ICT for Teaching and, Research and Learning Process modified

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A paper presented at UGC & DoST Sponsored two days Interdisciplinary National Conference on Information and Communication Technology for Education (ICTE-2013), Jointly organized by Department of Education and Department of Electronics on 4th and 5th March 2013.

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WEL-COME TO The Interdisciplinary National Conference on :

WEL-COME TO The Interdisciplinary National Conference on Information and Communication Technology for Education (ICTE), Jointly Organised by the Departments of Education and Electronics

Use and Awareness of ICT in Teaching and Research Process with Special Reference to Shivaji University, Kolhapur:

Use and Awareness of ICT in Teaching and Research Process with Special Reference to Shivaji University, Kolhapur A Paper Presented by Prof. V. Y. Dhupdale [Deptt. Of Law, Shivaji University, Kolhapur.]

Concept of ICT:

Concept of ICT Includes- collection of hardware and software equipments and programs such as- computers, Internet Technology, email, video conferencing, scanners, digital cameras, OHPs, LCD projectors, multimedia programs, image editing software, database and spreadsheet programs, radio, Television and other audio visual devices.

Limitations of the study:

Limitations of the study ICT includes various audio-visual devices but the present research is concentrated on use of internet technology in learning, research and teaching process. The study is also limited to the teaching faculty, research students and P.G. students of various departments of Shivaji University only.

Advantages of ICT:

Advantages of ICT Plays a major role in the contemporary Research, Teaching and Learning Process. Therefore, its awareness and optimum use among the academicians and students is the need of the hour.

The main objectives of the study::

The main objectives of the study: To identify extent of awareness and use of Internet facilities; To study the best possible use of ICT by faculty, research students and P.G. Students. To explore the actual purpose for which the Internet facility is being used. To highlight various problems that are being faced by the targeted groups while using ICT facilities; To explore and analyse the level of satisfaction among the respondents with the Internet facilities; To propose possible suggestions by which the Internet-based resources can be used adequately and efficiently.

Target Groups:

Target Groups Teaching faculty; Research Students; and P.G. students.

Data Collection and Methodology:

Data Collection and Methodology The data was collected by distributing questionnaires amongst the teaching staff, research students and P. G. students. The random sampling method was applied while choosing the departments and their various courses. Out of the total 310 questionnaires distributed, 100 were given to teaching faculty, 110 were given to research students and 100 were distributed to the P.G. students. Out of the above, 225 were found valid, 50 were collected from teaching faculty, 100 were collected from research scholars and 75 were from the P. G. students. Therefore, the overall response rate was 72.58% from the total valid questionnaires.

About Shivaji University:

About Shivaji University Shivaji University, Kolhapur has recently celebrated its Golden Jubilee. It was established on 18 th November 1962. It had started with just 34 affiliated colleges, 14,000 students and five post-graduate (P.G.) departments. But today it has 280 affiliated colleges with more than two lakh students and 38 P.G. departments.

Development of ICT in Shivaji University, Kolhapur:

Development of ICT in Shivaji University, Kolhapur The university library has more than 3,00,000 books and subscribes to more than 300 journals and 1,277 CD-ROM databases. The University has signed a MoU with Information and Library Network (INFLIBNET), Ahmedabad for Shodhganga – ETD Portal, on 26th September 2011. Digital library ‘Shivaji’ is being built in order to provide access to digitized and digitally born documents. It also provides access to government reports such as NSSO reports, Government of Maharashtra reports etc. This library can be searched by assigning keywords on interested topics.

Development of ICT in Shivaji University, Kolhapur…Contd…:

Development of ICT in Shivaji University, Kolhapur… Contd … The library is available for access within university Intranet [LAN]. With the latest news appeared in The Times of India, Shivaji University ranks 17, among 50 universities, in the use of the UGC Infotech Digital library consortium (Source: More varsity students access e-journals, appeared in the Times of India, 28 th February 2013, Kolhapur Ed.). Around 50 universities, across the country have been granted direct and free access to the UGC digital consortium, which has a collection of more than 7,000 journals and periodicals in social sciences, engineering and scientific research.

Development of ICT in Shivaji University, Kolhapur…Contd…:

Development of ICT in Shivaji University, Kolhapur… Contd … It is an Internet Protocol (IP) based access system, which can be only used from respective university campus. The advantage of these e-journals is that they can be downloaded easily and it automatically records the number of hits and responses. The Shivaji University, Kolhapur ranks 17 on the basis of number of hits on these e-journals. Almost 1.5 lakh hits were generated in the year 2012. The University has also purchased ‘Scopus’ and ‘Lisa’ databases which provide access to more than 50 latest e-journals other than UGC consortium.

