MI 361 Persecution Lesson 4 audio too

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Persecution from the apostles to the reformation

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Persecution in the Church:

Persecution in the Church Dr. Robert Patton Missionary to Suriname, South America

Part II Persecution in Church History:

Part II Persecution in Church History From the Time of the Apostles to Present Day

Persecution helped the spread of Christianity:

Persecution helped the spread of Christianity Spread the word by spreading the believers Purify the church Removed apostates and mere professors Strengthen witness through the testimony at death Tertullian: the blood of the martyrs is the seed of the church

John sent to Patmos:

John sent to Patmos

Peter crucified upside down:

Peter crucified upside down

Depiction of Thomas:

Depiction of Thomas

Phillip stoned at Hieropolis:

Phillip stoned at Hieropolis

James beheaded:

James beheaded

James the Just – stoned & clubbed to death:

James the Just – stoned & clubbed to death

Andrew crucified:

Andrew crucified

Barnabas burned at Salamis:

Barnabas burned at Salamis

Mark dragged to be burned:

Mark dragged to be burned

Reasons for persecution – religious:

Reasons for persecution – religious Christians prayed but not to idols – this must be atheism Christians had a “kiss of peace- this must be immorality Christians “ate the body of Christ” = cannibalism You could have another religion, but secondary to that of the state

Reasons for persecution – social:

Reasons for persecution – social Christians said all people are equal; the pagans believed in a rich aristocracy The Christians led pure lives, a rebuke to the lives of many pagans The Christians did not participate in many of the rites and entertainment of the masses

Reasons for persecution:

Reasons for persecution Christianity was seen no longer as a Jewish sect – thus illegal The Christians threatened the economy of many idol-makers, etc. Initial persecution – Nero who sought a scapegoat for the burning of Rome; killed Peter & Paul 95 – Domitian – exiled John

Rome persecuted the church:

Rome persecuted the church Most of the emperors were considered a god which must be worshipped They opposed the church and its power There were 10 major persecutions between Nero in 64 A.D. and Diocletian in 303 A.D.

The martyrs of Lyons 177AD:

The martyrs of Lyons 177AD There was great persecution at this time because Rome could not endure Christians say “Christ is Lord.” Many Christians were tried and cast into prison and tortured horribly Some recanted but were returned to prison

We can come to God:

We can come to God Heb. 4:15 For we have not an high priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities: but was in all points tempted like as we are; yet without sin. 16. Let us therefore come boldly unto the throne of grace, that we may obtain mercy, and find grace to help in time of need .

God has permitted suffering in this world for HIS purposes:

God has permitted suffering in this world for HIS purposes Persecution is open hostility from someone because we are a Christian All suffering in Christian service is with Christ and for Christ – It could be sickness encountered in serving Him as well as direct persecution

Suffering and persecution:

Suffering and persecution Satan desires to defeat us through suffering God plans to use suffering in both purification and discipline

Suffering and persecution:

Suffering and persecution Jesus chose suffering - it did not simply come on Him It would be foolish to accept a sacrificial lifestyle if there was no life after death. Suffering is a gift from Christ, who chose Himself to suffer

Purpose in suffering:

Purpose in suffering Suffering weans us from self-dependence Suffering magnifies Christ and His grace. Jesus learned obedience from His suffering - but He never sinned - so it is not from sin

God wants us to be passionate for Him: Rev. 3:16; Mt. 22:37:

God wants us to be passionate for Him: Rev. 3:16; Mt. 22:37 Boast only in the cross of Christ: Gal. 6:14 - where every good thing was obtained for sinners

God wants us to be passionate for Him: Rev. 3:16; Mt. 22:37:

God wants us to be passionate for Him: Rev. 3:16; Mt. 22:37 We only boast in the cross when we are on the cross - Gal. 2:19-20 - the old self died and the new self lives by faith of God in Christ Jesus

Christ’s life is treasured most when it is above health, money, and even life itself:

Christ’s life is treasured most when it is above health, money, and even life itself We boast in the cross when we bear the cross : Lk . 14:[27 ] And whosoever doth not bear his cross, and come after me, cannot be my disciple.

