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The story of the Institution of Engineers, Malaysia (IEM) begins with the nation's independence. The Institution, born exactly 20 months after Merdeka - on May 1, 1959 - has had a marked influence on the engineering profession in the country. Back in 1951, the Building By-laws stated that only those who were registered under the Architect’s Ordinance 1951, could submit plans to the Local Authorities, but engineers are not allowed to submit building plan. They are only allowed if they registered under Part II of the Architect’s Ordinance, but this created unsatisfactory feeling. There was a strong need for an Institution to cater the interest of engineers. From 1951-59, the activities of engineers were organised under the joint group of ICE\I Mech E\IEE.The Institution of Engineers was formed in1959 with the objective of advancing the engineering profession.In order to unite all engineers in the country, the Institution has been working towards the registration of engineers since its establishment. In 1967, the Engineer’s Act was passed with the provision that to register as a Professional Engineer, one must first be a Corporate Member of the Institution. HISTORY OF IEM


HISTORY OF IEM History of the Institution At first, to be granted admission to Corporate Membership, one needs only to have five years working experience as an Engineer regardless of what capacity. Later, the Constitution was amended and Professional Interview was introduced. This was to ensure that only engineers having the relevant experience would be admitted to Corporate Membership and could register as a Professional Engineer. It has grown and matured with the nation and its people. It started out with only 60 members. Over the past two and a half decades, its membership has increased more than a hundred-fold to almost 15,000 today, making it one of the largest professional bodies in Malaysia. The close rapport between the IEM and the government has been strengthened over the years. The tangible result of the Government's recognition of IEM was when it accepted qualification for certain posts in the civil service.Besides gaining Government backing, IEM also received its first international recognition when it was admitted into the Commonwealth Engineering Council in 1962.


PAST LEADERS No history is complete without the people making it. Similarly, IEM has had numerous dedicated and selfless leaders and members who made many sacrifices to nurture and build up the Institution to what it is today - a proud symbol of all engineers in Malaysia.In its 40 years of existence, IEM has had the services of 23 Presidents. They represent various engineering disciplines. The founder President was Ir. Tan Sri Yusoff Haji Ibrahim who served a four-year term. He was succeeded by another able leader, Ir. Raja Tan Sri Zainal bin Raja Suleiman, who was then the General Manager of LLN. (now known as TNB). Twenty-one other Presidents came after him and each in his own way left an indelible mark on the IEM and shaped its destiny.

Objectives :

Objectives The objectives and purposes of which the Institution is constituted are to promote and advance the theory and practice of engineering in all its disciplines and to: raise the character and status and advance the interests of the profession; increase the confidence of the community in the employment of recognised engineers by admitting to the Institution only such persons who have adequate knowledge of both the theory and practice of engineering. promote honest practice, prevent malpractice and settle disputed points of practice and ethics; collect and disseminate engineering information; arrange lectures, exhibitions and conferences, seminars, courses; encourage the study of engineering and improve the general and technical knowledge of persons engaged in the profession; originate and promote improvements in legislation and its administration by deputation, submissions and representations.


LOCAL AND INTERNATIONAL AFFILIATIONS AND RECOGNITION Over the years, IEM has gained recognition not only locally but also internationally. IEM is an active member of several International Engineering Organisations. They include the World Federation of Engineering Organisations (WFEO), Commonwealth Engineers Council (CEC), Federation of Engineering Institutions of Southeast Asia and the Pacific (FEISEAP), Association of Engineering Education of Southeast Asia (AEESEA), Asean Federation of Engineering Organisations (AFEO). The Institution is also represented on various local committees and organisations like Balai Iktisas Malaysia (BIM), Standards & Industrial Research Institute of Malaysia (SIRIM), World Energy Organisation (WEO) and many others.


CODE OF ETHICS In today's specialised technologically based society there is a great dependence on the sound judgment and integrity of the professional engineer. The further development of civilisation, the conservation and management of natural resources, and the improvement of the standards of living of mankind are greatly affected by the work of the engineer. For that work to be fully effective it is necessary not only that engineers strive constantly to widen their knowledge and improve their skill but also that the community be willing to recognise the integrity and trust the judgment of members of the profession of engineering. For this to happen the profession must be recognised in the community for: its skill in using technical expertise for the enhancement of human welfare; its loyalty to the community, to employers and clients; its honesty and impartiality in professional practice. Because of the importance on these matters the Institution has a Code of Ethics. The preamble to the Code states: ... members are required to order their conduct in accordance with the principle that, in any conflict between a member's personal interest and fair and honest dealing with other members of the Community, his duty to the Community must prevail.


