MI 101 Lesson 4 audio Missions in the Old Testament

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Tracing the mission outreach of the Old Testament, including the universal approach in Genesis 1-11 and then through the Jews in Genesis 12 through the rest of the Old Testament

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Missions in the Old Testament Lesson 4:

Missions in the Old Testament Lesson 4 MI Dr. Robert Patton

Mission Theology in the Old Testament:

Mission Theology in the Old Testament We are all in Adam, and his fall effected all of us When God promised the seed of the woman would crush the serpent’s head, that victory was also for all of us

Mission Theology in the Old Testament:

Mission Theology in the Old Testament Genesis 3:15 And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise His heel.

Salvation through the seed of the woman – Jesus Christ:

Salvation through the seed of the woman – Jesus Christ Salvation is for all mankind This against narrow election & atonement... It is not universalism, but the human race as such will be saved Salvation comes through a mediator related to humans - seed of the woman

Salvation through the seed of the woman – Jesus Christ:

Salvation through the seed of the woman – Jesus Christ Salvation requires the suffering of the redeemer Salvation will be experienced in history as the fall was experienced in history

God’s redemption substitute:

God’s redemption substitute The clothing of skins is a symbol of the covering of Christ’s righteousness Blood must be shed Death occurs for the innocent victim This principle is universal for all mankind

After sin, God saved:

After sin, God saved Adam & Eve – clothed both, both saved But Cain & Abel – only Abel saved

The dispensation of conscience was universal:

The dispensation of conscience was universal Cain – persecuted righteous Sin starts spreading Enoch walked with God Noah – preacher of righteousness

During the time of conscience, there was a prophet of righteousness:

During the time of conscience, there was a prophet of righteousness Gen. 5:24 En Enoch walked with God, and he was not; for God took him Heb. 11:5 By faith Enoch was translated that he should not see death; and was not found, because God had translated him: for before his translation he had this testimony, that he pleased God.

Enoch was a preacher of righteousness to all people:

Enoch was a preacher of righteousness to all people Jude 14-15 And Enoch also, the seventh from Adam, prophesied of these, saying, Behold, the Lord cometh with ten thousands of his saints, to execute judgment upon all, and to convince all that are ungodly among them of all their ungodly deeds which they have ungodly committed, and of all their hard speeches which ungodly sinners have spoken against Him.

Noah, preacher of righteousness:

Noah, preacher of righteousness Wickedness more and more For 120 years, Noah warned then entire world of coming judgment II Peter 2:5 (God) spared not the old world, but saved Noah, the eighth person, a preacher of righteousness Now only 8 out of millions!

The flood of Noah and the covenant was also universal:

The flood of Noah and the covenant was also universal The salvation of mankind through the ark, a type of Christ, was universal The command to repopulate the world was universal The promise never to destroy the earth again with water was universal

Noah’s predictions were universal:

Noah’s predictions were universal His predictions described the dispersion of the nations God is still the God of all nations, and divides them as He will His promises were to all people

The punishment of the tower of Babel was universal:

The punishment of the tower of Babel was universal Mankind rejected the authority of God once again, and human government rose up against the rule of God Let us make a name for ourselves. Let us not be dispersed over the earth The judgment of languages was universal

Thus we see God working in all of mankind from Genesis 1-11:

Thus we see God working in all of mankind from Genesis 1-11 The fall of mankind was universal The testing of mankind was universal The offering of a substitute for salvation was universal

we see God was working in all of mankind from Genesis 1-11:

we see God was working in all of mankind from Genesis 1-11 God will begin to work through a particular folk, but His goal is still universal – the salvation of all God shall reveal Himself, His truth, and His salvation now through a special folk, the Jews, the offspring of Abraham

The result of natural religion in Genesis 1-11?:

The result of natural religion in Genesis 1-11 ? We see what happened with self-will in the life of Cain and what it brought forth. The judgment of Noah was necessary to stop the proliferation of evil Sin is revived

Natural religion brings death…:

Natural religion brings death … Romans 1:[18] For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who hold the truth in unrighteousness;[19] Because that which may be known of God is manifest in them; for God hath shewed it unto them.

Natural religion brings death…:

Natural religion brings death … Romans 1:[20] For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse:[21] Because that, when they knew God, they glorified him not as God, neither were thankful; but became vain in their imaginations, and their foolish heart was darkened.

