MI 101 Lesson 8 A & B audio - First Missionary Journey


Presentation Description

Paul's first missionary journey and a discussion of Paul's church planting methods


Presentation Transcript

The Life and Ministry of the Apostle Paul:

The Life and Ministry of the Apostle Paul MI 511 Dr. Robert Patton

The Life and Ministry of the Apostle Paul:

The Life and Ministry of the Apostle Paul Lesson 4 – The First Missionary Journey

Serving the Lord:

Serving the Lord Five men were serving the Lord not only with work but also with fasting and prayer The Holy Spirit spoke to them to separate out Barnabas and Saul – the senior pastor and best teacher They fasted and prayed again, and then sent them off

Note well:

Note well Who was really the director? The Holy Spirit They heard His voice by fasting and prayer They were sent out by the church as their representatives Note that they reported back to the church later.

Paul made 3 great missionary journeys:

Paul made 3 great missionary journeys The first journey he went with Barnabas to Cypress, and then through Galatia and nearby regions. John Mark, who went with them, abandoned them part way through the journey. They had great success despite great persecution, including stoning Paul.

Paul’s missionary journeys:

Paul’s missionary journeys

First and second journeys:

First and second journeys

Detail first journey:

Detail first journey

The first missionary journey:

The first missionary journey Cypress was Barnabas home area, and Galatia was not far from Tarsus for Paul They began in the Jewish synagogues first, and then to the gentiles. They reached god-fearing gentiles (not yet circumcised and immersed as proselytes)

Initial travel to Cypress:

Initial travel to Cypress Barnabas was a Levite from Cypress Paul was already trained as a rabbi, and well qualified to teach anywhere


Cypress Barnabas, Paul and Mark started at Salamis, nearest to Asia They traversed the entire island, coming to Paphos , where the government seat was, and there was worship of Aphrodite.


Paphos They arrived to speak at Sergius Paulus, the proconsul, who wanted to hear the word of God They were opposed by Elymas , or Bar-Jesus, a Jewish sorcerer Paul challenged him and he was blinded

Paul blinds Elymas:

Paul blinds Elymas

Power encounter:

Power encounter This was an example of a power encounter in spiritual warfare. The usual challenge may be that of a TRUTH encounter, but this is a direct power encounter, which is more common in a pure pagan situation Sergius Paulus was astonished and apparently did get saved

Paul and company:

Paul and company We find that it is now Paul and his company leaving, as he assumes the lead They travel by ship to Perga , on the coast of modern Turkey. John Mark left and returned to Jerusalem for uncertain reason

To Antioch in Pisidia:

To Antioch in Pisidia Traveled about 100 miles into the highlands of Turkey Area with many bandits, dangerous and physically demanding Antioch is a Roman colony Started to preach in the synagogue

Antioch of Pisidia today in southern Turkey:

Antioch of Pisidia today in southern Turkey

Into Antioch:

Into Antioch In Antioch, they saw many devout pagans who had left idolatry and immorality saved in the synagogue. Paul’s message: Acts 13: 38] Be it known unto you therefore, men and brethren, that through this man is preached unto you the forgiveness of sins :[ 39] And by him all that believe are justified from all things, from which ye could not be justified by the law of Moses .

Paul preaching in the synagogue:

Paul preaching in the synagogue Paul begins in OT with the Exodus Then promises of David

Paul’s preaching in Antioch:

Paul’s preaching in Antioch He concludes by showing David died, but Jesus did not. He mentions justification by Christ, and the forgiveness of sins – which the law of Moses could not do

Paul was effective:

Paul was effective Many God-fearers and some heathen were attracted to the message Many showed up the next week, but the Jews rejected the message. Paul showed that he would turn to the gentiles.

Paul’s message in Antioch:

Paul’s message in Antioch Acts 13:[46] Then Paul and Barnabas waxed bold, and said, It was necessary that the word of God should first have been spoken to you: but seeing ye put it from you, and judge yourselves unworthy of everlasting life, lo, we turn to the Gentiles .[ 47] For so hath the Lord commanded us, saying, I have set thee to be a light of the Gentiles, that thou shouldest be for salvation unto the ends of the earth.

