Negotiating the Reconstruction of Haiti

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Negotiating the Reconstruction of Haiti:

Negotiating the Reconstruction of Haiti Editorial Group: Raquel Anderson, Yashia Clarke, Freeman Irvine III, Sharmon Monagan, Cassandre Thrasybule, Danielle Taylor

BACKGROUND:

BACKGROUND

BACKGROUND:

Earthquake January 12, 2010 at 4:53 local time Earthquake was 7.0 magnitude Approximately 316,000 people died Approximately 300,000 injured Approximately 1,000,000 made homeless Approximately 250,000 residences and 30,000 commercial buildings collapsed or were severely damaged Approximately 1,200 tent cities BACKGROUND

BACKGROUND:

Benefits of Negotiation in Haiti Facilitate communication Leads to stability in government and better way of life for the citizens Provides mutual cohesiveness Enables parties to show empathy Releases stress and animosity among parties by allowing for free flowing communication Allows parties to use story-telling to develop creative solutions for the future Fosters collaboration to achieve common goals BACKGROUND

GOVERNANCE:

GOVERNANCE

GOVERNANCE:

Elections, a key aspect in representative democracy is a means by which the governed negotiate the terms of interaction with their rulers. Free and fair elections grants legitimacy to the government and ensure citizen participation in state affairs. Electoral malpractice and deliberate disfranchisements can lead to frustration that often manifests itself through violence as we saw in the first round of presidential elections in Haiti in 2010. GOVERNANCE

GOVERNANCE:

Mirlande Manigat and Michel Martely, presidential run-off candidates, should agree on a code of conduct that is going to avoid the repeat of last year. A fair election in Haiti is not only central to Haiti’s political stability but also crucial to creating credible leadership and institutional capacity to implement the reconstruction agenda. For many years, Haiti has been beset by corruption, institutional malaise and kleptocratic leadership. This has prevented the growth of a middle class and the civil society; two facets that are critical in building institutional capacity for the state as well as ensuring an existence of a viable democracy. It is against this background that the stakeholders in the Haitian state must negotiate a new constitutional and political dispensation that will enhance reconstruction efforts. GOVERNANCE

INFRASTRUCTURE:

INFRASTRUCTURE

INFRASTRUCTRE:

President Renee Preval has been credited for working towards the improvement of the overall infrastructure of Haiti, prior to the earthquake He was working closely with Latin American allies, particularly Hugo Chavez of Venezuela to build roads to help with commerce and transportation, oil refineries, and power plants The commercial buildings in Haiti were poorly regulated Residential properties had little if any government oversight Due to the dire poverty in Haiti, many of the homes were mud huts or built along side the cliffs of mountains INFRASTRUCTRE

INFRASTRUCTRE:

The devastation in Japan due to their recent 9.0 earthquake and tsunami pails in comparison to the Haiti earthquake largely in part to the building codes Haiti has the opportunity to rebuild the country anew by putting in place tougher building codes for commercial and residential properties and the rebuilding of roads. Attention also needs to be directed towards basic utilities, clean water, and food safety Without safe shelter and reliable infrastructure, Haitian households and businesses will have a difficult time becoming stable and productive INFRASTRUCTRE

HUMAN RIGHTS:

HUMAN RIGHTS

HUMAN RIGHTS:

Women’s Rights are Human Rights Since 2005, there were great gains in Women’s Rights Rape was now considered a serious offense Women could receive rape treatment at any hospital and would not have to pay for their own investigation Father’s would now be legally obligated for child support The earthquake killed many of the educators, clergy, activist, and politician involved in these human rights gains Women and children have not been safe in the squalid tent cities, they have been raped with impunity HUMAN RIGHTS

HUMAN RIGHTS:

The psychosocial-culture theory of rape exams rape through the lens of power inequality arguing that “Rape is nothing more or less than a conscious process of intimidation by which all men keep all women in a state of fear.” (Susan Brownmiller, Men, Women and Rape, 1976 The reality and fear of rape keeps women from opposing the existing patriarchal male power structures within the private and public sphere The safety and security of the women and children in this camps is a human rights issue that jeopardizes everyone’s safety HUMAN RIGHTS

NEGOTIATION THEORY:

Addresses conflict with the understanding that there is a shared problem between the conflicting problems Understanding that needs such as shelter, safety, and security cannot be traded away such as interest can in the interest-based negotiation model This theory “takes into account the complexity of human life and the insistent nature of human needs Addressing the basic needs of the people for shelter, food, employment, utilities, safe roads and buildings, and the right to participate in a free and transparent government as critical issues in the rebuilding will ensure the future safety and stability of Haiti NEGOTIATION THEORY

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