articles on indian crafts


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INDIAN CRAFTS Indian craft thrives to be the amalgamation of socio-political via religious influences that mapped India with the onward march of time and space. The spirit of indigenous India allied with the western advancement lie at the core of Indian craft zone. The intriguing history and the fascinating past presently counts for the origin of Indian crafts. The incalculable artistic and ethnic assortment that has been linked with India and has been symbolised as Oriental Craft by Eurocentric nations have enabled a fusion of motifs techniques and crafts to increase on this land. The tradition of Indian craft has whirled around religious values cultural influx confined needs of the commoners as well as the special needs of the clientele and royalty along with an eye for overseas and home trade. The primal references of Indian crafts were found in the remnants of Indus Valley Civilization 3000 B.C.-1700 B.C.. Beginning its journey in the age old days the craft tradition in India has witnessed enough evolution. India has an extremely rich craft tradition distinguished by great aesthetics and mixed art history. Difficult designs patterns painfully crafted monuments temples and sculptures all are magnificent masterpieces of craftsmanship. All Indian crafts and patterns were mostly representations of everyday living socio political conditions and palace and court scenes. Archaeological studies have revealed that the period of manufacture for a given handicraft item can be explained from its production technique patterns and materials used. Handicraft is flourishing in the Indian industry because of its rich cultural heritage and diversity. Indian handicraft items ranges from wooden stone metal glass bamboo cane clay terracotta ceramics and textiles. India is one of the major suppliers of handicrafts to the global market. Highly labour intensive and basically cottage based the industry is more widespread in the rural and urban areas. The industry provides a livelihood for more than 6 million artisans including a big share of women artisans and people from the weaker sections of the country. Supporting craft in India means believing in a heritage and tradition that can often stretch back uninterrupted for 4000 years. The knowledge is still transferred through traditional means from elders to younger people but there are many challenges that face these century-old traditions.

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Diverse craft culture The history of Indian metal craft in India is rich as it was introduced around 3000 B.C. The metal craft has its ramifications from mythological figurines sculptures of deities to pots pans utensils photo frames doorknobs taps key chains boxes and so on. The metal craft involves the tradition of enamelling etching and damascening for the beautification of the metal objects. Metal craft is admired for its durability.  Metal Craft of Gujarat Metal craft of Gujarat is found in an array of articles that have gained popularity due to its ethnicity and the rustic characteristics of the land itself. The metal craft of Gujarat includes jewellery making which includes filigree work open wirework carving etc. The metal artisans of Gujarat are known as kansaras from the Gujarati word kansu for bronze. The jewellery making precious stone-cutting embedded in metal jewelleries and processing are part of the traditional handicrafts of Gujarat. The artisans of Gujarat create magnificent designs on jewelleries in silver gold and other metals. Attardanis gulabdanis flower-vases trays jewellery-boxes powder-boxes ashtrays and cigarette-boxes are some of the articles of silver craft.  Metal Craft Of Orissa Metal craft of Orissa can be featured with the socio cultural aspect of the state in association with the tradition. The shrines and the temples are the examples of rich cultural heritage of the state with standard materials. The metal craft of Orissa includes the usage of metals like Brass and Bell metals and the people of Kansari community mainly create different items out of them. Castings of brass items are practiced by the people of Ganjam. The motifs used in the decorative pieces are mainly inspired from the folk culture of Orissa. Cuttack is famous in the entire world for the unique and delicate craft of tarkashi or well known as the silver filigree work. The metal craft of Orissa has been flourishing at Puri which is the abode of skilled craftsmen who specialise in minute metal work. Moreover places such as Behrampur and Belguntha in Ganjam district Tarva Bolangir district Chandanpur Phulbani and Kantilo are well known for their specialization in producing a variety of brass and bell metal craft objects which exhibit extraordinary craftsmanship. A particular variety of metal craft known as dhokra is practiced by the sithulias who use scraps of metals to make the dhokra castings.

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 Metal Craft of Jharkhand The metal crafts of Jharkhand are praiseworthy because of the creativity they show in using different materials and suitable designs according to the metals. The craftsmen of Jharkhand create weapons ornaments hunting implements and agricultural equipments out of metals. Gold and silver are basically used in creating jewelleries while sometimes iron is used to create weapons mainly for defensive purposes hunting and agricultural equipments. The Tentri community and Malhar are adept in creating different articles from different materials and the works they exhibit have gained appraisal in different parts of the states as well as the country.  Metal Craft of West Bengal: Metal craft of West Bengal is well recognised for the proficient creations from various metals like brass copper gold silver and some alloys. The metal crafts of West Bengal offer an array of items that range from utilitarian items to traditional jewelleries that are done with chisel work and sometimes Meenakari work. Artisans of Bankura Bishnupur Ghatal and Chandanpur in Midnapore are engaged in engraved brass and bell metal work. In addition to this one of the well appraised forms of metal craft of West Bengal is Dhokra craft which is perhaps the only living tradition of metal image making in Eastern India.  Metal Craft Of Bihar: The beautiful paintings and embroidery work of Bihar handicrafts has a wide market across many countries. Of the many interesting crafts of Bihar the Madhubani Paintings are most famous which are mostly practiced in the region of Mithila. This Painting in Bihar is a craft practiced in Mithilanchal. This is a creative folk painting done by women in the traditional way. Another one is the Stone Work of Bihar is also a popular craft. Some beautiful examples of stone images can be seen in cities like Gaya Nalanda and Patna. Artisans of Muzaffarpur are engaged in Bangle making which is considered to be the center for cottage industries.

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Market places of Indian Crafts E-commerce has provided huge opportunity to entrepreneurs who want to sell internationally online from India. Products like handicrafts apparels artificial jewellery etc. are in great demand in different countries. So there lies a vast potential for Indian suppliers and now is the right time to take the plunge. Selling your products on online marketplaces will help you achieve 2 very essential things as an entrepreneur i.e. it increases brand visibility and engagement and it helps you to acquire a new stream of customers. Some of the online market places in India are:  Flipkart – Flipkart is the India’s largest online marketplace by shipments. Market leader Flipkart has 37 share of the entire industry.  Amazon – Amazon is the second largest in India. Amazon India’s unit market share surged to an estimated 21-24 from 14 during march 2016.  Snapdeal – Snapdeal is known for electronics and it adds up to 14 of the total market share.  Myntra – Myntra is an Indian fashion e-commerce marketplace company headquartered in Bengaluru.  Jabong – is the best Online shopping Portal in India for men women kids for shoes clothing watches sunglasses. Jabong was once thought to own one-quarter of India’s fashion e-commerce market making it the chief threat to Myntra.  eBay– eBay India one of the earliest online marketplaces in the country. The markets for the craft products can be broadly understood as local retail shops – high- end as well as mainstream exhibitions and exports. Among these local markets are still the

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common markets for many artisans. The contemporary markets domestically as well as internationally have grown with an expanding demand for ethnic products that have a story linked to them. India’s handloom and handicraft sector—comprised of artisans who weave and decorate textiles by hand—comprises the largest small-scale or cottage industry in India. It is an integral part of village life providing millions of artisans with employment. These textile crafts play a formative role in defining cultural identity along with marking the artistic intellect and technical proficiency of craftsmen.