THE CODE OF ETHICS BY INSTITUTION OF ENGINEERS, MALAYSIA The Institution of Engineers, Malaysia (IEM), primary role is to cover all major disciplines of engineering practiced in Malaysia. It is governed by Constitution and by-laws which include the regulation of professional conduct.It is being managed by a Council which consists of elected members. The Council will delegate the day to day management of the Institution to an Executive Committee which oversees six standing committees on finance, admissions, examination & qualification, publication, activities and professional practice. The principal duties of the Standing Committee on Professional Practice are as follows:- To review, co-ordinate and formulate policies on all aspect of professional practice among members of the Institution including the conduct, ethics, discipline and good technical practice. To liaise with other professional bodies, public and statutory authorities To examine and report to the Executive Committee on any complaint made against a member of the Institution.


BOARD OF ENGINEERS MALAYSIA CODE OF PROFESSIONAL CONDUCT Under the Section 15 of the Engineers’ Act 1967, the Board may order the cancellation of the registration of any engineer, if: He is guilty of fraud, dishonesty or moral turpitude; The accepts of illicit commission; Failed to disclose to his/her client any vested financial interest in dealings with the client. There are other grounds for de-registration but these are not related to ethics. ASSOCIATION OF CONSULTING ENGINEERS, MALAYSIA (ACEM ) The ACEM is a non-profit limited company, incorporated under the Companies’ Act in 1963. The affairs of the ACEM are governed by their memorandum and articles of association. The main objective of ACEM is to promote the interests of all Consulting Engineers and Consulting Engineering as a profession. The philosophy of ACEM is that the members should uphold high principles and established themselves as an elite group of unbiased professional engineers who can be trusted to give independent and unbiased professional advice which is completely unfettered by the possibility of conflicts of interest arising due to a Consulting Engineer’s excessive involvement in business or other commercial ventures, especially with his/her nature of work.


COMPLEMENTARY FUNCTIONS OF IEM, BEM & ACEM CODE OF ETHICS The three major Professional Engineering bodies to which engineers may be affiliated are: The Board of Engineers (BEM), which is a statutory body governed by the Engineer’s Act 1967 and with which an Engineer must registered before he/she can be employed or practise as an Engineer. The Institution of Engineers, Malaysia (IEM). which is a learned society registered under the Society’s Act. Membership is voluntary but the professional standards set by IEM for membership are accepted by BEM as qualifications for registration as a Professional Engineer (PE). Most PE are IEM members. The Association of Consulting Engineers, Malaysia (ACEM), is a non-profit organisation comprising of Consulting Engineers. Its objective is to promote the interest of Consulting Engineering as a profession. All the three bodies have their own Code of Ethics designed too suit their specific requirement according to the objectives of each body constituted.

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BEM Code of Professional Conduct are amenable and have clear interpretation because of its legal connotations and would be enforceable in law. Issues of morality and philosophy would be ineffective in law since it is impossible to legislate moral or philosophical principles.Therefore, the BEM code can distinguished between legal and illegal cases. BEM lays down minimum baseline rules which are enforceable in law and must be observed by all engineers registered under the Engineer’s Act. The IEM Regulations on Professional Conduct tend to be general because IEM members comprise of various engineering disciplines, as well as types of professional employment and businesses. IEM Code embraces many areas involving moral and philosophical considerations including public safety & health, conservation of resources & environment, upgrading of technology, engineers responsibility and the conduct of affairs between Engineer and employees, clients and peers. There is a provision in the IEM by-laws that disciplinary cases are referred to BEM for appropriate action. The ACEM Code is designed to order conduct of Consulting Engineers in areas like advertising and promotion of works, fees and other remuneration, competition with other members, submission of bids or proposals and related subject. ACEM members are bound to observe the Codes of both BEM and IEM (if they are also IEM members) and details rules to govern the conduct of Consulting Engineer’s business. The ACEM Code is designed to maintain strict discipline amongst their members to ensure that they maintain their independent professional status without excessive commercial involvement which may give rise to conflict of interest.


