Post operative complication Shine Vayala

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Post operative complication

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Post operative complications

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Post operative complications

RESPIRATORY COMPLICATIONS:

RESPIRATORY COMPLICATIONS 1. ATELECTASIS & PNEUMONIA SYMPTOMS SLOW RECOVERY FROM OPERATION POOR COLOUR TACHYPNOEA TACHYCARDIA FEVER, CHILLS CRACKLES OVER INVOLVED LUNG COUGH 2. HYPOXIA

PNEUMONIA ATELECTASIS& HYPOXIA:

PNEUMONIA ATELECTASIS& HYPOXIA PREVENTION ADMINISTER OXYGEN MONITOR LUNG SOUNDS & PULSE OXYMETRY SUCTION TO CLEAR SECREATIONS DEEP BREATHING &COUGHING EXERCISE USE OF INCENTIVE SPIROMETRY POSITION THE PATIENT EVERY 1-2 HOURLY CHEST PHYSIOTHERAPY EARLY AMBULATION ANTIBIOTICS

3. ASPIRATION PNEUMONIA:

3. ASPIRATION PNEUMONIA INFLAMMATION OF LUNGS DUE TO INHALATION OF GASTRIC CONTENTS SYMPTOMS BREATHLESSNESS WHEEZING MANAGEMENT POSITIVE PRESSURE VENTILATOR BRONCHIAL SUCTION ANTIBIOTICS AND IV STEROIDS

PULMONARY EMBOLISM :

PULMONARY EMBOLISM

PULMONARY EMBOLISM :

PULMONARY EMBOLISM SYMPTOMS DYSPNOEA SUDDEN SHARP CHEST CYANOSIS TACHYCARDIA DROP IN BP UPPER ABDOMINAL PAIN MANAGEMENT NOTIFY THE DOCTOR IMMEDIATELY MONITOR VITALS ADMINISTER OXYGEN &MEDICATIONS

CARDIO VASCULAR COMPLICATIONS:

CARDIO VASCULAR COMPLICATIONS HEMORRHAGE PRIMARY HEMORRHAGE LATE POST OPERATIVE HEMORRHAGE PRIMARY HEMORRHAGE SYMPTOMS PATIENT IS RESTLESS & THIRSTY TACHYCARDIA HYPOTENSION COOL & CLAMMY SKIN DECREASED URINE OUTPUT RAPID & DEEP RESPIRATIONS

PRIMARY HEMORRHAGE:

PRIMARY HEMORRHAGE MANAGEMENT NOTIFY THE PHYSICIAN TRANSFUSING BLOOD& BLOOD PRODUCTS DETERMINE THE CAUSE OF HEMORRHAGE INSPECT SURGICAL SITE FOR BLEEDING BLEEDING EVIDENT APPLY STERILE PRESSURE DREESSING ELIVATE SITE OF BLEEDING IF POSSIBLE PLACE THE PATIENT IN A SHOCK POSITION BLEEDING NOT VISUALISED HEMORRHAGE SUSPECTING TAKE BACK TO OT FOR EMERGENCY EXPLORATION OF SURGICAL SITE

LATE POST OPERATIVE HEMORRHAGE:

LATE POST OPERATIVE HEMORRHAGE OCCURS SEVERAL DAYS AFTER SURGERY DUE TO INFECTION DAMAGING VESSELS AT THE SITE MANAGEMENT TREAT INFECTION EXPLORATORY SURGERY

2. HEMORRHAGIC SHOCK LOSS OF CIRCULATORY FLUID VOLUME DUE TO HEMORRHAGE:

2. HEMORRHAGIC SHOCK LOSS OF CIRCULATORY FLUID VOLUME DUE TO HEMORRHAGE MANAGEMENT DETERMINE AND TREAT THE CAUSE OF SHOCK ELEVATE LEGS PLACE IN SHOCK POSITION ADMINISTER IVF, BLOOD OR COLLOIDS ADMINISTER OXYGEN VENTILATE IF NEEDED MONITIO VITALSIGNS FOR INCREASED PULSE AND DECREASED BP MONITOR I&O

3. THROMBOPHLEBITIS SWELLING AND INFLAMMATION OF VEIN :

3. THROMBOPHLEBITIS SWELLING AND INFLAMMATION OF VEIN 1.DEEP VEIN THROMBOSIS 2.SUPERFICIAL THROMBOPHLEBITIS

THROMBOPHLEBITIS:

