TYPES OF DAM & TOP 10 INDIAN DAMS

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A dam is a barrier that impounds water or underground streams. A dam can also be used to collect water or for storage of water which can be evenly distributed between locations. Dams generally serve the primary purpose of retaining water.

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TYPES OF DAM & TOP 10 INDIAN DAMS:

TYPES OF DAM & TOP 10 INDIAN DAMS GANDHI INSTITUTE OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY,GUNUPUR,RAYAGADA,765022 Prepared by 13cv001 K uresh Chandra T ripathy 13cv011 S ubin K umar B ehera 13cv019 Satyajit B ehera 13cv029 Suraj Kumar Agrawal

DAM:

DAM A  dam  is a barrier that  impounds water or underground streams . A dam can also be used to collect water or for storage of water which can be evenly distributed between locations. Dams generally serve the primary purpose of retaining water.

Earth dams :-:

Earth dams :- An  embankment dam  is a large artificial  dam . It is typically created by the placement and compaction of a complex semi-plastic mound of various compositions of soil, sand, clay, or rock. It has a semi-pervious waterproof natural covering for its surface and a dense, impervious core.

Rock fill dams:-:

Rock fill dams:- A  rockfill dam  is a type of embankment  dam  which comprises primarily compacted rock materials. Shaped much like a bank or hill,  rockfill dams  are effective because the force of the river or reservoir hits the core of the embankment, is exerted in a downward direction, and transferred to the solid foundation of the  dam .

Gravity dams:-:

Gravity dams:- A  gravity dam  is a  dam  constructed from concrete or stone masonry and designed to hold back water by primarily utilizing the weight of the material alone to resist the horizontal pressure of water pushing against it. Gravity dams  provide some advantages over embankment  dams .

Arch dams:-:

Arch dams:- An  arch dam  is a solid  dam  made of concrete that is curved upstream in plan. The  arch dam  is designed so that the force of the water against it, known as hydrostatic pressure, presses against the  arch , compressing and strengthening the structure as it pushes into its foundation or abutments.

Steel dams:-:

Steel dams:- A  steel dam  is a type of  dam  (a structure to impound or retard the flow of water) that is made of  steel , rather than the more common masonry, earthworks, concrete or timber construction materials.

Buttress dam:-:

Buttress dam:- A buttress dam or hollow dam is a dam with a solid, water-tight upstream side that is supported at intervals on the downstream side by a series of buttresses or supports. The dam wall may be straight or curved

Timber dams:-:

Timber dams:- a  dam  whose main load-carrying structural elements are made of wood, primarily coniferous varieties such as pine and fir.  Timber dams  are made for small heads (2-4 m or, rarely, 4-8 m) and usually have sluices; according to the design of the apron they are divided into pile, crib, pile-crib, and buttressed  dams .

10 Major Dams of India:

10 Major Dams of India

1.CHERUTHONI DAM, KERALA:

1.CHERUTHONI DAM, KERALA Cheruthoni Dam, the largest concrete gravity dam in  Kerala , is located close to Idukki arch dam. It is the third highest dam in India with a 454 feet-high across River Cheruthoni . Idukki is a hill station in India, is much famous for its wildlife treasure  keenly followed by other attractions too. These two dams are one of best picnic spot for the tourists, The Idukki and Cheruthoni dams opened to the public in connection with the  Onam festival season. At the end of the Cheruthoni dam continue walking along the properly fenced road lead to Idukki Dam. The height of 560 feet brought a thrilling experience and wonderful view of greens valley . Height:  450 feet Length:  2300 feet Type:  Concrete Gravity Dam River:   Cheruthoni River Location:  Kerala Installed capacity:  32 MW

CHERUTHONI DAM, KERALA:

CHERUTHONI DAM, KERALA

2.Indira Sagar Dam, Madhya Pradesh :

2.Indira Sagar Dam, Madhya Pradesh Indira sagar dam built on the Narmada river with a height of 92m. is concrete gravity dam, located in Khandwa district of Madhya Pradesh. Indira sagar project was the key project on Narmada river providing excellent storage site of water. Indira Sagar Dam has the biggest reservoir in India. Height: 92 m Length: 653 m Type: Concrete Gravity Dam River: Narmada River Location: Madhya Pradesh Installed capacity: 1,000 MW

INDIRA SAGAR DAM, MADHYA PRADESH :

INDIRA SAGAR DAM, MADHYA PRADESH

3.KRISHNARAJSAGAR DAM, KARNATAKA :

3.KRISHNARAJSAGAR DAM, KARNATAKA Krishnarajasagar dam built across  Kaveri River near Mysore in Karnataka. It is one of the principal and largest dam built on the river Kaveri in Karnatakain , South India. The Kaveri is one of the major river in India and there is a Famous and beautiful Brindavan Gardens attached to the dam, its a part of the Krishna Raja Sagar Dam and is the most beautiful gardens in Mysore and one of best Garden in India. Height:  125 feet Length:  3.5km Type:  Masonry Dam River:   Kaveri River Location:  Karnataka Installed capacity:  200 MW

