2011_NES_Symposium

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Johnson Elementary Magnet for Science, Technology, Engineering and Math Grade Levels: 4th and 5th NASA Student Science Design Team An Extracurricular Activity

About Us::

About Us: The entire team was notified of a special opportunity : The 2011 NASA Explorer School Student Symposium

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Required a scientific investigation Required a lot of outside classroom work. About Us: Required a virtual presentation with NASA engineers.

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Only (4) students accepted this challenge! Taniya 5th Grader Maurice 5th Grader Lauryn 5th Grader Jaelin 5th Grader And we are ready to compete at the virtual symposium.

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Team 1 Maurice and Jaelin

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Team 2 Lauryn and Taniya

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The LT Science Girls Designing Lunar Plant Growth Chambers

Presentation Format:

Presentation Format (This PowerPoint is for viewing prior to presentation.) Each team will: Speak using their final project. Discuss their designs and their reasoning. Discuss their problems, constraints, and solutions. Discuss what NASA Careers are associated with this engineering project. Discuss what they learned from participating in this engineering challenge.

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Our Mission Our mission is to design a lunar plant growth chamber in order to provide an alternate source of food for future lunar settlements.

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Our Challenge Design a lunar plant growth chamber that is stable enough to grow plants that can sustain life over an extended period of time. Our Process Follow the engineering design process. Brainstorm how to construct a stable chamber Find solutions to our problems and constraints

Project Description (1 of 2):

Content Area: Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math Project Groupings: (2) Teams of 2 Students are using the engineering design process to design a lunar plant growth chamber for future lunar settlements. Project Description (1 of 2)

Project Description (2 of 2):

Enclosed structure that permits sunlight to enter Solar Power System Water System Electrical or Light System Planting Area Project Description (2 of 2) Each plant growth chamber had to include the following specifications:

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Preparation Steps Students Researched Current NASA Lunar Plant Chambers and Hydroponic Systems

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Preparation Steps Students gathered everyday materials for construction Aluminum pans Chopsticks Aluminum foil Water bottles Plastic tubing Clear plastic bowls old t-shirt (for wicks) plastic sheeting

Preparation Steps Understanding How Electrical Circuits Work:

Preparation Steps Understanding How Electrical Circuits Work Students experimented with various types of batteries, metals, and light bulbs in order to design their lighting system

Preparation Steps Understanding How Electrical Circuits Work:

Preparation Steps Understanding How Electrical Circuits Work Students experimented with various types of batteries, metals, and light bulbs in order to design their lighting system

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Watering System Each team will discuss their Hydroponic Watering System

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Lighting System Each team will discuss their Lighting System

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Team 1 Maurice and Jaelin

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Floor Plan – Aerial View (1 of 2) Maurice & Jaelin

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Floor Plan – Side View (2 of 2) Maurice & Jaelin

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Team 1 Maurice and Jaelin

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Team 1 Maurice and Jaelin

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Team 1 Maurice and Jaelin

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Team 1 Maurice and Jaelin

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Chose 2 Types of Watering Systems Team 1 Maurice and Jaelin Traditional soda bottle wick system Water Bottle w/ tubing and wick placed in a potting bowl Using a wick or a tube

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Electrical System Team 1 Maurice and Jaelin

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Team 1 Maurice and Jaelin

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Team 2 Lauryn and Taniya

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Design Plan - Aerial View (1 of 2) Lauryn & Taniya

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Design Plan – Side View (2 of 2) Lauryn & Taniya

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Team 2 Lauryn and Taniya

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Team 2 Lauryn and Taniya

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Team 2 Lauryn and Taniya

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Team 2 Lauryn and Taniya

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Team 2 Lauryn and Taniya Water Bottle w/ tubing and wick placed in a (2) potting bowls Team chose to use a wick and tubing watering system

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Team 2 Lauryn and Taniya Team chose to use a battery operated lighting system

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Team 2 Lauryn and Taniya Team chose to use a black rocks to storage extra energy for the 14 days of night.

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Team 2 Lauryn and Taniya

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Team 1 and 2 Solar Power System Each team will discuss how they will operate their lighting system using solar power.