Christ’s life is treasured most when it is above health, money, and even life itself:

Christ’s life is treasured most when it is above health, money, and even life itself Death makes visible where our treasure is: Mt. 10:37 [37] He that loveth father or mother more than me is not worthy of me: and he that loveth son or daughter more than me is not worthy of me.

Christ’s life is treasured most when it is above health, money, and even life itself:

Christ’s life is treasured most when it is above health, money, and even life itself When we trust Jesus, we trust Him to give us what we most need - Himself! Paul wanted to magnify Christ in life - and that meant to joy in the progress of their faith Dying daily is living for Christ daily We are perfected through trials and pain

What can suffering do in our own lives?:

What can suffering do in our own lives? It purifies our motives It demonstrates our priorities It draws us close to Christ

Blessings God gives with this grace…:

Blessings God gives with this grace… Glory in heaven If we suffer with Him, we will experience glory too with Him No suffering – no glory…. 2 Cor. 4:17-18; Romans 8:17-18 Comfort for both ourselves and others

Blessings God gives with this grace…:

Blessings God gives with this grace… Persons will receive Christ Often God uses the forgiveness of the one being persecuted to draw the persecutor to Himself – Stephen and Paul, Paul and the Philippian jailor, etc We demonstrate the grace of God , which is sufficient in all situations see Paul – 2 Cor. 12:9

Blessings God gives with this grace…:

Blessings God gives with this grace… We learn that we cannot build life upon ourselves If we suffer with Him, we will reign with Him…

A survivor of Lyons explains:

A survivor of Lyons explains The torture was instigated by satan The horrible cruel torture The kind words of the judge to recant The steadfastness of the martyrs dealt a tremendous blow to satan God gave them the ability to withstand inhumane torture

Blandina – of the martyrs of Lyons:

Blandina – of the martyrs of Lyons

Window depicting Perpetua and her slave Felicia martyrdom:

Window depicting Perpetua and her slave Felicia martyrdom

Vitalius, Roman nobleman, buried alive:

Vitalius , Roman nobleman, buried alive

Ignatius, a follower of John, devoured by lions:

Ignatius, a follower of John, devoured by lions

Phocus, bishop of Sineppe, thrown in lime kiln:

Phocus , bishop of Sineppe , thrown in lime kiln

Justyn Martyr – apologist beheaded for his faith:

Justyn Martyr – apologist beheaded for his faith

Polycarp, Bishop of Smyrna:

Polycarp, Bishop of Smyrna

Persecution – Diocletian:

Persecution – Diocletian Churches were burned, leaders captured and killed if they refused to make a sacrifice. Jails were too full to have regular criminals in them 311 – Galerius – edict of toleration 313 – Constantine – freedom of all religions Showed importance of separation of church and state

Extreme honor given to martyrs :

Extreme honor given to martyrs The name of the martyr was inscribed in the catalogue of saints, and they ordered a public recognition. 2. His/her intercession was invoked at public prayers 3. Churches were dedicated to God in his/her memory. 4. The eucharist and divine office were celebrated in his/her honor

Extreme honor given to martyrs:

Extreme honor given to martyrs 5 . His/her festival was observed 6. They made representations of him/her surrounded by divine light 7. His/her relics were enclosed in precious vessels and publicly honored.

Soon churches wed the state and had false teachings:

Soon churches wed the state and had false teachings Baptismal regeneration Infant baptism – first by immersion Bishops began to claim precedence, and also a split between Rome and Constantinople. The clergy dominated, and then joined the state

In 416 infant baptism by law:

In 416 infant baptism by law Now churches filled with unbelievers and compulsion not freedom The true churches rejected these laws. The false church called themselves Christian and had all sorts of names for the loyal churches – Montanist , Tertullianist , Anabaptist, etc.