Natural religion brings death…:

Natural religion brings death … Romans 1:[22] Professing themselves to be wise, they became fools,[23] And changed the glory of the uncorruptible God into an image made like to corruptible man, and to birds, and fourfooted beasts, and creeping things

God’s revelation through Israel,:

God’s revelation through Israel, Disapproval of all ethnic religions Ethical monotheism God called and chose a particular people to work through

Abraham’s call:

Abraham’s call Genesis 12:1-3 Get thee out of thy country, and from thy kindred, and from thy father’s house, unto a land that I will show thee: and I will make of thee a great nation, and I will bless thee, and make thy name great; and thou shalt be a blessing; and I will bless them that bless thee, and curse him that curseth thee; and in thee shall all the families of the earth be blessed.

Israel’s religion :

Israel’s religion Israel is to be a channel of blessing to all nations - a nation of priests Galatians 3:14 … that the blessing of Abraham might come on the gentiles through Jesus Christ God shows moral character to His people. God does this in grace to save all mankind

God repeated His promise:

God repeated His promise Abraham repeatedly Isaac – the land and the people & blessing Jacob the land and the people & blessing Judah – the scepter shall not depart…

Moses: Israel is the people of God:

Moses: Israel is the people of God Exodus 19:5-6 [5] Now therefore, if ye will obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant, then ye shall be a peculiar treasure unto me above all people : for all the earth is mine:[6] And ye shall be unto me a kingdom of priests, and an holy nation .

Israel challenged:

Israel challenged Israel is challenged to accept the covenant of grace offered Abraham Holy nation – apart for God Kingdom of priests – have a priestly function They are to serve the whole world

Israel’s roles:

Israel’s roles She was to incorporate heathen nations and people into her corporate life – like Rahab , the mixed multitude, etc. She was given 10 commandments and the law so that she could be holy, and the tabernacle for her priestly function

The Davidic covenant:

The Davidic covenant David is a representative of Israel, and his promises are tied in with hers The covenant reiterates the Abrahamic covenant – a land for the people, and a rest for them David is a priestly king as well…

Solomon :

Solomon He expanded the country, and built the temple Jerusalem became a world center and many came to it – example is the Queen of Sheba Israel says: Come and see!

Future work of God:

Future work of God Jerusalem protected by God’s presence in the temple The nations stream to Jerusalem and submit to Israel – centrifugal movement

God, through the prophets, judgesall natural religion:

God, through the prophets, judges all natural religion He shows His moral judgment - 10 commandments Rigid laws hold His people apart God set up His religious system and sacrifices – types of the true salvation through Jesus Christ

Joel:

Joel The nations will be judged But God’s spirit will be poured out on all people Partial fulfillment was at Pentecost

God judges all natural religion:

God judges all natural religion The people realized that God was their God - of Abraham, Isaac & Jacob, the God of the covenants - the seed, the land, the people (nation) The people realized that God had spoken specifically to them through His Word - via Moses, the prophets, etc.

God judges all natural religion:

God judges all natural religion God’s revelation of His character shaped the culture, laws, etc. of the Jews This comes by revelation, and not by man’s wisdom God can be known

Israel’s religion:

Israel’s religion Israel had a deep consciousness of human sin & suffering resulting from unbelief in God God Himself is moral, and there is a way of escape - repentance...

Israel’s religion:

Israel’s religion There is divine salvation & destruction of evil .Always of God .From sin & its consequences . Total salvation based on substitution & suffering This was a universal offer to all men

Israel’s mission in the Old Testament:

Israel’s mission in the Old Testament Abraham shall bless all nations: Gen 12:3, was repeated to Isaac & Jacob, and later in another way to Judah, God made a covenant with Moses - they shall be a nation of priests... Israel is now the servant of Jehovah - esp. Isaiah 40-55.

Israel’s mission in the Old Testament:

Israel’s mission in the Old Testament Priests are mediators, not for themselves alone Israel is to be a holy and separated nation as an example to all other nations Therefore God protects the stranger and his rights uniquely, since He is a God of all nations and peoples

The tabernacle and temple are ultimately for all people:

The tabernacle and temple are ultimately for all people Davidic psalms show universality in their praise to the God of all nations, and call all nations to praise His name The temple is to be a house of prayer for all people In the millenium , all peoples will stream to Zion and worship the Lord

Psalms & missions:

Psalms & missions Psalm 67:2 That thy way may be known upon the earth, thy saving health among all nations . Psalm 100:1 Make a joyful noise unto the Lord, all ye lands , Serve the Lord with gladness; come before His presence with singing; Know ye that the Lord, He is God; it is he that hath made us, and not we ourselves, we are the sheep of His pasture…

The psalms also depict Israel:

The psalms also depict Israel Israel has a key role to reaching the nations, which is outlined in a number of the psalms. Israel comes to the Lord first, followed by the nations The nations will be judged by their response to the messianic King (Ps. 2)

The task of the OT prophet:

The task of the OT prophet He had integrity & independence of mankind - objective truth He was conscious of a divine commission He had the authentication by the Holy Spirit of God

