SOCIAL GROUPS, ETHIC GROUPS

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SOCIAL GROUPS ETHNIC GROUPS Social institutions Social control

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BY s.tarun B.tech ( fsp ) SOCIAL GROUPS ETHNIC GROUPS Social institutions Social control

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SOCIAL GROUPS

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DEFINITION OF SOCIAL GROUP A social group has been defined as two or more humans who interact with one another, share similar characteristics and collectively have a sense of unity.

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TYPES OF SOCIAL GROUPS Social groups are divided into two types Primary groups Secondary groups

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PRIMARY GROUPS   Primary group is typically a small social group whose members share close, personal, enduring relationships. These groups are marked by concern for one another, shared activities and culture, and long periods of time spent together.

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The goal of primary groups is actually the relationships themselves rather than achieving some other purpose. Families and close friends are examples of primary groups

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SECONDARY GROUPS Secondary groups are large groups whose relationships are impersonal and goal-oriented. Some secondary groups may last for many years, though most are short term.

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Examples of secondary groups include: classmates in a college course athletic teams and co-workers.

BY s.tarun B.tech (fsp):

ETHNIC GROUPS

SOCIAL GROUPS :

The terms ethnicity and ethnic group are derived from the Greek word ethnos, normally translated as "nation". The terms refer currently to people thought to have common ancestry who share a distinctive culture. DERIVATION OF WORD ETHNIC GROUP

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Ethnicity or ethnic group is a socially defined category based on common culture or nationality. Ethnicity can but does not have to include common ancestry , cuisine, dressing style, heritage history language, physical appearance, religion symbols, traditions or other cultural factors. DEFINITION OF ETHNIC GROUPS

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EXAMPLES OF ETHNIC GROUPS THAT EXIST IN ANDHRA PRADESH ARE : Telugu people  Urdu people  Kannada people  Marathi people  Oriya people

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SOCIAL INSTITUTIONS Submitted to Mrs.Krishnaveni

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A social institution is an important human organization in a culture group that helps a society to survive. Anthropologists have identified government, religion, education , economy and family as the five basic social institutions that are necessary for a society to survive

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Government is the political organization of a society The purpose of government is to keep order and make group decisions

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Religion represents the moral belief system of a society; it can include ideas about magic, superstition and an explanation about how the universe came about Religion is necessary to determine group values; to have a common belief system

ETHNIC GROUPS:

Education is the institution that passes on essential cultural knowledge to members of a society Education is necessary to pass information and knowledge of the culture from one generation to the next

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The economy of a culture represents the way that resources are used to meet human needs and wants An economy is necessary because it allows people to make a living and determines how to acquire and distribute goods and services

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Family is the first and most basic social unit of society Family is necessary to care for the young, to provide a kinship system for social organization

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Stability of social group Community relation And shared values Social Control

SOCIAL INSTITUTIONS:

Formal means and Informal means MEANS OF SOCIAL CONTROL

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Belief Social suggestion Ideologies Folkways and other INFORMAL MEANS

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Law Education coercion FORMAL MEANS

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To maintain social order To establish a social unity To regulate or control individual behavior To check cultural mal-adjustment NEED OF SOCIAL CONTROL

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