Transition

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Transition : 

Transition SPE 418 Dr. Teresa J. Gardner Jacksonville State University

Transition Services-Defined : 

Transition Services-Defined The Individuals With Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) defines transition services as: The term “transition services” means a coordinated set of activities for a child with a disability that—

Transition Services-Defined : 

Transition Services-Defined Is designed to be within a results-oriented process that is focused on improving the academic and functional achievement of the child with a disability to facilitate the child’s movement from school to post-school activities, including postsecondary education, vocational education, integrated employment (including supported employment), continuing and adult education, adult services, independent living, or community participation.

Transition Services-Defined : 

Transition Services-Defined Is based on the individual child’s needs, taking into account the child’s strengths, preferences, and interests.

Transition Services-Defined : 

Transition Services-Defined Includes instruction, related services, community experiences, the development of employment and other post-school adult living objectives, and, when appropriate, acquisition of daily living skills and functional vocational evaluation.

Transition Services-Defined : 

Transition Services-Defined Includes appropriate measurable postsecondary goals based upon age-appropriate transition assessments related to training, education, employment, and, where appropriate, independent living skills.

Transition Services-Defined : 

Transition Services-Defined Includes transition services (including courses of study) needed to assist the child in reaching those goals.

Transition Services-Defined : 

Transition Services-Defined Begins no later than the first IEP to be in effect when the child is 16 and updated annually thereafter.

Transition Movement- 1960 : 

Browning, 1997 Transition Movement- 1960 1960s: Work Study Movement 188 federally funded work-study research and demonstration projects Focus on development of work attitudes and behaviors 1,344 cooperative agreements between vocational rehabilitation agencies and special education Emergence of literature on vocational preparation for students with mental retardation

Transition Movement- 1970 : 

Browning, 1997 Transition Movement- 1970 1970s: Career Education Movement Acknowledgement that all students need career education Expansion of the focus from work to adult productivity in work, citizenship, recreation, and friendships Council for Exceptional Children developed the Division of Career Development Focus on observable behavioral and behavior modification Education for All Handicapped Children Act (PL 94-142)

Transition Movement- 1980 : 

Browning, 1997 Transition Movement- 1980 1980s: Transition Movement – Part 1 Enormous increase in the number of children identified as having a learning disability Madeline Will, Commissioner for the Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services, provided a service delivery model for transition Functional assessment linked interventions with outcomes Transition introduced in the Education for All Handicapped Children Act Federal funding for activities to promote the transition from secondary to postsecondary settings

Transition Movement- 1990 : 

Browning, 1997 Transition Movement- 1990 1990s to present: Transition Movement – Part 2 Transition moved from a privilege to an entitlement The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act of 1990 defined transition services Outcomes became more consumer oriented with a focus on self-determination, quality of life, and system’s change Literature on transition became abundant The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act Amendments of 1997 extended transition planning mandate to age 14 The Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004 revised transition planning mandate age back to age 16 and required assessment for planning

Transition-Legislation : 

Transition-Legislation Special Education The Educational for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975, PL 94-142 The Education of all Handicapped Act Amendments of 1983 and 1986 The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act of 1990, PL 101-476 The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act Amendments of 1997, PL 105-17 The Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004

Transition-Legislation : 

Transition-Legislation Rehabilitation The Vocational Rehabilitation Act of 1973, PL 93-112 The Rehabilitation Act Amendments of 1983 and 1986 The Rehabilitation Act Amendments of 1992, PL 102-569 The Rehabilitation Act Amendments of 1998, Title IV of PL 105-220 (Workforce Investment Act of 1998) The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990

Transition-Legislation : 

Transition-Legislation Vocational-Technical Education The Vocational Education Act of 1963 and the 1968 Amendments The Vocational Education Act Amendments of 1976, PL 94-482 The Carl D. Perkins Vocational Education Act of 1984, PL 98-524 The Carl D. Perkins Vocational and Applied Technology Education Act Amendments of 1990, PL 101-392 The Carl D. Perkins Vocational and Applied Technology Act Amendments of 1998, PL 105-332

Transition-Legislation : 

Transition-Legislation Work Force Training The Comprehensive Employment and Training Act of 1973 and the 1978 Amendments The Job Training Partnership Act, PL 97-300 The Job Training Partnership Act Amendments of 1986 and Reform Amendments of 1992 The Workforce Investment Act (WIA) of 1998, PL 105-220

Transition-Legislation : 

Transition-Legislation Reform Efforts: Assessments, Standards, Accountability Goals 2000, PL 103-227 The School-to-Work Opportunity Act of 1994, PL 103-239 Improving America’s Schools Act of 1994, PL 103-382 No Child Left Behind Act of 2001, PL 107-110 The Higher Education Act Amendments of 1998, PL 105-244