Fossil Fuels

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Fossil Fuels : 

Fossil Fuels ~**Tayyba Khan**~

What are fossil fuels? : 

What are fossil fuels? Fossil Fuels are natural substances made deep within the earth from the remains of ancient plants and animals.

Types of fossil fuels? : 

Types of fossil fuels? Oil Natural gas Coal

How is coal formed? : 

How is coal formed? Coal is called a fossil fuel because it was formed from the remains of vegetation that grew as long as 400 million years ago. It is often referred to as "buried sunshine," because the plants which formed coal captured energy from the sun through photosynthesis to create the compounds that make up plant tissues. The most important element in the plant material is carbon, which gives coal most of its energy.

Different stages of coal formation : 

Different stages of coal formation Main types of coal - anthracite, bituminous and lignite. Anthracite-hardest, more carbon, higher energy content Bituminous-In between Lignite-softest, low in carbon, high in oxygen content and hydrogen Peat-precursor (a substance from which another substance is formed) to coal

Coal as a fossil fuel : 

Coal as a fossil fuel Coal has been used to heat up homes and make electricity as well. The heat from coal is used to make pottery and cement as well as grass.

Oil formation : 

Oil formation Oil was formed from the remains of animals and plants that lived millions of years ago in a water environment before the dinosaurs. Over millions of years, the remains of these animals and plants were covered by layers of sand and silt. Heat and pressure from these layers helped the remains turn into what we today call crude oil. The word "petroleum" means "rock oil" or "oil from the earth."

Oil as a fossil fuel : 

Oil as a fossil fuel Used for petroleum products and motor gasoline. Products made from petroleum: Ink, crayons, Dishwashing liquids, Deodorant, Eyeglasses, CDs, DVDs, Tires, Ammonia

Natural gas formation : 

Natural gas formation Methane is a gas or compound that has one carbon atom and four hydrogen atoms as well.

Natural gas as a fossil fuel : 

Natural gas as a fossil fuel Natural gas has been used in variety of ways to produce steel, glass, paper, brick and electricity.

What are Refineries? Their Importance? : 

What are Refineries? Their Importance? A refinery is a factory that takes a raw material and transforms it into petrol and hundreds of other useful product and it is important because many products like gasoline wouldn’t be made without refineries.

Exxon Valdez : 

Exxon Valdez Unprecedented underwater leak spreads oil across the northern Gulf of Mexico between the mouth of the Mississippi River and Florida. Coast Guard says remote underwater cameras detect the well is leaking 1,000 barrels of crude oil per day. The Interior Department orders safety inspections of all 30 deepwater drilling rigs and 47 deepwater production platforms. The Coast Guard says the leak will affect the Gulf shore. U.S. officials close areas affected by the spill to fishing for an initial period of 10 day.

Deep water horizon : 

Deep water horizon The incident was an offshore drilling incident in the Gulf Of Mexico, causing the deep water spill. Workers tried to put fire off by using water, because of this there was more oil flowing in the gulf of Mexico. Many animals and habitats were destroyed, which was a new threat of plants and animals.

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