The Deadly EBOLA Virus: Facts and Virus History

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The presentation traces the Ebola Virus History and enlightens about Ebola facts, symptoms, and preventive measures. The deadly virus has claimed thousands of lives since deadliest ever outbreak began with Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone being the worst-hit countries.

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The Deadly EBOLA Virus Image courtesy - http:// commdiginews.wpengine.netdna-cdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/08/ebola.jpg

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In 1976, Ebola (named after the Ebola River in Zaire) first emerged in Sudan and Zaire. First outbreak of Ebola (Ebola-Sudan) infected over 284 people, with a mortality rate of 53%. Last known strain of Ebola, Ebola Cote d'Ivoire (EBO-CI) was discovered in 1994 when a female ethologist performing a necropsy on a dead chimpanzee from the Tai Forest, Cote d'Ivoire, accidentally infected herself during the necropsy.  Ebola’s History Image courtesy - http:// www.biodesign.asu.edu/images/image/364/ebola_graphic.png

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1 Fever 2 Severe headache 3 Muscle pain 4 Weakness 5 Diarrhea 7 Abdominal (stomach) pain 8 Unexplained hemorrhage (bleeding or bruising) Signs and Symptoms Vomiting 6 Image courtesy - http:// pose.com.vn/images/baiviet/201408/ebola1.jpg

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Coming into contact with the blood, secretions, organs or other bodily fluids of an infected person. Healthcare workers may contract the disease through transmission as well through contact with infected bodily fluids. Handling the meat from infected animals. Contact with the bodily fluids of an infected person who has passed away.  Ebola: Infection Image courtesy - http ://panafricanalliance.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/08/b_hazard1332942637327.gif

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Diagnosis 01 Antibody-capture enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) 02 Antigen-capture detection tests 03 Serum neutralization test 04 Reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay 05 Electron microscopy 06 Virus isolation by cell culture Image courtesy - http:// roklen24.cz/img/543781fee4b0ce5f3986ab66/1024/768

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Treatment Giving medications to maintain blood pressure Managing electrolyte balances Providing extra oxygen, if needed Providing intravenous fluids to prevent dehydration Treating co-existing infections and preventing other infections from occurring. Image courtesy - http:// global.fncstatic.com/static/managed/img/fn-latino/health/Ebola%20WHO%20Treatment.jpg

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Deadly Effects of Ebola virus Image courtesy - http:// pakistaniladies.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/10/Pictures-Ebola-Virus-Disease-Symptoms-Care-Causes-and-Treatment-Pakistan.jpg

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1,145 Deaths 2,127 Cases GUINEA LIBERIA SIERRA LEONE NIGERIA CASES DEATHS MORTALITY Not Counting the Current Outbreak, The Ebola Virus has caused 2,387 Cases of Infection and 1,590 Deaths Since its Discovery in 1976. Global Data (as of 15 th August, 2014) Image courtesy: http://www.cctv-america.com/2014/08/22/china-gives-green-light-to-mass-produce-ebola-test-kits-as-cases-in-liberia-top-1000

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