MI 101 Lesson 17A - Great Missionaries I

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Missions History of Missions:

Missions History of Missions Dr. Robert Patton Missionary to Suriname, South America

David Brainerd:

David Brainerd Brainerd was brilliant, a top student at Yale, and involved in a revival He made an inappropriate comment about a faculty member in private, but the school confronted him and he was dismissed. He was offered two excellent opportunities to pastor, but turned them down, believing God was calling him to minister to the Indians

David Brainerd:

David Brainerd He went off on his own rather than working under a successful senior missionary For a few years, he struggled with ill health His original interpreter was often drunk – later got saved, and his wife. First years were very discouraging

David Brainerd:

David Brainerd

David Brainerd:

David Brainerd Travel was difficult. Food was bad. Housing was also poor He became depressed, spent much time in prayer. Brainerd’s prayer life was exemplary, and a great challenge to all who read his diary

David Brainerd:

David Brainerd Later after much prayer, there was true revival and he was able to organize a church. His health deteriorated cutting short his life. Jonathan Edwards published his diary He ended up with TBC dying in the home of Jonathan Edwards. Jerusha Edwards, whom he had hoped to marry, died of TBC several months later.

David Brainerd:

David Brainerd David Brainerd - his diary and prayer life was extremely moving became a devotional classic His diary proved the inspiration of several future missionaries, including William Carey, Jim Elliot, and Henry Martyn, and pastors like Robert McCheyne God greatly used his devotion to Him in the lives of other missionaries.

William Carey – father of modern missions (1761-1834):

William Carey – father of modern missions (1761-1834) Born 1761 the son of a weaver Apprenticed as a shoemaker because allergies prevented his being a gardener Converted as a teen through a coworker Married the daughter of his master, Dorothy, who was 5 years his senior

William Carey and Serempore College:

William Carey and Serempore College

William Carey – father of modern missions (1761-1834):

William Carey – father of modern missions (1761-1834) Became a pastor and gradually realized the church’s responsibility to the heathen despite the influence of Reformed theology He wrote the classic 87 page book concerning missions Preached a classic sermon : Expect great things from God; attempt great things for God. A Baptist missionary society was begun

William Carey – father of modern missions (1761-1834):

William Carey – father of modern missions (1761-1834) He offered to accompany Dr. John Thomas who was appointed – had been to India before. His wife as well as his family were strongly opposed. She was pregnant with their fourth child, and refused to go. His original plan to go with Thomas and his family, along with his 8 month son, was stopped because Thomas must settle debts before leaving

William Carey – father of modern missions (1761-1834):

William Carey – father of modern missions (1761-1834) Dorothy changed her mind, and went with the new baby and her sister Kitty arriving in India in 1793 They moved because of pressure from the East India company to a swampy area, later helped by Mr Short from the company Carey moved 300 miles north, and was the foreman of an indigo plant

William Carey:

William Carey After the death of their 5 year old son, his wife went crazy and accused him of adultery and tried to kill him He was depressed, but started a church and translation, but no convert for 7 years at Malda He then moved to Serempore , under Danish control, where he was for 34 years

William Carey:

William Carey Marshman and Ward were there, plus Marshman’s wife – and worked well as a team He translated the entire Bible in 3 languages though some needed much reworking, and the New Testament in 23 other languages Carey revised the Bengali 8 times, and it has still been replaced. Marshman translated the Bible into Chinese – though not idiomatic

William Carey:

William Carey Set up a large printing operation, and eventually Serempore College for training nationals He became Professor of Oriental Languages at Fort William College, which help with income and influence with the British

William Carey:

William Carey He neglected his family; fortunately others helped them Dorothy died age 51 Six months later he married Lady Charlotte Rumhor , a Dane, whom he saw converted and baptized earlier despite opposition. The marriage was happy for 13 years and she mothered his boys

William Carey:

William Carey Charlotte helped translation work. After her death, he married Grace Hughes at age 62 (she was 45) – again a happy marriage When younger missionaries came, there was a split and the younger missionaries set up another station a few miles away.

William Carey:

William Carey The new missionaries had support of the Baptist Mission society, who insisted in running the mission from a distance Eventually Serempore severed relationships, but had to rescind when finances became a problem London began to run missions in areas they did not know with missionaries they had never met

William Carey:

William Carey Four of his own sons became missionaries Two of his co-workers, Ward and Marshman , were also recognized as great missionaries as well

William Carey – father of modern missions (1761-1834):

William Carey – father of modern missions (1761-1834) He had started training nationals He also opposed suttee, but basically tried to leave the Indian culture intact He wanted an indigenous church with indigenous culture. He was also an expert botanist He lived modestly and supported other missionaries

Principles of Carey’s mission work:

Principles of Carey’s mission work Widespread preaching the gospel at every opportunity Distribution of the Bible in the languages of the people Establishment of a church as soon as possible Study background and thought of the native people Training for indigenous ministry

Missions History of Missions:

Missions History of Missions Dr. Robert Patton Missionary to Suriname, South America

Adoniram Judson:

Adoniram Judson Brilliant, graduated valedictorian from Brown University at age 19. However, he was influenced by deist Jacob Eames and went to New York to be a playwright. He had no success, and stopped at an inn when he heard the terrible groans of James Eames, who he heard die.