Expelled from Antioch:

Expelled from Antioch Jews created problems with Honorable women Chief men of the city They expelled Paul & Barnabas, who shook off the dust from the sandals against them They walked 90-100 miles to Iconium


Iconium Started in the synagogue, and many Jews and Greeks believed – but with immediate opposition from the Jews who did NOT believe Stayed a long time – more than other locations – and the city was divided Opposition with assault – from the Jews, Gentiles and rulers

Iconium, Lystra, Derbe:

Iconium , Lystra , Derbe First to the Jews As the word is preached, some Jews, some proselytes and some heathen are saved. Often Paul shows miracles. Then the unsaved Jews rise up and thrust them out to another town


Lystra In Lystra and Derbe , they saw raw heathen saved – pure idolaters Note the sequence: Paul healed a congenitally lame man when he saw that he had faith to be healed. The people claimed that Paul was Mercury and Barnabas Jupiter and they had returned to them


Lystra They had a tradition that gods had visited them and were not properly received, and the gods punished them. So they will not make the same mistake now…. The priest of Jupiter brought oxen to sacrifice Paul & Barnabas tore their clothes and stopped the worship


Lystra P aul and Barnabas do not understand the local language, but realize they are being worshipped and stop the people, and preach the gospel Paul preaches – but not like Antioch of Pisidia These are raw heathen, and he begins with God the creator.


Lystra However, when jews came from Antioch and Iconium , they persuaded the fickle heathen to stone Paul, and dragged him out of the city as if he were dead… or perhaps he was dead Believers gather around and he revives

Lystra today, where Paul was stoned - Turkey:

Lystra today, where Paul was stoned - Turkey


Lystra Paul recovers and went into Lystra again, and then went to Derbe , 30 miles away. He then turned around and returned again to Lystra before going to the other towns. Timothy was a young man from Lystra , and probably witnessed Paul’s stoning

What does Paul do?:

What does Paul do? He does NOT abandon his newly planted churches. He preached the gospel He taught many He confirmed the souls of the disciples

What does Paul do?:

What does Paul do? He confirmed the souls of the disciples He exhorted them to continue in the faith He warned them about trouble and tribulation He ordained elders in he churches He prayed and fasted He commended them to the Lord

Is this the Pauline method?:

Is this the Pauline method? Remember that he did not plan to be chased out of town on numerous occasions When he stayed in Ephesus, his Bible school sent students into the surrounding cities But his goal was clearly to form self-sufficient, self-governing churches with the task of reaching out and starting other churches

Note on the first missionary journey:

Note on the first missionary journey Confrontation with demonism – the tovenaar in Cyprus but also the pagan religion in Lystra Persecution – driven out of cities, but especially the stoning of Paul We believe this was about 2 years long, from 46-48 AD, followed by about 2 years in Antioch

Introduction to Missions Lecture 8B “Pauline Methods” :

Introduction to Missions Lecture 8B “Pauline Methods” MI Dr. Robert Patton

The Ministry Method of the Apostle Paul:

The Ministry Method of the Apostle Paul How Paul Worked


Goals In Acts 14:21-23, Paul demonstrated eight different verbs demonstrating his method of operation We will study those verbs to see how we can work using his method

Acts 14:21-23:

Acts 14:21-23 And when they had preached the gospel to that city, and had taught many, they returned again to Lystra , and to Iconium , and Antioch, Confirming the souls of the disciples, and exhorting them to continue in the faith, and that we must through much tribulation enter into the kingdom of God. And when they had ordained them elders in every church, and had prayed with fasting , they commended hem to the Lord, on whom they believed.

Paul’s preaching:

Paul’s preaching Preach the gospel” Gk. Evangelize Gospel: the prophesied and witnessed death, burial, and resurrection of Jesus Christ (I Corinthians 15:1-8)

Paul’s message:

Paul’s message Acts 13:38-46; 17:3 Opening and alleging, that Christ must needs have suffered, and risen again from the dead, and that this Jesus, whom I preach unto you, is Christ . 18 :5 And when Silas and Timotheus were come from Macedonia, Paul was pressed in the spirit, and testified to the Jews that Jesus was Christ

Paul’s manner of preaching:

Paul’s manner of preaching Acts 17:17 Therefore disputed he in the synagogue with the Jews, and in the market daily with them that met with him. , 20:17-21 And from Miletus he sent to Ephesus, because he would not spend the time in Asia, for he hasted , if it were possible for him, to be at Jerusalem the day of Pentecost . And from Miletus he sent to Ephesus, and called the elders of the church.