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Project Constraints The team discussed the problems and constraints they encountered during the engineering process and how they found their solutions.

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List of Problems & Constraints Each team will address the following issues they encountered in their presentation: Time Teacher Constraints Students’ Personal Constraints Team Member Constraints Engineering Problems & Constraints

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NASA Careers Each team will shared what NASA careers they feel would be associated with this design challenge.

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What We Learned Each team will shared what they learned from being a part of the engineering project.

Why build lunar plant chambers?:

Why build lunar plant chambers? For future missions and possible lunar settlements. Will you be there?

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And the winners are………! Taniya 5th Grader Lauryn 5th Grader For the 2011 NASA Explorer School Student Symposium NASA Kennedy Space Center - Orlando, Florida May 4- 7, 2009

4th Grade- Standards:

4th Grade- Standards 4th Grade - Physical Sciences 1. Electricity and magnetism are related effects that have many useful applications in everyday life. As a basis for understanding this concept: 1a. Students know how to design and build simple series and parallel circuits by using components such as wires, batteries, and bulbs. 1g. Students know electrical energy can be converted to heat, light, and motion. 4th Grade - Life Sciences 2. All organisms need energy and matter to live and grow. As a basis for understanding this concept: 2a. Students know plants are the primary source of matter and energy entering most food chains. 2c. Formulate and justify predictions based on cause-and-effect relationships. 2d. Conduct multiple trials to test a prediction and draw conclusions about the relationships between predictions and results. Science Standards

4th Grade- Standards:

4th Grade- Standards 4th Grade - Investigation and Experimentation 6. Scientific progress is made by asking meaningful questions and conducting careful investigations. As a basis for understanding this concept and addressing the content in the other three strands, students should develop their own questions and perform investigations. Students will: 6a. Differentiate observation from inference (interpretation) and know scientists’ explanations come partly from what they observe and partly from how they interpret their observations. 6c. Formulate and justify predictions based on cause-and-effect relationships. 6d. Conduct multiple trials to test a prediction and draw conclusions about the relationships between predictions and results. Science Standards

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Science Standards 5th Grade - Life Sciences 2: Plants and animals have structures for respiration, digestion, waste disposal, and transport of materials. As a basis for understanding this concept: 2a. Students kno w plants use carbon dioxide (CO2) and energy from sunlight to build molecules of sugar and release oxygen 5th Grade - Investigation and Experimentation 6. Scientific progress is made by asking meaningful questions and conducting careful investigations. As a basis for understanding this concept and addressing the content in the other three strands, students should develop their own questions and perform investigations. Students will: 6c. Plan and conduct a simple investigation based on a student-developed question and write instructions others can follow to carry out the procedure. 6d. Identify the dependent and controlled variables in an investigation. 6e. Identify a single independent variable in a scientific investigation and explain how this variable can be used to collect information to answer a question about the results of the experiment. 6h. Draw conclusions from scientific evidence and indicate whether further information is needed to support a specific conclusion.

Technology Resources:

Technology Resources Promethean Board Tanburg VideoConference Unit Epson Projector RedCat Amplifier Teacher Laptops Computer Lab Computers Classroom Network Printer NASA Curriculum / Websites Epson Poster Maker Printer Flashdrive BrainPop Subscription Digital Camera Rolling Computer Tables

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Hydroponics Constraints Inverter AC to DC Conversion Symposium Virtual Videoconference Our New Words

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Dictionary.com - http://dictionary.reference.com/ FactMonster Dictionary - http://dictionary.factmonster.com Hydropnics Experiments for Kids - http://www.hydroponics101.com/sw63175.asp Hydroponics - Space Settlement Relevance http://www.nas.nasa.gov/About/Education/SpaceSettlement/teacher/lessons/contributed/thomas/hydroponics/hydroponics.html NASA Engineering Design Challenge – Lunar Plant Growth Chamber http://www.nasa.gov/audience/foreducators/plantgrowth/joinchallenge/index.html BrainPop Video - Electric Circuits http://www.brainpop.com/science/energy/electriccircuits BrainPop Video - Solar Energy http://www.brainpop.com/science/energy/solarenergy Citations

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Questions

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