MacKenzie_Garner-Robert_E._Lee-Period_4

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Robert E (Edward). Lee : 

Robert E (Edward). Lee By: MacKenzie Garner

Early Life : 

Early Life Born: January 19, 1807 in Stratford Virginia. He was born into a wealthy family. His father, Henry Lee “Light-Horse Harry”, was a general in the Revolutionary War. Lee entered West Point in 1825 and became the first cadet to achieve the rank of sergeant within his first year of entering the academy. He graduated from West Point in 1829 with High Honors. In 1831 he married Mary Ann Randolph Cutis. She was the great-granddaughter of Martha Washington. They had 7 children and were married at the Arlington House. He joined the military and quickly moved up in the rankings.

Engineer : 

Engineer When Lee graduated from military academy, he became an engineer. He went to Fort Pulaski on Cockspur Island, Georgia. He worked here for about 1 ½ years. He became the 2nd Lieutenant of the Corps of Engineers and served in the Corps for over 25 years. He was transferred to Fort Monroe and helped to complete the building of the fort. Lee later served as an assistant in the chief engineer's office in Washington, D.C. from 1834 to 1837. Also, in 1835 he helped to lay the boundary line between Michigan and Ohio. In 1837 he became the first lieutenant of engineers and oversaw building projects of cities such as St. Louis.

Mexican War : 

Mexican War At the beginning of the Mexican war Lee was assigned to duty as chief engineer of the army under General Wool. General Wool was very impressed by Lee’s skills as an engineer. The fall of Vera Cruz was greatly attributed to Robert E. Lee. During the War Lee became colonel. This happened after he successfully stormed Chapultepec. After the War ended, Lee quickly became known as a war hero.

Military Duties… : 

Military Duties… After the Mexican War, in 1852, Lee took command at West Point. He helped the reputation of the academy grow. He helped to make it focus more on academics which led to it becoming equal to that of the superior military academies in Europe. Three years later he was assigned to the Texan frontier and was appointed lieutenant-colonel of the 2nd regiment of cavalry. This was a brand new regiment in the U.S. army. Also in 1859 he put down the revolt that was occurring at Harper’s Ferry.

Civil War : 

Civil War In 1861 Lee’s home state of Virginia seceded from the Union and he had to make the most grueling decision of his life. He had to decide whether he should go to the Confederacy or stay with the Union. On April 20th he said that he was obliged to secede to the Confederacy, he owed it to his state. He was appointed Jefferson Davis’ advisor and in May of 1861 he became the commander of the Army of Northern Virginia.

Battles : 

Battles Lee was a very successful commander during the Civil War. Sept. 1862- Defeated the Union at Antietam December 1862-Defeated the Union at Fredericksburg May 1863- Won at Chancellorsville In July of 1863 he lost the battle of Gettysburg. After this, the Union took complete control of the war. It ended up being the turning point of the war.

Appomattox Court House : 

Appomattox Court House April 9, 1865 Lee came into the court house very well-dressed. He surrendered to Grant and Grant was very forgiving towards him. Lee promised not to fight anymore and kept his promise. Grant respected Lee because of the way he fought and he was always a gentleman.

After the War : 

After the War Lee and his family were not able to go back to their home in Arlington and had to secretly move away. Lee was pardoned by President Johnson because he could not be liable for treason, according to Johnson. On Sept 28, 1870 Lee suffered a stroke. He died in a hospital 14 days later, Oct 12. Not until 1975 was it that Lee was officially reinstated as a U.S. citizen by Gerald Ford.

Works Cited : 

Works Cited http://library.thinkquest.org/3055/netscape/people/lee.html http://www.robertelee.org/ http://www.stratfordhall.org/ http://www.civilwarhome.com/leebio.htm

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