MLA Documentation

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MLA Documentation: A How-To Guide

Why Do Documentation?:

2 Why Do Documentation? To defend against accusations of plagiarism To give credit where credit is due To point interested readers in the right direction should they want to read more

Two Elements of MLA Documentation:

3 Two Elements of MLA Documentation In-text (parenthetical) citations Bibliographical citations (Works Cited page) The combination of credit tag and in-text citation should give the reader enough info that they can go back to the Works Cited page and find the source that you're referring to without confusion.

In-text citation: print works with one author:

4 In-text citation: print works with one author Give the author’s name and page number after a quote or paraphrase Give only the page number if the author’s name appears in a signal phrase Use an ellipsis (...) to show where parts of the original text have been deleted Use brackets [ ] to show information that you have included that does not appear in the original text Includes books, magazines, newspaper articles

PowerPoint Presentation:

5 Original text: For Jewish-Americans, the nomination of Sen. Joseph Lieberman as the Democrats' candidate for vice-president in 1999 was a source of pride. In-text citations: Lieberman's nomination made the Jewish community proud (Goldman 14). Goldman says that Lieberman's nomination for VP made Jewish-Americans proud (14). Goldman says that "the nomination of...Lieberman...was a source of pride" (14). Goldman states, "For Jewish-Americans, the [1999] nomination of Sen. Joseph Lieberman...was a source of pride" (14).

In-text citation: author quotes someone else:

6 In-text citation: author quotes someone else If the author is quoting someone else in his or her essay, use 'qtd. in' (quoted in) Original text: Marcy Kaptur, Democrat of Ohio, said, “The health care bill that will move forward today is actually a bill about life.” In-text citation: Congresswoman Kaptur calls the health care bill “a bill about life” (qtd. in Herzenhorn and Pear A32).

In-text citation: two print works by the same author:

7 In-text citation: two print works by the same author Use both the author’s name AND a shortened version of the title, with commas after both When the author’s name is used in a credit tag, omit the commas Tony Whitt says that heat is bad ("New Orleans" 25). He also says that heat is worst than cold (Whitt, "New Orleans II," 47).

In-text citation: print works with two, three, or more authors:

8 In-text citation: print works with two, three, or more authors With two authors, use both authors’ names and the page number – with three, use all three and separate them with commas Whitt and Johnson report that some people think Paula Abdul should be burned in effigy (402). In some states, Paula Abdul has already been burned in effigy (Whitt, Johnson, and Phelps 12). With more than four authors, use the first author's name followed by et al. (“and others”) According to some, there are classes far worse than English Composition (Whitt et al. 204).

In-text citation: non-print sources:

9 In-text citation: non-print sources Use a credit tag to indicate the source Parenthetical citation should only be used if you're not certain the reader will know where to look. Interviews: give the name of the person interviewed in the credit tag Television shows or movies: give the name of the show or movie in the credit tag Web pages: give the name of the webpage, the name of the author, or whatever information is available to direct the reader to the correct entry on the Works Cited. For direct quotes, give paragraph numbers, not page numbers! Web pages do not have page numbers! On his web site, Whitt writes, "I don't know why I bore my students with MLA documentation - I really don't” (par. 5).

Works Cited Page:

10 Works Cited Page All in-text citations should give sufficient information to allow the reader to find the matching bibliographical citation on the Works Cited page.

Works Cited Checklist:

11 Works Cited Checklist Did you... ...include the heading “WORKS CITED” (or “WORK CITED”? ...center the heading with no underlining? ...list ONLY the resources that you quoted or paraphrased in your paper? ...list the resources in alphabetical order? ...double-space ALL lines on the Works Cited page? ...indent each line after the first line of each resource? ...distinguish between print and web sources?

Works Cited Checklist:

12 Works Cited Checklist Did you... ...use the correct form of the MLA style for citing each resource? ...check for all of the “picky” punctuation marks, such as periods, for example, at the end of each part of each resource and at the VERY end of the resource listing? ...double-check the parenthetical citations in the body of your paper to make sure you used the same punctuation as on the Works Cited page -- for example, underlining book & magazine titles, and using quotation marks for article titles?