Adoniram Judson:

Adoniram Judson His father and others started Andover seminary, and he attended as a special student and got saved. He vowed to be a missionary after hearing a British minister He went to get support under the London Missionary Society, but they did not want to fund an American missionary

Adoniram Judson:

Adoniram Judson He returned when he heard that the American board had received a sizeable inheritance He married Ann Nancy Hasseltine , who was truly called to missions 13 days later they headed for India, and en route made an extensive study of baptism. They were baptized by William Ward in Serempore

Adoniram Judson:

Adoniram Judson

Adoniram Judson:

Adoniram Judson Luther Rice came to the same conclusion. Both resigned their board. Luther Rice went back to raise support through formaton of a Baptist board. The congregationalists were upset, but the Baptists started a board and supported them

Adoniram Judson:

Adoniram Judson They were opposed by the East India Company, and finally went to Burma, Adoniram’s original choice where he was met by Felix Carey, who had started a translation; Ann miscarried on the trip Felix Carey and his wife soon left Burma Adoniram and his wife spent up to 12 hours a day studying Burmese. Ann learned the spoken language quickly, but her husband struggled with the written language.

Adoniram Judson:

Adoniram Judson Initial life in Burma very difficult The Burmese had Theravada Buddhism, the most difficult, and the king was despotic The war with Britain made things difficult, as did the weather and no European colony

Adoniram Judson:

Adoniram Judson He built a zayat as a place to speak to individuals After 7 years of work, he baptized his first convert

Zayat (right); initial convert:

Zayat (right); initial convert

Adoniram Judson:

Adoniram Judson Health was bad, and Judson went by ship to recover health and get reinforcements from Chittagong, but the ship never arrived, finally returning 8 months later. Opposed by the viceroy and initially by the emperor in Ava

Adoniram Judson:

Adoniram Judson When the British attacked Burma, they imprisoned Judson and Dr. Price, another missionary, as spies, placed them in the death prison and tortured them Ann visited repeatedly and pled for their lives – finally released after 18 months

Judson in prison:

Judson in prison

Adoniram Judson:

Adoniram Judson Judson was in intermediary between the British and Burmese. Before he could return to his wife, she died, and shortly thereafter, the baby Maria also died He became very depressed, built a hut, dug a grave, and sat contemplating it

Adoniram Judson:

Adoniram Judson After 2 years, he recovered and started evangelizing with much greater results. He then translated the Bible over 14 years – two years initially with much revision work. His translation is still used as accurate today! Age 46 he married Sarah Boardman, age 30 whose husband died 3 years earlier. She gave birth to 8 children in 10 years - died after last one en route to the USA

Judson’s Burmese Bible:

Judson’s Burmese Bible

Adoniram Judson:

Adoniram Judson While in the states, he married Emily Chubbock , a young secular writer. He proposed that she write a book on Sarah Boardman Judson. He proposed a month later, and six months later they were married. They were in Burma only 3 years. They had one child. Adoniram died after 3 years while on a sea voyage for his health, and Emily died 3 years later age 36. His ministry was carried on for generations,

Emily Judson:

Emily Judson

George and Sarah Boardman:

George and Sarah Boardman George was moved by the death of a missionary working with Judson and decided to go to Burma. His future wife wrote a poem about the same man. He met her, and they married They arrived in Burma just after the British-Burma war completed

George and Sarah Boardman:

George and Sarah Boardman Pioneer work among the Karen people. George Boardman’s health deteriorated but he saw many saved He finally died of tuberculosis

George Boardman – baptisms as he watches dying of Tbc:

George Boardman – baptisms as he watches dying of Tbc

George and Sarah Boardman:

George and Sarah Boardman George died after 5 years. His wife stayed on starting a girl’s school, caring for a 2 year old, and three years later married Adoniram Judson. Her son was sent to the USA and became a pastor

Sarah Boardman:

Sarah Boardman After marriage, she had many children to care for She was also excellent in language and helped in translation work, hymns and other materials She lived to be 46, and gave birth to 8 children in 10 years She died en route to the USA

Ko Tha Byu:

Ko Tha Byu Their worker, Ko Tha Byu , a former murderer, was effective with a people’s movement which eventually led to 10,000 members He had been a murderer of at least 30 people. After training and baptism, he was a faithful pastor until his death, having seen over 1000 saved

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