KRISHNARAJASAGAR DAM, KARNATAKA:

KRISHNARAJASAGAR DAM, KARNATAKA

4.METTUR DAM, TAMIL NADU :

4.METTUR DAM, TAMIL NADU Mettur Dam built across Kaveri River at Salem district in Tamil Nadu with a height of 120 ft. It is one the largest and one of the oldest dam built in India. Mettur Dam has biggest and the most power generating capacity dam in Tamil Nadu. Mettur Dam is very beautiful place of tourist, the river is a wonderful site to explorer the nature. Height:  120 ft. Length:  1700 meters Type:  Concrete Dam River:   Kaveri River Location:  Tamil Nadu Installed capacity:  32 MW

METTUR DAM, TAMIL NADU :

METTUR DAM, TAMIL NADU

5.BISALPUR DAM, RAJASTHAN :

5.BISALPUR DAM, RAJASTHAN The greatest dam of Rajasthan- Bisalpur , located in Tonk District of Rajasthan. The dam is built across the Banas River between two mountains. The largest dam of Rajasthan- Bisalpur with a height of 39m is one of the honor of Rajasthan. Tonk dam attract vast variety of birds local as well as migratory. Height:  130 ft. Length:  1883  ft Type:  Gravity Dam River:   Banas River Location: Rajasthan Installed capacity:  172 MW

BISALPUR DAM, RAJASTHAN:

BISALPUR DAM, RAJASTHAN

6.KOYNA DAM, MAHARASHTRA :

6.KOYNA DAM, MAHARASHTRA Koyna Dam is built across river koyana in Koyna Naga Maharashtra with a height of 103m. It is one of the largest dams in Maharashtra located at western ghats . The lake founded by the Koyna dam is called The  Shivaji Lake, the area is surrounded with the natural beauty of Sahyadri  Mountains Ranges. Height:  339 ft. Length:  2,648 ft Type:  Rubble-Concrete dam River:   Koyna River Location:  Maharashtra Installed capacity:  1,920 MW

KOYNA DAM, MAHARASHTRA :

KOYNA DAM, MAHARASHTRA

7.MAITHON DAM, JHARKHAND :

7.MAITHON DAM, JHARKHAND Maithon Dam is built on the river of Barakar located at Maithon and is a big dam in tribal state Jharkhand. Maithon Dam is one of the most popular dams in Jharkhand and one of the most successful multipurpose projects in India. This dam specially designed for flood control and generates high electric power. There is an underground power station, the first of its kind in the whole of South East Asia. Maithon Dam is the biggest reservoir in the  Damodar Valley. Height:  165 ft Length:  15,712  ft Type:  Concrete cum Earthen dam River:   Barakar River Location:  Jharkhand Installed capacity:  60 MW

MAITHON DAM, JHARKHAND :

MAITHON DAM, JHARKHAND

8.RIHAND DAM, UTTAR PRADESH :

8.RIHAND DAM, UTTAR PRADESH The Rihand dam has been built across Rihand River a tributary of Sone river, near Pipri in the Sonbhadra district of Uttar Pradesh. The concrete gravity dam has its maximum height that is 91m.  The reservoir made by Rihand dam is known as Govind Ballabh Pant (GBP) reservoir. Height:  299 ft Length:  3064 ft Type:  Concrete Gravity dam River:   Rihand River Location:  Uttar Pradesh Installed capacity:  300 MW

RIHAND DAM, UTTAR PRADESH :

RIHAND DAM, UTTAR PRADESH

9.TUNGABHADRA DAM, KARNATAKA :

9.TUNGABHADRA DAM, KARNATAKA TungaBhadra dam is constructed across river Tungabhadra, a tributary of River Krishna, located approximately five km from Hospet town in Karnataka, which is also the largest dam in Karnataka. It offers a majestic sight, along with a Japanese garden, musical mountain and a beautiful scenery of nature. Height:  49.38 meters Length:  2441 meters Type:  Earthen Gravity Dam River:  Tungabhadra River Location:  Karnataka Installed capacity:  72 MW

TUNGABHADRA DAM, KARNATAKA :

TUNGABHADRA DAM, KARNATAKA

10.BHAVANI SAGAR DAM, TAMIL NADU :

10.BHAVANI SAGAR DAM, TAMIL NADU The Bhavani Sagar Dam constructed across Bhavani river, is located 80 Km away from Coimbatore city, Tamil Nadu. This dam looks very beautiful and one of the important tourist place in the district of Erode. The Bhavanisagar dam is 8 km. long and it is the longest masonry dam in the world. Height:  105  ft Length:  1700 meters Type:  Earthen dam River:   Bhavani River Location:  Tamil Nadu Installed capacity:  1,920 MW

BHABANISAGAR DAM, TAMIL NADU :

BHABANISAGAR DAM, TAMIL NADU

THANK YOU ALL:

THANK YOU ALL

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