Chapter 09 - rose

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Group Dynamics:

Group Dynamics INTRAGROUP Is the psychological process occurring with in the social group. INTERGROUP Is the interaction between social groups Refers to a system of behaviours and psychological processes occurring w/in a social group ( intragroup dynamics) or between social groups (intergroup dynamics)

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Group is defined as two or more freely interacting individuals who share collective norms and goals and have a common identity. Purpose of a group: Mechanism for common safety Foster social relationship Provides learning environment for newer group member The question is why “GROUP DYNAMICS and not just GROUP ?” is there really a difference? Why do we want to become a member of a GROUP? Is there a weakness in a GROUP? Is CROWD also a group?

Group Types and Purpose:

Group Types and Purpose Formal group Informal group - Exist when it is formed by a manager to help the organization accomplish its goal. Function: Organizational Individual Exist when the members overriding purpose of getting together is friendship. Function: Personal

Formal Group Function :

Formal Group Function Organizational Accomplish task that is beyond an individuals capability. Generate new or creative ideas of solution. Coordinate interdepartmental efforts. Provide a problem-solving mechanism for complex problems requiring varied information and assessments. Implement complex decisions. Socialize and train new comers. Individual Satisfy the individuals need for affiliation. Develop, enhance and confirm the individual’s self-esteem and sense of identity. Give opportunity to test and share their perception of social reality. Reduce anxieties, feeling of insecurity and powerlessness. Provide a problem solving mechanism for personal and interpersonal problem.

6 stages of GROUP development:

6 stages of GROUP development Orientation – during this ice breaking period also known as the “getting to know each other stage” individuals from a group tends to be anxious as to their part or role, who’s in charge of the group’s goal. Failure of the formal leader to assert his/her authority would lead to an emergent leader or transitory power. Conflict and challenge – this is a time of testing as individuals test’s the leaders policies and assumptions as they try to determine as how they fit in the power structure. It is widely believed that many group stall during this period. Cohesion – in lay-mans term meaning “BONDING” groups that made it this far do so bec. Of a respected member who challenges the group to resolve its power struggle. Delusion – a feeling of having through the worst sense of relief participation is very active on this stage the quest for harmony and goodwill causes some of the member to stifle complaints. Disillusion – the unrealistic sense of harmony causes some of the member to question the groups fulfilment of goals. Conflict bet. Subgroups often arise whether or not individuals should reveal their strength or weakness. Acceptance - once again the influential member usually not the leader who challenges his/her peers to do some reality testing. Ð


ROLES & NORMS - Are set of behaviours that persons expect of occupants in a position. - Is an attitude, opinion feelings or action shared by two or more people that guides their behaviour. ROLE EPISODES ROLE OVERLOAD ROLE AMBIGUITY Why it is Developed? Explicit statement Critical events Primacy Carryover behaviours Negative side

3 Major threats to Group Dynamics:

3 Major threats to Group Dynamics Asch effect – giving into unanimous but wrong opposition or simply turning your back to right decision and giving in to group pressure. Groupthink – are external forces exerted to the leader to make the wrong decision but unlike the first threat this group are social and friends to each other. Social loafing – simply put not giving effort by some group members.

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Leadership Styles:

Leadership Styles MANAGERS ARE EXPECTED TO: Handle responsibility to the group. Give someone a chance to fill in weak spot. Monitor feedback and dimension of group structure and composition. Handle ‘gender’ equality. To have a directive and structured leadership to being a participative and supportive attitude as the group matures. Most importantly to instil the word “WE and US” to all group member.