Paul’s manner of preaching:

Paul’s manner of preaching And when they were come to him, he said unto them; Ye know, from the first day that I came unto Asia, after what manner I have been with you in all seasons, Serving the Lord with all humility of mind, and with many tears, and temptations, which befell me by the lying in wait of the Jews. And how I kept back nothing that was profitable unto you, but publicly and from house to house, testifying both to the Jews, and also to the Greeks, repentance toward God, and faith toward our Lord Jesus Christ.

Paul taught (discipled) many:

Paul taught ( discipled ) many Acts 20:27 For I have not shunned to declare unto you all the counsel of God Matthews 28:18-20 And Jesus came a nd spake unto them saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth. Go ye therefore, and teach all nations , baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you ; and lo, I am with you always, even unto the end of the world.

Paul’s follow-up (he returned):

Paul’s follow-up (he returned) At Lystra , Paul was stoned. But he arose and returned to the city. Then they returned after Derbe , whereas they could have easily continued to walk toward Tarsus instead .

Paul’s follow-up (he returned):

Paul’s follow-up (he returned) ( Acts 15:36) And some days after Paul said unto Barnabas, Let us go again and visit our brethren in every city where we have preached the word of the Lord, and see how they do. This was the beginning of Paul’s second missionary journey (next lesson)

Paul’s strengthening believers:

Paul’s strengthening believers “ Confirming the souls of the disciples” Gk. Establish; Strengthen Result of Paul’s returning Paul confirmed through exhortation and ordination of elders

Paul’s exhortation:

Paul’s exhortation “ Exhorting them to continue in the faith” and recognize that tribulation is a part of entering the kingdom Acts 20:1-2, And after the uproar was ceased, Paul called unto him the disciples… and had given them much exhortation, he came to Greece .

Much admonition (Acts 20:28-31) :

Much admonition (Acts 20:28-31) Take heed therefore unto yourselves, and to all the flock, over the which the Holy Ghost hath made you overseers, to feed the church of God, which he hath purchased with his own blood, For I know this, that after my departing shall grievous wolves enter in among you, not sparing the flock.

Much admonition (Acts 20:28-31) :

Much admonition (Acts 20:28-31) Also of your own selves shall men arise, speaking perverse things, to draw away disciples after them. Therefore watch, and remember, that by the space of three years I ceased not to warn every one night and day with tears.

Paul ordained:

Paul ordained Ordained them elders in every church” to be pastors Gk. Vote by stretching out the hand Used sons in the faith: Titus 1:5 For this cause I left thee in Crete, that thou shouldest set in order the things that are wanting, and ordain elders in every city, as I had appointed thee.

Prayer and Fasting:

Prayer and Fasting “ Prayed with fasting” Acts 20:36 And when he had thus spoken, he kneeled down, and prayed with them all .

Prayer and Fasting:

Prayer and Fasting Acts 13:2 As they ministered to the Lord, and fasted, the Holy Ghost said, Separate me Barnabas and Saul for the work whereunto I have called them. And when they had fasted and prayed , and laid their hands on them, they sent them away.

Paul entrusted (commended):

Paul entrusted (commended) Paul followed this pattern rigorously unless providentially hindered. Stage 1 – Sermon and Rehearsal (Acts 20:17-35) Stage 2 – Entrusting them to the Lord (Acts 20:32) And now, brethren, I commend you to God, and to the word of his grace, which is able to build you up, and to give you an inheritance among all them which are sanctified. .

Paul entrusted (commended):

Paul entrusted (commended) . Stage 3 – Reminder to think selflessly, think of others (Acts 20:35) I have showed you all things, how that so laboring ye ought to support the weak, and to remember the words of the Lord Jesus, how he said, It is more blessed to give than to receive.

God alters Paul’s plans:

God alters Paul’s plans The Spirit of God (Acts 16:6, 7) Now when they had gone throughout Phrigia and the region of Galatia, and were forbidden of the Holy Ghost to preach the word in Asia , After they were come in Mysia , they assayed to go into Bithynia, but the Spirit suffered them no t. And passing by Mysia , came down to Troas.

Persecution alters plans:

Persecution alters plans Acts 17:13-15) But when the Jews of Thessalonica had knowledge that the word of God was preached of Paul at Berea, they came thither also, and stirred up the people. And then immediately the brethren sent away Paul to go as it were to the sea, but Silas and Timotheus abode there still. And they that conducted Paul brought him unto Athens: and receiving a commandment unto Silas and Timotheus for to come to him with all speed, they departed.  


Nationalization Nationalization is important, and is God’s plan Follow-up and discipleship is key Avoid dependency Trust the Holy Spirit to guide the national church, and commend them to God