PURPOSE OF PROFESSIONAL INTERVIEW (P.I) The Professional Interview (P.I) is conducted by interviewers on behalf of the IEM Council. It is intended to test the candidate’s: Grasp of engineering principles application in solving problems that arise from investigation, planning, design or construction of engineering works or research Capability to accept professional responsibility Ability to communicate The Professional Interview Eligibility The objective of the P.I., is to ensure that a candidate wishing to be elected as a Corporate Member has a minimum period of engineering experience. Under the Engineer’s Act 1972, stipulated that the candidate must: Be a registered graduate engineer with BEM Have completed 2 years of service with the government sector i.e. DID or JKR (only applicable to Civil Engineers) Undergo a training stint either through the IEM Log Book Scheme for a period of 3 years or independently under P.E supervision preferably in the same discipline for a period of 4 years.


PREPARATION FOR PROFESSIONAL INTERVIEW A P.I candidate must submit documents showing evidence of his/her engineering experience. It can be in form of drawings with calculation attached. The candidate must also submit a report in chronological order describing the work he has undertaken since graduation. The report must indicate clearly the engineering problems encountered by the candidate and his/her solution to overcome this situation. The candidate needs to have an understanding of cost, quantities & magnitude, knowledge of technical standards and code of practices and the various restrictions on their applications in solving the problem encountered. The purpose of ORAL interview is to clarify certain points stated in the report and to ascertain whether the candidate did carry out the job. The engineering experience gained should include planning-design, investigation-field, work-construction, supervision & management and general engineering related activities. After the oral session, the candidate is required to write two essays. The reason is to allow the candidate a chance to clarify certain points that were not properly expressed during the interview.The second essay is on the code of ethics.


THE ATTRIBUTES OF A MODERN ENGINEER During the interview, the candidate is assessed whether he/she is worthy enough to be accepted as a corporate member of the Institution. The candidate should be: Technically competent Able to conceptualise Able to plan and modify when situation changes whilst still maintaining the goal of the plan Competent in design – assemble facts, arranging them, analysing and judging before drawing a conclusion Cost conscious and able to make cost comparisons Able to communicate – write, sketch, speak and respond. Able to develop management skills especially in human relations, decision making, to lead and be a team advisor or coordinator Able to advocate and to champion the conclusions reached by his/her professional competence and to show by examples that ethics and high integrity are fundamental in professional service.


ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING The electrical engineer is concerned with the generation, transmission and utilisation of electrical energy; with industrial control and industrial electronics; and with application electronics to such diverse fields as communications, computers, instrumentation, medicine and automatic control. Because of the diversity of electrical engineering, opportunities are available in virtually every phase of industrial activity and government service. Electrical engineers are in demand in manufacturing, mining, transportation, construction, utilities, communications,oil exploration and product development. For those with an interest in computer hardware or software, the increasing use of minicomputers and microprocessors in instrumentation, medical and diagnostic services, signal processing and industrial process control has lead to challenging opportunities. After extensive experience in any of these fields, an electrical engineer may offer his services as a consultant.


MECHANICAL ENGINEERING Mechanical engineers are not limited in their employment to only one or two industrial sectors, and job openings for mechanical engineers comprise an unending range of opportunities. The education of a mechanical engineer covers a broad range of topics including the mechanics of materials, machine dynamics, thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, automatic control and computer-aided design. In addition to the traditional role of mechanical engineers in the development of machinery, the graduates are increasingly taking a role in the development of robots for advanced manufacturing systems, in automation of industrial processes, in naval architecture and in bioengineering.

Technical Divisions:

Technical Divisions In order to implement the learned society function of the Institution more effectively, the following Technical Divisions have been established within the structure of the Institution: Agriculture and Food Engineering Building Services Chemical Engineering Civil and Structural Engineering Electrical Engineering Engineering Education Environmental Engineering Geotechnical Engineering Graduate & Student Section Highway and Transportation Engineering Information Technology Special Interest Group Mechanical Engineering

Technical Divisions:

Technical Divisions Oil and Gas Production and Manufacturing Engineering Tunneling and Underground Space Water Resources Engineering There is also a Graduate & Student Section. Each Division/Section is run by a Division/Section Committee and is responsible for conducting its affairs within general policies laid down by the Council. Divisions/Sections are serviced through the National Headquarters of the Institution.