THROMBOPHLEBITIS SYMPTOMS ACHING OR CRAMPING PAIN VEIN FEELS HARD & CORD LIKE INCREASED TEMPERATURE INFLAMMATION OF VEIN PREVENTION EARLY AMBULATION USE OF COMPRESSION STOCKINGS PASSIVE ROM EXERCISE ADMINISTER LMW HEPARIN DAILY CALF GIRTH MEASUREMENT

URINARY COMPLICATIONS:

URINARY COMPLICATIONS URINARY RETENSION DUE TO POST OPERATIVE PAIN& ANESTHESIA ASSESSMENT INABILITY TO VOID RESTLESSNESS DIAPHORESIS DISTENDED BLADDER ABDOMINAL PAIN HYPERTENSION B. UTI MANAGEMENT ENCOURAGE AMBULATION NON INVASIVE MEASURES CATHETERISE THE PATIENT

GASTRO INTESTINAL COMPLICATIONS:

GASTRO INTESTINAL COMPLICATIONS PARALYTIC ILEUS FAILURE OF APROPRIATIVE FORWARD BOWEL MOVEMENT SYMPTOMS ARE NAUSEA, VOMITTING, ABDOMINAL DISTENSION, ABSENCE OF BOWEL SOUNDS CONSTIPATION BOWEL OBSTRUCTION a. EARLY MECHANICAL OBSTRUCTION b. LATE MECHANICAL OBSTRUCTION

WOUND COMPLICATIONS:

WOUND COMPLICATIONS INFECTION 3-6 DAYS AFTER SURGERY SYMPTOMS/SIGNS FEVER AND CHILLS PAINFUL,INFLAMED INCISION EDEMATOUS SKIN TIGHT SKIN SUTURES ELEVATED WBC COUNT DISCHARGES FROM SITE MANAGEMENT ANTIBIOTICS SURGICAL DRESSING

WOUND COMPLICATIONS:

WOUND COMPLICATIONS 2. WOUND DEHISCENCE SEPERATION OF WOUND EDGES 6-8 DAYS AFTER SURGERY 3. WOUND EVISCERATION PROTRUSION OF INTERNAL ORGANS AND TISSUES THROUGH OPENING IN WOUND EDGES 6-8 DAYS AFTER SURGERY

NEUROLOGICAL COMPLICATIONS:

NEUROLOGICAL COMPLICATIONS 1.POST OPERATIVE DELERIUM DUE TO DEHYDRATION, HYPOXIA, ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCE & SEPSIS. 2. POST OPERATIVE STOKE DUE TO EMBOLISM OR HYPOPERFUSION. PREDISPOSING FACTORS ARE PREVIOUS STROKE, VASCULAR METABOLIC DISEASES, OLDER PATIENTS WITH CARDIO VASCULAR DISEASES. PREVENTION IS BY IVF TO AVOID DEHYDRATION, ANTI COAGULANTS.

POST OPERATIVE COMPLICATIONS:

POST OPERATIVE COMPLICATIONS THYROIDECTOMY 1 . HYPOPARATHYROIDISM & HYPOCALCEMIA NUMBNESS,CRAMPS&SPASM, HEAD ACHE, ANXIETY, DEPRESSION 2. LARYNGEAL NERVE DAMAGE DIFFICULTY IN PROJECTING VOICE, HOARSE VOICE, VOICE FATIGUE, DECREASED VOCAL RANGE 3. HEMORRHAGE

POST OPERATIVE COMPLICATIONS:

POST OPERATIVE COMPLICATIONS APPENDISECTOMY PARALYTIC ILEUS WOUND INFECTION POST OPERATIVE FEVER INGUINAL HERNIA WOUND INFECTION BLEEDING HERNIA RECURRENCE NEURO VASCULAR & ORGAN DAMAGE

POST OPERATIVE COMPLICATIONS:

POST OPERATIVE COMPLICATIONS ORTHOPEDIC SURGERY FAILURE OF THE PROCEDURE Eg: TEARING OF A REBUILT LIGAMENT NON-UNION HEALING FRACTURE INFECTION DEEP VEIN THROMBOSIS GYNAECOLOGICAL SURGERY HEMORRHAGE INFECTION VENOUS THROMBO EMBOLISM PULMONARY COMPLICATIONS

POST OPERATIVE COMPLICATIONS:

POST OPERATIVE COMPLICATIONS TONSILLECTOMY BLEEDING INFECTION SEPTOPLASTY BLEEDING INFECTION CHILLS RARELY PERFORATION OF SEPTUM

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