Linking Adverbials

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Dear Samantha - I really enjoyed reading your powerpoint and would like to use it to help in a forthcoming IELTS summer school I will be teaching. I would like to ask if you would mind sharing it with me for this purpose? My email is [email protected] Thank you so much

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Cohesive Devices : 

Cohesive Devices Prepared by Samantha Arias

Linking Adverbials : 

Linking Adverbials

What is a Linking Adverbial? : 

What is a Linking Adverbial? We use linking adverbials to explicitly state relationships between sentences, paragraphs, and ideas. The result is increased cohesion (relevancy) of text.

Linking adverbials can show 6 different categories of relationships: : 

Linking adverbials can show 6 different categories of relationships: Enumeration and addition Summation Apposition Result/Inference Contrast/Concession Transition

Enumerative Linking Adverbials : 

Enumerative Linking Adverbials These linking adverbials are used to give order to a text or sentence. ordinal numbers first, second, third, etc. Adverbs finally, lastly Phrases for one thing, to begin with, next

Additive Linking Adverbials : 

Additive Linking Adverbials These linking adverbials link items together. They clearly state that two items are similar to each other. also similarly by the same token further(more) likewise moreover

Summative Linking Adverbials : 

Summative Linking Adverbials These linking adverbials signal that the author will summarize the information he or she has already presented. in sum in conclusion to conclude all in all overall to summarize

Appositive Linking Adverbials : 

Appositive Linking Adverbials These linking adverbials can show that the following piece of information is a restatement of the previous information by expressing it in a slightly different manner. which is to say in other words that is

Appositive Linking Adverbials : 

Appositive Linking Adverbials In addition, appositives are used to introduce an example that is the equivalent of the first piece of information. for example for instance namely specifically

Result/Inference Linking Adverbials : 

Result/Inference Linking Adverbials These linking adverbials demonstrate to readers that the following textual element is the result or consequence of the previous information. consequently thus as a result hence so therefore

Contrast/Concession Linking Adverbials : 

Contrast/Concession Linking Adverbials Contrast linking adverbials signal differences or alternatives between two pieces of information. on the other hand in contrast alternatively conversely by comparison instead

Contrast/Concession Linking Adverbials : 

Contrast/Concession Linking Adverbials Whereas Concession linking adverbials demonstrate that the following pieces of information signal a reservation concerning the previous information. though anyway however nevertheless in any case in spite of that

Transition Linking Adverbials : 

Transition Linking Adverbials These linking adverbials signal that the following item will not directly follow the previous item and is not necessarily directly related to the previous topic. now meanwhile by the by incidentally by the way

Coordinating Conjunctions : 

Coordinating Conjunctions

Coordinating Conjunctions : 

Coordinating Conjunctions The three main coordinators are: and but or

Coordinating Conjunctions : 

Coordinating Conjunctions Notice that each coordinator signals a specific relationship. and → addition but → contrast or → alternative

Subordinating Conjunctions : 

Subordinating Conjunctions

Simple Subordinating Conjunctions : 

Simple Subordinating Conjunctions Simple subordinators consist of single words that introduce dependent clauses. This means that they the following clause depends on the preceding clause. adverbial clauses after, as, because, if, since, although, whether, while degree clauses as, than, that complement clauses if, that, whether

Complex Subordinating Conjunctions : 

Complex Subordinating Conjunctions Complex subordinators are phrases made up of two or more words but have the same function as simple conjunctions. as far as as long as given that on condition that provided that supposing that now that except that so that even though in case even if

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