Membership Grades:

Membership Grades There are six grades of members, viz. Honorary Fellows, Fellows, Members, Graduates, Students and Affiliates, of which the first three are corporate grades, i.e. they have been recognised by the Institution as qualified and experienced professional engineers. The Honorary Fellows are also awarded to non-engineers, who are prominent and have contributed to the development of engineering and sciences. Y.B. Datuk Seri Dr Mahathir Mohamed is one such Hon. F.l.E.M). The requirements for these grades are: Honorary fellow: Honorary Fellow shall be a distinguished person of acknowledged eminence whom the Institution desires to honour for services rendered to the engineering profession. Honorary Fellowship shall only be conferred by the Council. Fellow: There shall be no direct admission to this grade. Admission shall only be by transfer from the grade of Member. To be eligible for transfer to the grade of Fellow, a Member shall have satisfied the Council that he is worthy of transfer to this grade. Member: A Member, at the time of his advancement or election to this grade, shall have satisfied the Council that he has attained such standard as set by the Council to testify to his proficiency as a professional engineer, and that he is worthy of election as Member.

Membership Grades:

Membership Grades Graduate: A Graduate shall be a person who, with respect to his age, his educational attainments, his practical training, his employment and otherwise, complies with such of the Bylaws and Regulations as applied to Graduates. Affiliate: An Affiliate shall be a person who has had the necessary experience in a responsible position in engineering or a person who, by his connection with engineering science or the arts or otherwise, is qualified to concur with professional engineers in the advancement of engineering knowledge. Student: A Student shall be a person who, with respect of his age, his education attainments and otherwise, complies with such of the Bylaws and Regulations as applied to Students. Applications for admission to all grades of membership should be made on forms available from National Headquarters or any Branch Office.

Fees and Annual Subscriptions:

Fees and Annual Subscriptions Entrance and Transfer Fees An entrance/transfer fee payable for the grade of membership to which the applicant is admitted, elected or transferred shall be due and payable as of the date of admission. Election or transfer to that grade, as follows:- (a) Member who has been a graduate member for at least two years before applying for election. RM 100.00 2. who does not fulfil the requirements in (a)(1) above. RM 350.00 (b) Graduate who has been a student member for at least one year and who applies for transfer to this grade of membership within ninety days after graduation in engineering from a recognised institution. RM 50.00 2. who does not fulfil the requirements in (b)(1) above. RM 80.00 (c) Affiliate RM 200.00 (d) Student None Subject to the above, there shall be no other transfer fee payable on changing from one grade of membership to another.

Fees and Annual Subscriptions:

Fees and Annual Subscriptions Annual Subscription The annual subscription payable by membership wherever resident, shall be as follows:- Fellows RM 185.00 Members RM 110.00 Affiliates RM 110.00 Graduates, who on the 1st Jan. have attained the age of 30 RM 110.00 have not attained the age of 30 RM 70.00 Students, who on the 1st Jan. have attained the age of 24 RM 70.00 have not attained the age of 24 RM 20.00 Notwithstanding the above, any student member who has attained the age of 24 years and can produce evidence that he is still a bona fide student of an institution of higher learning or that he is registered for the Institution's Graduate Examination shall pay the same rate as a Student member below the age of 24.