Works Cited:

13 Works Cited Miller, JoAnn. "The Sandwich Generation." Working Mother Jan. 1987: 47-48. Print. "Politics of Sports." Editorial. Chicago Tribune 8 July 1984: B7+. Print. Sandel , Michael J. Justice: What's the Right Thing to Do? New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2009. Print. Scalia, Antonin. “God’s Justice and Ours.” Everything's an Argument: with Readings . Eds. Lunsford, Andrea A., John J. Ruszkiewicz , and Keith Walters. 4th ed. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin's, 2007. Print. 887-893. Stefano, Joey. Personal interview. 26 February 2005. Whitt, Tony. Home page. 3 Dec. 2004. Web. 30 Feb. 2005 <http://www.luc.edu>.

Bibliographic citation: books with one author:

14 Bibliographic citation: books with one author List the author’s last name first, followed by the first name and a period Underline the title, followed by a period If the work is a specific edition, list it Give the city the publisher is based in (list the first one in cases where several are listed). Follow with a colon, the publisher’s name, and the publication date Sandel , Michael J. Justice: What's the Right Thing to Do? New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2009. Print.

Bibliographic citation: books with two (or more) authors:

15 Bibliographic citation: books with two (or more) authors List the first author’s last name first, followed by the first name and a comma, then list the second author’s name normally. If there are more than one author, list the first author’s name as above, then list each author’s name normally. Cite the rest the same as a one-author work, making sure to include edition info as needed. Lunsford, Andrea A., John J. Ruszkiewicz, and Keith Walters. Everything's an Argument: with Readings . 4th ed. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin's, 2007. Print.

Bibliographic citation: essay collections with multiple authors:

Bibliographic citation: essay collections with multiple authors List the name of the author whose specific essay you’re citing, last name first, followed by the first name and a period. Then list the name of the essay. List the name of the collection, then list the editors of the collection the same way you would with multiple authors. Cite the rest the same as a one-author work, but list the page range of the essay at the end of the citation. Scalia, Antonin. “God’s Justice and Ours.” Everything's an Argument: with Readings . Eds. Lunsford, Andrea A., John J. Ruszkiewicz, and Keith Walters. 4th ed. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin's, 2007. Print. 887-893.

Bibliographic citation: magazine articles with one author:

17 Bibliographic citation: magazine articles with one author List the author’s last name first, followed by the first name and a period Give the title in quotations, with the period inside the quote Underline the title of the magazine Give the date of publication (daily, weekly, monthly, and so on). Follow with a colon and the page range of the article Follow the same steps for listing multiple authors as you’d follow with books Miller, JoAnn. "The Sandwich Generation." Working Mother Jan. 1987: 47-48. Print.

Bibliographic citation: newspaper or magazine articles with no author listed:

18 Bibliographic citation: newspaper or magazine articles with no author listed Give the title in quotations, with the period inside the quote – do not start with words like “the”. If the article is an editorial, indicate this Underline the title of the magazine or paper Give the date of publication (daily, weekly, monthly, and so on). Follow with a colon and the page range of the article With newspapers, give the first page and indicate if the article continues on another page "Politics of Sports." Editorial. Chicago Tribune 8 July 1984: B7+. Print.

Bibliographic citation: personal interviews:

19 Bibliographic citation: personal interviews Give the name of the person interviewed (last name, first name) followed by a period Indicate that it’s a personal interview, and follow with a period Give the date of the interview If the interviewee wishes to remain anonymous, come up with a pseudonym and use it both here and within the in-text citations. Stefano, Joey. Personal interview. 26 February 1998. “Stupid Smurf.” Personal interview. 26 January 2003.

Bibliographic citation: web pages:

20 Bibliographic citation: web pages Give all possible info – if you have an author’s name, give it; if you have a webpage title, give it ALWAYS give the date of access. If the page has a “Last Updated” date, give that date first, then list the date of access ALWAYS list the URL address (use TinyURL.com as needed). When there is no author’s name or webpage title, give a description for the title. Whitt, Tony. Personal web site. 3 Dec. 2004. Web. 30 Feb. 2005 <http://www.luc.edu>.

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