Medicinal Plants

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Kendriya Vidyalaya, Ongole:

Kendriya Vidyalaya, Ongole English Project Work Medicinal Plants ALOE VERA PAPAYA By K.N.S URAJ B ABU X A

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Medicinal Plants Ever since ancient times, mankind has used many Herbs,shurbs and plants as it heal his injury. These are called 'Medicinal Plants'. In this Group of slides, We will take a closer look on two of them namely Aloe Vera and Papaya. Aloe Vera Papaya

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Aloe Vera:

Aloe Vera Aloe vera is a succulent plant species that is found only in cultivation, having no naturally occurring populations, although closely related aloes do occur in northern Africa. The species is frequently cited as being used in herbal medicine since the beginning of the first century AD. Aloe vera is a stemless or very short-stemmed succulent plant growing to 60–100 cm tall, spreading by offsets.The leaves are thick and fleshy, green to grey-green, with some varieties showing white flecks on their upper and lower stem surfaces.


History Known as the “lily of the desert”. Considered the “plant of immortality” by many native peoples. Very long history of medical usage… 2200 B.C.- Mentioned on Sumerian clay tablets. 1550 B.C.- The Ebers Papyrus states 12 recipes for mixing Aloe with other agents to treat human disorders. Usually the whole leaf was ground and mixed with another medicinal agent. Used by Cleopatra and Nerfertiti. 400 B.C.- Extensively traded in the Near East and Asia. 333 B.C. - The Island of Socotra was captured by Alexander the Great because of its Aloe s upplies. 68 A.D.- Dioscorides wrote a detailed description of Aloe Vera and all of its uses. 200 A.D.- Aloe Vera was an important part of Roman medicine and became extremely popular in Europe in the centuries to come. 1500 A.D.- Introduced to the New World by the Conquistadors .

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Lignin Inert except when in topical treatments Saponin 3% of Aloe Vera gel Fatty Acids Cholesterol, Campesterol, Sisosterol, and Lupeol Salicyclic acid Aspirin-like Amino Acids 20 amino acids 10 Main Component Groups of Aloe Vera Vitamins Vitamin D, A, C, E and B12 Enzymes Lipases, proteases, kinases Minerals Ca, Na, K, Mg, Mn, Cu, Zn, Cr, and Se Sugars Mono and poly saccharides, gluco-mannans Anthraquinones Most important: Aloin, and Emodin

Uses Of Aloe Vera:

Uses Of Aloe Vera Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) Rheumatoid Arthritis Cosmetics Diabetes Anti-Microbial/-Bacterial Antimicrobials and Wounds Immune Booster Alveolar Osteitis Burn Treatment Cancer Neuroectodermal Cancer Gastric and Colorectal Cancers

The Amazing Health Benefits of Aloe Vera:

The Amazing Health Benefits of Aloe Vera From 300 different types of aloe Vera, only one is used for medical purposes – Aloe Barbadensis Miller. Over 200 scientific studies undoubtedly proved the importance of this herb in promoting human health. Aloe Vera juice is one of the best purifier of the body and internal organs, specifically the stomach, liver, kidneys, spleen and bladder. Effects of Aloe Vera have been observed particularly in patients previously operated from a serious illness, and despite chemotherapy and radiation to which they were exposed their medical treatment was supplemented with Aloe Vera gel. Patients felt reducing symptoms and increasing their power. But the effects were observed gradually, not suddenly. The gel of Aloe Vera has detox effects on the body, which in turn are followed by usually three signs: diarrhea (in the first few days), headache and itchy skin. Maintain stable body and keep the immune system from diseases like cancer, tumors, AIDS, reduce blood sugar levels in diabetes I and II, and also reduces inflammatory processes like colitis, arthritis and gastritis.

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Papaya Papaya is a powerhouse of nutrients and is available throughout the year. It is a rich source of threes powerful antioxidant vitamin C, vitamin A and vitamin E; the minerals, magnesium and potassium; the B vitamin pantothenic acid and folate and fiber. In addition to all this, it contains a digestive enzyme-papaintha effectively treats causes of trauma, allergies and sports injuries. All the nutrients of papaya as a whole improve cardiovascular system, protect against heart diseases, heart attacks, strokes and prevent colon cancer. The fruit is an excellent source of beta carotene that prevents damage caused by free radicals that may cause some forms of cancer. It is reported that it helps in the prevention of diabetic heart disease. Papaya lowers high cholesterol levels as it is a good source of fiber.


Leaves Papaya leaf has a numberless of benefits. In some parts of Asia, the young leaves of the papaya are steamed and eaten like spinach. As an acne medicine Increase appetite Ease menstrual pain Meat tenderizer Relieve nausea P apaya leaf juice helps increase white blood cells and platelets P apaya leaf tea help regulate the immune system. Antimalarial A ntiplasmodial K ills microorganisms

Fruit :

Fruit Papaya fruit is a rich source of nutrients such as provitamin A carotenoids, vitamin C, B vitamins, lycopene, dietary minerals and dietary fibre.Danielone is a phytoalexin found in the papaya fruit. This compound showed high antifungal activity against Colletotrichum gloesporioides, a pathogenic fungus of papaya . Laxative Ripe papaya fruit is laxative which assures of regular bowel movement. Void the Heart Attack or Stroke The folic acid found in papayas is needed for the conversion of homocysteine into amino acids such as cysteine or methionine. If unconverted, homocysteine can directly damage blood vessel walls, is considered a significant risk factor for a heart attack or stroke.


Seed The black seeds of the papaya are edible and have a sharp, spicy taste. They are sometimes ground and used as a substitute for black pepper. Nephro-Protective Activity In wistar rats nephro-protective activity was observed in d ose related manner. Concentration of urine and reatinine were evaluated. The papaya seeds are very pungent and peppery, making them almost unpalatable. However the seeds seem to have more potent medicinal values than the flesh.  Papaya seeds have antibacterial properties and are effective against E.coli , Salmonella and Staphylococcus infections.  Papaya seeds may protect the kidneys from toxininduced kidney failure.  Papaya seeds can eliminate intestinal parasites.  Papaya seeds help detoxify the liver  As a skin irritant to lower fever  Cure for piles and typhoid  anti-helminthic and anti-amoebic properties

Peel and Roots:

Peel and Roots Roots Juice from papaya roots is used in some countries of Asia to ease urinary troubles. Papaya leaf when dried and cured like a cigar, is smoked by asthmatic persons. An infusion of fresh papaya leaves is used by person to expel or d estroy intestinal worms. Fresh young papaya are also used to remedy colic, a certain stomach disorder or cramp. A decoction formed by boiling the outer part of the roots of the papaya tree in the cure of dyspepsia. Peel Papaya peel is often used in cosmetics. The papaya peel can also be used in many home remedies. The presence of vitamin A helps to restore and rebuild damaged skin. Applied papaya peel used as skin lightening agent. The papaya vinegar with lemon juice can be applied to the scalp for 20 minutes prior to shampooing to fight dandruff.


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