for “agents.” Under the National Colonization Act, Mexico gave 26 empresarios large areas of Texas land. In return, the empresarios promised to get a certain number of settlers for the land. Stephen Austin, the first and most successful empresario, founded the town of Washington-on-the-Brazos. Opening Texas to Americans

Section 2-7 : 

Section 2-7 At first, the Americans agreed to Mexican citizenship, as required for settlement.  The Americans did not adopt Mexican customs, however, nor did they think of Mexico as their country. In 1826 empresario Haden Edwards and his brother declared that the American settlements in Texas were the independent nation of Fredonia. Stephen Austin and some troops, however, helped Mexico stop Edwards’s revolt. Opening Texas to Americans

Section 2-8 : 

Section 2-8 The Mexican government feared that Edwards’s revolt might be an American plot to take over Texas.  In 1830 Mexico closed its borders to immigration by Americans.  The government also banned the import of enslaved labor and discouraged trade with the United States.  These new laws angered settlers. Opening Texas to Americans

GENERALISIMO SANTA ANNA : 

GENERALISIMO SANTA ANNA IN 1834 DECIDES TO ENFORCE THE DETAILS OF THE SETTLEMENT AGREEMENT AMERICANS ARE FLOODING THE COUNTRYSIDE RECOGNIZES “ MANIFEST DESTINY “

AUSTIN PLEADES FOR MODERATION : 

AUSTIN PLEADES FOR MODERATION LOCKED UP BY SANTA ANNA … NOW BECOMES A RADICAL SAM HOUSTON

Slide 13: 

Texas Goes to War American settlers in Texas held a convention in 1832 and asked Mexico to reopen Texas to American immigrants and to decrease the taxes on imports. A convention held in 1833 was more aggressive. At that time, Texas was part of northern Mexico. The convention members asked Mexico to separate Texas from Coahuila and create a new Mexican state.

Slide 14: 

The convention wrote a constitution for the new state and sent Austin to Mexico City to negotiate with the Mexican government. Negotiations failed. Austin wrote a letter suggesting that Texas should organize its own state government. Stephen Austin persuaded Mexican President Antonio López de Santa Anna to agree to lift the immigration ban and other demands. Texas Goes to War

Slide 15: 

In the meantime, Mexican officials intercepted Austin’s letter.  In January 1834, Austin was arrested by Mexican officials and jailed for treason.  In April 1834, Santa Anna denounced the Mexican Constitution and made himself dictator.  When Austin was released from prison in 1835, he urged Texans to organize an army, since he foresaw war with Mexico. Texas Goes to War

WILLIAM TRAVIS : 

WILLIAM TRAVIS LONGS FOR MILITARY GLORY 1831 … ARRIVES IN TEXAS AND JOINS THE RADICALS PROVOKES AN INCIDENT OCT.1,1835 … GONZALES TX. 1ST SHOT OF THE WAR FOR TEXAS INDEPENDENCE

JIM BOWIE : 

JIM BOWIE

DAVEY CROCKETT : 

DAVEY CROCKETT

Slide 19: 

The Legend of Davey Crockett

Slide 20: 

The Texas army’s first victory against Mexico was at the military post of Gonzales. Eventually, Sam Houston, a former governor of Tennessee and an experienced military leader, took command of the Texas army. When Santa Anna and his forces came to San Antonio in February 1836, over 180 Texan rebels were at the Alamo, an abandoned mission inside the town. Texas Goes to War

Slide 21: 

The small force, commanded by William B. Travis and joined by 32 settlers, held off Santa Anna’s army for 13 days. During this time, the new Texas government declared independence from Mexico. On March 6, 1836, Santa Anna’s army defeated the Texans at the Alamo. Texas Goes to War

MARCH, 1836 … “ THIRTEEN DAYS OF GLORY “ : 

MARCH, 1836 … “ THIRTEEN DAYS OF GLORY “ SANTA ANNA MARCHES ON TEXAS 5000 MEN TEXICANS DIVIDED AND DISORGANIZED Which way to Taco Bell?

Slide 23: 

THE ALAMO

Slide 24: 

NO ONE CROSSED

Slide 25: 

Final Days

Slide 26: 

CROCKETT`S LAST STAND

Slide 27: 

GOLIAD

Slide 28: 

Two weeks after the Alamo fell, the Mexican army forced the Texas troops to surrender at Goliad, a town southeast of San Antonio. More than 300 Texans were executed by the order of Santa Anna. At the Battle of San Jacinto, Sam Houston and his Texas troops launched a surprise attack on the Mexican army. The Texan forces easily beat the Mexican army. Texas Goes to War

Slide 29: 

LONE STAR REPUBLIC

Slide 30: 

They captured Santa Anna, who was forced to sign a treaty recognizing independence for the Republic of Texas. In September 1836, Sam Houston was elected president of the Republic of Texas. The citizens of Texas also voted for annexation–to become part of the United States. Many northern members of Congress were against admitting Texas as a slave state. Texas Goes to War

Slide 31: 

San Jacinto

Slide 34: 

MANIFEST DESTINY ???

Slide 35: 

Our Destiny

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