Further councils promoted:

Further councils promoted Worship of Mary Worship use of images No salvation outside the Catholic church Some of the persecuted groups strayed from true doctrine as it was difficult to have scriptures, and those who did were tortured and the scriptures destroyed – Donatists , Paulicians ,

Indulgences:

Indulgences Required a “bank account” of excess of good works in heaven obtained by the saints, but accessible to the church, who could sell them Purgatory – where people would stay until cleansed of their sins

Further doctrinal deviations in the 10-13th centuries:

Further doctrinal deviations in the 10-13 th centuries Transubstantiation accepted as an official doctrine The Inquisition The denial of the Bible to laymen

Terrible persecution of Albigenses and Waldenses:

Terrible persecution of Albigenses and Waldenses These individuals were primarily Bible believing individuals, most of whom also practiced non-resistance. They were hunted down and persecuted by the Roman Catholics, and many burned.

John Wycliffe:

John Wycliffe

John Wycliffe preaching to Lollards:

John Wycliffe preaching to Lollards

Burning the bones of John Wycliffe:

Burning the bones of John Wycliffe

John Huss:

John Huss

Savanorola:

Savanorola

Priests asking a “heretic” to repent:

Priests asking a “heretic” to repent

Inquisition – the rack:

Inquisition – the rack

The Portuguese and Spanish inquisition:

The Portuguese and Spanish inquisition

Galileo & the inquisition:

Galileo & the inquisition

The Inquisition:

The Inquisition

William Tyndale:

William Tyndale

Execution of Tyndale:

Execution of Tyndale

Execution of Jane Grey:

Execution of Jane Grey

Ridley and Latimer burned at the stake:

Ridley and Latimer burned at the stake

Five different established churches persecuted anabaptists:

Five different established churches persecuted anabaptists Rome Greek orthodox Lutheran Presbyterian Anglican All were state churches with state power behind them

50 million anabaptists and others murdered in 12 centuries:

50 million anabaptists and others murdered in 12 centuries At one place in Europe, the road had stakes every few feet with the head of a martyred “heretic” impaled on a stake They were called by many names, usually from a strong leader, but also the name “ ana -baptist” Rebaptizer

Peace of Westphalia 1648:

Peace of Westphalia 1648 Catholics, Lutherans and Presbyterians would not fight each other However, severe persecution existed against the Waldensians & Anabaptists

Zwingli – a “great reformer” and a “great persecutor”:

Zwingli – a “great reformer” and a “great persecutor” Zwingli in Geneva persecuted the anabaptists who fled there unmercifully. He had apparently agreed with his personal friend Balthazar Hubmaier that infant baptism was wrong but changed his mind, and later put Hubmaier on the rack. He was later apprehended, burned to death and his wife drowned

Zwingli:

Zwingli Once he locked up 20 persons – men, women, pregnant women and young girls in a dark tower with bread and water until all had died together.

Ulrich Zwingli:

Ulrich Zwingli

John Bunyan:

John Bunyan A Puritan or non-conformist preacher, he was arrested for preaching which was “unauthorized” and to failing to attend compulsory Anglican church services. He wrote Pilgrim’s Progress while in jail

John Bunyan:

John Bunyan

John Bunyan – Bedford jail:

John Bunyan – Bedford jail

Persecution of Hugenots in France:

Persecution of Hugenots in France

St. Barthomew Day Massacre of Hugenots:

St. Barthomew Day Massacre of Hugenots

Dirk Willems saves his captor:

Dirk Willems saves his captor

The Baptists were persecuted:

The Baptists were persecuted Crimes such as Preaching the gospel Refusing to have infants baptized Punishment Whipping Banishment Fines Property confiscated

Anabaptist beliefs:

Anabaptist beliefs They believed in baptism following a personal encounter with Jesus Christ. They expected a visible transformation of the individual’s life. They expected obedience to the Lord’s commands. They expected to imitate the Lord in all areas, including suffering.

Anabaptists & communion:

Anabaptists & communion Bread showed community, but also crushing the grain first The cup likewise showed unity but first the crushing of the grapes

Anabaptists and 2 kingdoms – the world & God:

Anabaptists and 2 kingdoms – the world & God The Kingdom of God is ultimately victorious but many members must suffer and die They must fight for the truth, which the world only recognizes after self-sacrifice They wrote hymns and letters filled with scripture

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