BONSAI-The perfect little tree by [email protected]

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T. Sindhuja BSA-10-312 BONSAI T . Sindhuja

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Bonsai (Bone Si) Bon – Tree Sai – Pot Bonsai-an art of growing and training of a plant to a miniature form Origin-china, but it was called as the Japanese art Techniques of extreme dwarfing What is a Bonsai

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Where it succeeds? Under open sunny conditions Under air conditions As indoor near windows only. Principles of Bonsai Small leaves or needles Shorter internodes Attractive bark or roots Branching characteristics

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Rules for Bonsai making For trunk Height can be 6 times the caliper of the trunk. Should lean towards the viewer. It should anchor the plant. Roots should radiate. No eye poking roots. Should taper  as it ascends Should not move back

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For Branches Should not cross the trunk No eye poking branches First branch should be at one third height of the tree No belly branches Should be opposite Should diminish in size as it ascends Secondary branches are to be alternate

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Plants suitable for Bonsai making Hibiscus rosea sinensis Neem Pine Pomegranate Mini Sapota Silver Oak Tamarind Wood apple West Indian Cherry

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Mango Guava Christmas Tree Lime Ficus bengalensis Ficus riligiosa - Pipal Ficus glomerulata Pahadi rose

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Agro techniques for Bonsai 1. Propagation 2. Season 3. Potting and repotting 4. After Care 5. Container 6. Planting media

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Propagation Through seeds/cuttings / layering or grafting Seeds: Pines and Junifers Cuttings: Ficus , Pomegranate, Mulberry and Bougainvilleas Layers: Jasmine, Ixora , Bougainvilleas and Pome granate Grafts: Mango, Sapota , Citrus

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1. July - August 2. February – March Best time is before the opening of flower Season

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Potting and repotting 1/3 of the roots can be trimmed Long tap roots are to trimmed Excessive branches are to thinned out Balanced nutrition and adequate watering is must Potting is not advisable during winter or hot months Repotting is done after 2-3 years

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1. Round, 2.hexagonal or square shaped 3.Rectangular 4. Oval/cylindrical containers size - 25 to 30 cm dia 5 to 7.5 cm deep Shape and Size of the Container

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akadama compost Soil gravel Bonsai soil mixed soil mixtures Akadama - hard-baked Japanese clay Organic potting compost-peat moss:perlite:sand . 3. Fine gravel -a bottom layer in Bonsai pots to enhance drainage

Preparing the tree:

Preparing the tree Remove the tree from it’s nursery container or other pot Untangle the roots Loosen the roots Remove any long roots The goal is fine feeder roots, these do all the work.

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Secure screen over the drainage holes using wire Put wire through the pot, to be used to secure the tree Add soil, making a small mound in the center of the pot Preparing the pot

Potting the tree:

Potting the tree Twist the tree and move it around to get all air pockets from under the tree out Wire the tree to the pot Run wire on top of the root ball. Twist the two ends together as tight as you can. Fill up with soil Use chopsticks to seat the soil around the roots

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After Care Pinching        -           Once or twice Pruning          -           For its shape Training         -           Desirable shape It is achieved through copper wire or polythene tape. It is to be removed once the shape is attained

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pruning 1.maintenance pruning 2.style-pruning maintenance pruning to maintain and refine the existing shape of a Bonsai throughout the growth season

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Style pruning to give a tree its basic shape often involves pruning large branches. the early spring or late autumn is the right time to style-prune a tree (just before and after the growth season).

Styles of bonsai :

Styles of bonsai 1.Formal Upright Trunk is perfectly straight . The branches should alternate left to right to suggest age. Pine Formal Red wood formal

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2.Informal Upright This style is characterized by a lightly curving trunk displaying the harsh elements of nature. This can be achieved with ease using wire and/or cords . It is as appropriate for conifers as with deciduous trees.

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3.Broom It has a straight trunk that begins to divide and subdivide into many branches. The characteristics are its thick and finely branched crown.

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4.Slanting The whole trunk leans at a definite angle . The branches should lie horizontal or droop slightly downward.

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5.Windblown It is rare in nature.This kind of tree is found on cliffs or mountains. The trunk, branches and twigs are trained in a single direction to give the affect of a strong wind and storm.

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6.Root over rock A style of river bank or rocky slope origin. Some different options for rocks.

Tools and Techniques for styling:

Tools and Techniques for styling Wiring Copper Aluminum Trimming Bud removal

Wiring Bonsai trees to shape the branches:

Wiring Bonsai trees to shape the branches By wrapping copper wire around the branches of a tree we can able to bend and reposition the branches. Wiring should be applied at a 45 degree angle . Make sure the wire is anchored properly. Use one wire to do two branches. Remove wire before it starts to bite into the bark of the tree.

Deadwood techniques:

Deadwood techniques Dead wood can also appear on a bonsai under cultivation for many reasons, including branch die-back, pest infestation, or disease. It can be partially or completely removed.

LIGHT:

Too much shade and the leaves will grow large and internodes will increase. Too much sun and the leaf tips will turn brown and die off. Every plant has different lighting requirements. Temperature Indoor - 18 to 22 0 C Out door – 25 to 35 0 C LIGHT

Watering:

Watering Use a very fine spray , don’t blast the tree with the end of the garden hose. If the soil is damp about an inch down, then it’s time to water. The soil should never be allowed to dry out completely Rainwater is best

Fertilizer:

Fertilizer Fertilizer cakes are the best way to fertilize your bonsai. Use a good balanced fertilizer at half strength every other week.

Pest control:

Pest control Use neem oil or sevin at half strength Common pests and diseases Beetles Scale Aphids

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Thank u…..