Fees and Annual Subscriptions:

Fellow Entering this grade shall be only by transfer from the grade of member A member for transfer must not be less than 35 years of age and -who have served as Corporate Member of IEM of not less than 5 years employment in position of major responsibility in planning, design, execution or management of important engineering work -Is in a responsible position in his organization and has occupied a prominent position in the profession of engineering , and has either made noteworthy contribution to the science of engineering or materially advanced the practice of engineering -Submits the IEM Form (F) together with Organization chart -Position served to be highlighted -Signatories of 6 engineers of which 4 are members and 2 are Fellow members -Brief tabulation of experience Fees and Annual Subscriptions

Fees and Annual Subscriptions:

Affiliate -Shall be required to produce evidence to the satisfaction of the IEM Council -That he is connected with the engineering profession, and -That he is a graduate from a university / college of recognised standing and has been in the active practice of his special pursuit for not less than five years or -That he has been in active practice of his special pursuit for not less than ten years, and he has had responsible charge in his special pursuit as principal or assistant for not less than three years -Submits application form IEM/PI(1) -Birth certificate -Degree certificate and transcript -Evidence of working experience. Fees and Annual Subscriptions

Fees and Annual Subscriptions:

Graduate -A candidate for admission or transfer into this grade shall be not less than 21 years of age and shall produce evidence to the satisfaction of the IEM Council -That he has graduated in engineering from a recognised university with an accredited engineering degree or has obtained an equivalent qualification. -Submits application form IEM(G) -Birth certificate (only admission cases) -Registration letter as a graduate engineer with the Board of Engineers, Malaysia -Degree and Diploma certificates together with transcripts -Evidence to show discipline/branch of engineering if the information is not in certificate -STPM/SPM/GCE/Matriculation certificate or equivalent -All United Kingdom graduate must produce evidence to show applicant had spent 2 years in the university in United Kingdom. Fees and Annual Subscriptions

Fees and Annual Subscriptions:

Student - A student shall be a person who is not less than 17 years of age - The student should be studying engineering in a recognised university or college of equivalent academic standing or - A student pursuing a course of engineering approved by the IEM Council or - Candidate enrolled for Part I or Part II of the IEM /BEM Graduate Examination or Examination of an overseas professional institution recognised by the IEM Council -Submits application form IEM(S) and -Birth certificate -Diploma Certificate and transcripts -STPM/SPM/GCE certificate or equivalent -Letter from Vice-Chancellor or Head of Department (local university only) or -Approval letter to sit for IEM/BEM Graduate Examination/Engineering Council Examination Fees and Annual Subscriptions

Fees and Annual Subscriptions:

Member -A candidate for election into this grade shall produce evidence to the satisfaction of the IEM Council that he is worthy of election and -That he has a graduate qualification as approved by the IEM Council and -Is a graduate engineer for a minimum period of three to four or six years or based on period specified by IEM/BEM. i.e. -Working experience of 3 years or more for those graduating prior to 1.1.1998 -Working experience of 4-6 years or more (depending on period specify by IEM/BEM) for those graduating after 1.1.1998 -Preferably the candidate must be working under the guidance of a Professional Engineer. -(Working experience means practical experience in engineering in a manner satisfactory to the Council ie in planning, design, executive or management of such works as are comprised within the profession of engineering , or in engineering research, or the teaching of engineering in a course leading to a qualification). or Fees and Annual Subscriptions

Fees and Annual Subscriptions:

That he has had a formal course of education and training to be an engineer, has had at least 15 years' employment in positions of full responsibility in the design and/or execution of engineering work and fulfil the requirements as a special candidate as specified in the Regulations governing the conduct of the Professional Interview and oral Examination - Submits application form IEM/PI (1) and IEM/PI (2)-in duplicates - Birth certificate (only for Election cases) - BEM Registration Letter as a Graduate Engineer (Election cases) -Degree and Diploma certificates together with transcripts - Evidence to show discipline/branch of engineering if the information is not in certificate - STPM/SPM/GCE/Matriculation certificate or equivalent - All United Kingdom graduate must produce evidence to show applicant had spent 2 years in the university in United Kingdom. Fees and Annual Subscriptions

Fees and Annual Subscriptions:

- Payment of PI fees:- -RM 100.00 - for transfer cases -RM 200.00 - for Election cases Form completed with -1 proposer, 3 seconders -Experience clearly tabulated after the date of graduation and breakdown of experience recorded in months -Signatures of 2 engineers to verify experience on each page of the form -For Civil Engineering candidates, at least 1 year site and 1 year design experience are required -Form IEM/PI (3) to be submitted when called for Interview -Name will be circulated in IEM Bulletin for a month -IEM form will be submitted when the Interviewers called for interview Fees and Annual Subscriptions

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