Analysis and discussion :

Analysis and discussion Category Frequency Yes No Teaching Faculty 50 50 0 Research Students 100 100 0 P.G. Students 75 75 0 Average % 100 100 0 Table No.1 : Familiarity with Internet Technology Frequency Familiarity with Internet Technology: The result reveals that 100% from each category of respondents are familiar with the internet technology.

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Table No.2 : Use of Internet Technology . Category Less than one year 1 to 2 years 2 to 4 years More than 4 years Any Other Teaching Faculty 0 5 10 35 0 Research Students 8 20 22 43 0 P.G. Students 10 20 15 30 0 Average % 8.00 20.00 20.88 48.00 0 Experience of using Internet Technology: Majority of the respondents have an experience of using Internet Technology for more than 4 years i.e. about 48%. It is also observed that the research students are having more access of internet technology than any other respondents.

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Category Daily 2-3 times a week Once in a week Fortnightly Monthly Sometimes Any Other Teaching Faculty 37 5 4 0 0 4 0 Research Students 65 30 4 0 0 1 0 P.G. Students 15 42 18 0 0 0 0 Average % 52.00 34.22 11.55 0 0 2.22 0 Table: 3 . Frequency of Internet use . Frequency of using internet technology: In order to collect this information, the respondents were asked to indicate any of the six options. The results show that more than half respondents use the internet facility daily and more than one third use it for 2 to 3 times a week.

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Category Pvt. Internet Caf é Computer Lab Central Library Department Home Others Teaching Faculty 10 8 0 22 22 1 Research Students 29 30 8 37 12 5 P.G. Students 30 20 0 15 17 30 Average % 30.66 25.77 3.55 32.88 22.66 16.00 Table: 4 . Places of Internet access Place of access of the Internet Technology: A majority of respondents reported that they accessed the Internet through the department, more than 1/3 rd through their Private Internet Café, while about more than 1/4 th use a computer lab and about more than 1/5 th use it at home. Places such as Departments and home were the most popular amongst the teaching faculty, while research scholars chose Private Internet Café, Computer lab.

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Category Research Education Entertainment Communication Any Other Teaching Faculty 45 23 10 22 2 Research Students 59 27 18 20 2 P.G. Students 12 35 14 37 3 Average % 51.55 37.77 18.66 35.11 3.11 Purpose of use of Internet Technology: More than 1/2 of the respondents use Internet technology for research purpose. Out of the total respondents more than1/3 rd respondents use it for education, about equal amount respondents use it for communication with other colleagues and editors of journals for the purpose of publication and finally only 18.66% of the respondents use it for entertainment purpose. Table: 5 . Purpose of Internet Use.

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Category On-line Journals Reports Electronic Thesis E-Books Reference Documents Conference Proceedings Any Other Teaching Faculty 50 17 5 22 21 9 0 Research Students 45 18 17 33 31 13 0 P.G. Students 30 12 20 13 13 0 0 Average % 55.55 18.43 18.66 30.22 28.88 5.77 0 Table: 6 . Use of Internet resources Internet Resources: The result reveals that more than 55.55% percent of respondents use the Internet technology for the purpose of on-line journals, while more than 30% respondents use e-books and some respondents make use it for other kinds of internet resources.

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Category URL / Website Internet gateways Search Engines Any Other Teaching Faculty 24 4 48 0 Research Students 43 23 65 5 P.G. Students 35 21 38 0 Average % 45.33 21.33 67.11 2.22 Table: 7 . Browsing Methods of information from the Internet Methods of Browsing the Internet: More than 3/5 th of respondents use search engines, while 2/5th use the web addressed/URL directly and more than 1/5 th use Internet gateways, etc.

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Category Google Alta Vista Yahoo Rediff MSN Khoj Any Other Teaching Faculty 50 0 15 10 1 1 1 Research Students 73 11 27 31 1 3 2 P.G. Students 50 1 24 11 1 0 1 Average % 76.88 5.33 29.33 23.11 1.33 1.77 1.77 Table: 8 . Use of Search engines Use of Search Engine: The result shows that Google is one of the most preferred search engines which is 76.88% percent of the total respondents.

