simple present and present perfect

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Unfinished actions that started in the past and continue to the present I’ve studied French for ten years ( and I still study it). Finished actions I studied French for ten years (but now I’ve decided to study Japanese because of my work) TO VISIT RUSSIA SEVERAL 1992

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A finished action in someone's life (when the person is still alive: life experience) My brother  has been  to Mexico three times A finished action in someone's life (when the person is dead): My great-grandmother  went  to Mexico three times. TO WORK- 5 DIFFERENT COUNTRIES-

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A finished action with a result in the present I’ve studied Japanese (The result is that I can do business in Japan easily) A finished action with no result in the present I studied Japanese last year. It’s rather complicated. JAMES- TO BREAK HIS LEG- GO ON HOLIDAY - LAST SUMMER

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With an unfinished time word (this week, this month, today) I've studied a bit of Japanese this week. With a finished time word (last week, last month, yesterday) I saw Peter last week. NOT TO EAT ANYTHING MORE. I- TO EAT- ALREADY- TODAY YESTERDAY NIGHT

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We use the past simple for past events or actions which have no connection to the present. We use the present perfect for actions which started in the past and are still happening now OR for finished actions which have a connection to the present. We CAN'T use the present perfect with a finished time word

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