The character of the Old Testament prophet:

The character of the Old Testament prophet Incorruptible verdict & value judgments A sense of personal unworthiness Visions of ultimate triumph of faith

The message of the Old Testament prophet:

The message of the Old Testament prophet The prophet spoke of immediate circumstances in history The prophet spoke also concerning our contemporary society & circumstances The prophet also spoke of messianic prophecies of the future

The example of Isaiah:

The example of Isaiah God called Israel as His messenger Israel’s message is from God, emphasizing ethical monotheism God is the only creator and redeemer

The example of Isaiah:

The example of Isaiah God warns against idolatry - best example is Babylon’s destruction Israel’s mission is to the nations - salvation is to all, and the mediator is via Israel The ideal servant is for all nations. In the servant songs, he suffers for all nations and calls them to Himself

Isaiah:

Isaiah 11:10 And in that day there shall be a root of Jesse, which shall stand for an ensign of the people; to it shall the Gentiles seek : and his rest shall be glorious 52:10 The Lord hath made bare his holy arm in the eyes of all the nations; and all the ends of the earth shall see the salvation of our God… .15 So shall he sprinkle many nations; the kings shall shut their mouths at Him…

Isaiah:

Isaiah 56:7 Even them will I bring to my holy mountain, and make them joyfull in my house of prayer; their burnt-offerings shall be accepted upon mine altar; for mine house shall be called a house of prayer for all people.. 60:3 And the Gentiles shall come to thy light ; and kings to the brightness of thy rising…

Malachi:

Malachi 1:11 from the rising of the sun even unto the going down of the same, my name shall be great among the Gentiles; and in every place incense shall be offered unto my name, and a pure offering: for my name shall be great among the heathen: saith the Lord of Hosts .

Examples of gentile evangelism in the O.T.:

Examples of gentile evangelism in the O.T. Abraham (Gen. 12:1-3) & Moses (Ex. 19:5-6) that Israel will be given as a blessing to many people. Unfortunately, Israel missed her call and tried to squander God’s blessing on themselves

Examples of cross-cultural evangelism in the O.T.:

Examples of cross-cultural evangelism in the O.T . Abraham with his call = missionary, and showed initiative with freeing Lot and praying for Sodom Joseph - saved adjoining countries too

Examples of cross-cultural evangelism in the O.T.:

Examples of cross-cultural evangelism in the O.T . God includes Ruth and Rachab in the line of the messiah Ruth – from Moab Rachab – from Jericho, then heathen

Solomon’s prayer:

Solomon’s prayer I Kings 8:41 Moreover concerning a stranger that is not of thy people Israel, but cometh out of a far country for they name’s sake , (For they shall hear of thy great name, and thy strong hand…when he shall come and pray toward this house, Hear thou in heaven thy dwelling place, and do according to all that the stranger calleth to thee for; that all the people of the earth may know thy name, to fear thee, as do thy people Israel…

Examples of cross-cultural evangelism in the O.T.:

Examples of cross-cultural evangelism in the O.T. The ministry of Elijah to the widow who was close to Sidon – close to the place where Jezebel came from… The healing of Naaman the Syrian leper, a general of the army fighting against Israel Both were quoted by Jesus in His preaching at Nazareth

Examples of cross-cultural evangelism in the O.T.:

Examples of cross-cultural evangelism in the O.T. Daniel was also a sort of missionary to Babylon, but also for his people Esther also had great influence from Babylon

Cross-cultural evangelism in the O.T.:

Cross-cultural evangelism in the O.T. Jonah – revival in Nineveh Sign of resurrection – which is for all people

Gentile witnesses to God:

Gentile witnesses to God Melchizedek was the priest of God the most High… He was a ?heathen king of Salem at the time of Abraham, yet a worshiper of the true God of heaven, and also a type of Christ.

Gentile witnesses of God:

Gentile witnesses of God Job – the most righteous man of his time, about the time of Abraham. He had extensive knowledge of the true God.

Paul preached missions from the Old Testament:

Paul preached missions from the Old Testament He preached from Isaiah about the love of God He also quotes from the law: Deut. 32:43a Rejoice, O ye nations, with his people (Rom. 15:10) And from the psalms: 117:1O praise the Lord, all ye nations; praise him, all ye people (Rom. 15:11) Psalm 118:49 Therefore will I give thanks unto thee, O Lord, among the heathen… (Rom 15:9)

Second temple Judaism:

Second temple Judaism There was no general outreach, though some proselytes were attracted by the lives of the Jews around them Most Jews looked at the reaching of the gentiles as a perogative of God and did no active outreach Many Jews were provincial and concerned by national survival alone

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