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Category DG www SE Chatting FTP FAQs E-mail Any Other Teaching Faculty 9 25 19 14 6 9 49 0 Research Students 16 34 25 15 8 7 98 0 P.G. Students 0 70 74 62 12 10 75 0 Average % 11.11 61.33 61.33 49.33 11.55 11.55 71.11 0 Table: 9 . Awareness of Internet services Awareness of various Internet Services: In this table 71.11% of respondents chose e-mail as the most important Internet services, more than 3/5 th of the respondents chose search engine and equal amount of respondents chose www as their favourite internet services.

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Category SS FRI LT IO DP II Any Other Teaching Faculty 50 17 3 24 48 15 0 Research Students 86 20 18 15 86 40 0 P.G. Students 68 32 11 0 65 10 0 Average % 90.66 30.66 14.22 17.33 88.44 28.88 0 Table: 10. Difficulties in accessing the Internet facilities . Difficulties faced by the respondents during the utilization of internet facilities: The result shows that about 90% of the total respondents face the problem of slow speed internet, whereas about 1/4 th of the respondents face the problem of downloading and finally finding relevant information is also a problem to more than 1/3rd respondents.

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Category Fully Partially Least Satisfied Not Satisfied No Comments Any Other Answer Teaching Faculty 10 25 0 0 15 0 Research Students 6 34 24 26 10 0 P.G. Students 9 18 8 40 0 0 Average % 11.11 34.22 14.22 29.33 11.11 0 Table: 11 . Satisfaction with Internet facilities Satisfaction from the use of Internet facilities in the University: We can conclude that 34.22% ie, nearly more than 1/3 rd of respondents are partially satisfied with Internet facilities, whereas more than 1/5 th are not satisfied at all.

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Research Findings: Teaching staff and Research students have more experience in accessing internet facilities. Department and internet café are the two most favourite places for accessing internet. Internet technology is mostly used to research and education purpose only. On-line journals are the most popular internet resources utilized by the respondents. Search Engine is the most popular methods of internet access for the 67.11% of the respondents. About 76.88% respondents use Google as their most popular search engines. E-mail services are the most useful internet services utilized by 71.11% of respondents. Some of the major difficulties faced by the respondents include, slow internet speed, downloading problem, finding relevant information and information overload.

Conclusion::

Conclusion: In today’s world of knowledge economy, Internet plays a major role in communication and dissemination of information. Indian Libraries including our University Library have almost converted themselves into paper-less libraries with the help of ICT. Each transaction whether from electronic cataloging to electronic issuing of books and other material has become popular nowadays. Effective use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) is the need of the hour today. Therefore, a sincere efforts should be taken to install and maintain latest technology in the University for the purpose of promoting better research and learning opportunities to all the stakeholder that aspire to get educated, promoted and developed under its umbrella. Having general knowledge about internet technology will not serve the purpose, a proper training must be given to all students and teaching staff members of the university to improve their ability to work efficiently in education as well as research fields. Some of the students come from villages which are not computer literates. Efforts must be made to train them to become technically sound learners lest they will be considered as educated illiterates.

Recommendations::

Recommendations: With due respects to the Shivaji University’s steps in installing new and high speed broadband capacity internet connections in all its departments, the researcher has attempted to highlight some of the problems faced by the respondents especially P.G. Students while accessing internet facilities from the Internet Section or departments. It is therefore, important to note down the presents problems and an attempt may be made to avoid such problems in the future. The proposed recommendations are as under: Proper and duly updated anti-virus software must be installed in each and every University computer in the entire campus. Frequently slowing down of the server must be looked into seriously so as to avoided inconvenience to the students and their parents during the admission and filling the exam forms. The Computers from the Internet Section must be maintained in good working conditions loaded with all the relevant programmes so as to allow P.G. students and researchers to access them satisfactorily. Computers with latest technology must be given to all the teaching staff of all the departments.

Recommendations:…Contd…:

Recommendations:… Contd … Wi-Fi facilities must be introduced in the campus. Seminars, workshops, symposiums and conferences must be organized to create awareness and give training about proper use of ICT . Free access to all research papers must be made available on the University Website. A full-fledged Computer labs must be installed in each and every department to facilitate not only teaching staff but for all the students of those departments. Personal login names and passwords must be allotted to every individual faculty and students of the university if Wi-Fi facility gets introduced in the campus.

Recommendations:…Contd…:

Recommendations:… Contd … Smart classes with digital boards and mounted LCD projectors must be established in every department. All the examinations of the University must be conducted online. Video conferencing concept must be introduced in all the University Departments. Eduset (through satellite technology) system is also requires to be introduced in all the departments.

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