change management and organizational change


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"Be The change you want to see in the world"


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Organization Culture and Change Management:

Organization C ulture and Change Management www .

Organization Culture:

Organization Culture A system of shared values , assumptions, beliefs, and norms that unite the members of an organization. Reflects employees’ views about “the way things are done around here.” The culture specific to each firm affects how employees feel and act and the type of employee hired and retained by the company.

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In order to survive , organizations and their cultures must continuously evolve and change .

Conditions prompting change :

Conditions prompting change Economic crises Changes in laws or regulations Social developments Global competition Demographic trends Explosive technological changes

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“Cultures change when an organization discovers, invents or develops solutions to problems it faces.”

Managing Organizational Change:

Managing Organizational Change Organization culture can facilitate or inhibit change in an organization. A firm attempts to change organizational culture because the current culture hinders the attainment of corporate goals. Environmental and internal forces can stimulate the need for organization change.

Environmental Forces:

Environmental Forces Put pressure on how a firm conducts its business and its relationships with customers, suppliers, and employees. Environmental forces include: Technology Market forces Political and regulatory forces Social trends

Internal Forces:

Internal Forces Come from decisions made within the company. May originate with top executives and managers and travel in a top-down direction . May originate with front-line employees or labor unions and travel in a bottom-up direction.

Organization Culture Issues:

Organization Culture Issues

Three important issues in an Organization’s Culture:

Three important issues in an O rganization’s Culture Ethics Diversity of employees Leadership behavior

How does all this fit together ?:

How does all this fit together ? Managers and leaders must use good leadership practices to be sure to introduce, develop, reward, and “cement” ethical practices and positive ways of working with diversity into the organization culture

Changing Organizational Culture:

Changing Organizational Culture Top leaders can set the tone for a culture and for culture change.

Leaders who strive for high-quality products and services understand:

Leaders who strive for high-quality products and services understand Involve the keepers and holders of the culture. Build on what all organizational members share. Teach new members how to behave.

Implementing Organizational Change:

Implementing Organizational Change Top-down Change Change Agents Bottom-up Change

Targets for Change:

Targets for Change Individuals Groups The Organization The Environment

Individual Targets:

Individual Targets Changes in this area are triggered by new staffing strategies or by an effort to enhance workforce diversity. The number and skills of the human resource component. Improving levels of employee motivation and performance.

Group Targets:

Group Targets Involves changes in the nature of the relationship between managers and subordinates or the relationships within work groups.

Organizational Targets:

Organizational Targets Changes in any of the following areas: Basic goals and strategies of the organization Products, quality, or services offered Organizational structure The composition of work units Organizational processes such as reward, communication, or information processing system The culture

Environmental Targets:

Environmental Targets Involves changing sectors of an organization’s environment For example, changes in products or services offered may require new technology or a new distribution system.

Change agents should take the following steps to obtain a successful change outcome:

Change agents should take the following steps to obtain a successful change outcome Establish a sense of urgency. Form a powerful coalition of supporters of change. Create a vision of change. Communicate the vision of change. Empower others to act on the vision. Plan and create short-term wins. Consolidate improvements and produce still more change. Institutionalize new approaches .

Change Agent’s Profile:

Change Agent’s Profile