4G Base Station To 5G Base Station

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4G LTE will evolve in the long term, emphasizing evolution. Therefore, the name of the 4G base station is added to the front of the Node B with an Evolved, which becomes the e Node B, evolved Node B.

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Presentation Transcript

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4G Base Station To 5G Base Station Source: EAHiSON 4G: Legendary Single RAN 4G LTE will evolve in the long term emphasizing evolution. Therefore the name of the 4G base station is added to the front of the Node B with an Evolved which becomes the e Node B evolved Node B. In the 4G era software radio not only opened a window for the base station but also opened a door. The biggest feature of the base station in the 4G era is Single RAN which is a set of devices that combines 2G/3G/4G standards. Single RAN also applies software-defined radio technology. It is another major change in mobile base stations after the separation of BBU and RRU which further reduces the complexity and construction cost of the base station antenna. Single RAN was first introduced by Huawei. As early as 2008 at this time it has not entered the 4G era. Huawei and Vodafone deployed the worlds first Single RAN base station that integrates 2G and 3G. Subsequently operators such as Latin América Móvil Finland TeliaSonera Sweden Net4Mobility and Aero2... have purchased Huawei Single RAN products because Huaweis Single RAN makes full use of the flexibility of software and standards and is aimed at future 2G/3G/4G integration which can be lower. Costly provides operators with a smooth evolution to 4G channels. Image from the Singlera report of Vodafone in the early years

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Single RAN helped Huawei to win a lot of orders and laid a solid foundation for Huawei to open the 4G market. At that time overseas media reported that Single RAN has become a star in the industry. The Economist reported that after deploying Huaweis Single RAN América Móvil reduced its base station power consumption by 50 and the required number of devices by 70. Fortune" magazine said in a report that Huawei Single RAN equipment can handle 2G 3G WiMax CDMA GSM and other types of signals in a "box" which is making this Chinese equipment manufacturer a more powerful competitor because the product can help operators save a lot of money. Single RAN a legendary product in Huaweis wireless history has helped Huawei to open up overseas territory in an unprecedented way. Since then it has entered the 4G era and Huaweis share of wireless devices has climbed from fourth to first in the industry 5G: Base station reconstruction Now entering the 5G era 5G antenna supports ultra-high speed ultra-low latency and ultra-multiple connections. The business is diversified and puts new requirements on the base station: 1. The forward bandwidth of the 5G base station is as high as several hundred G to Tbps. The CPRI optical interface between the traditional BBU and the RRU is too much pressure and some functions need to be separated to reduce the forward transmission bandwidth. 2. 5G is for multi-service low-latency applications need to be closer to users ultra-large-scale IoT applications require efficient processing and 5G base stations should have flexible expansion capabilities. Unlike the BBU+RRU architecture of a 4G base station the 5G base station is reconstructed into three parts: a CU Central Unit a DU Distributed Unit and an AAU/RRU Remote Radio Unit. The network between the RRU/AAU and the DU is called the preamble the CU and the DU are called the middle transmission and the CU to the core network is called the back transmission.

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Such an architecture design can better promote RAN virtualization and reduce the forward bandwidth while meeting low latency requirements. There are four main deployment methods for future 5G base stations: 1. RRU/AAU CU and DU are deployed independently The distance between the RRU and the DU is in the range of 0-20 km and the distance between the DU and the CU can reach tens of kilometers. 2. CU and DU co-site deployment CU and DU together there is no transmission the current 5G base station is basically this way. 3. RRU/AAU and DU are deployed nearby RRUs and DUs are deployed close to each other possibly hundreds of meters for example to achieve different floor coverage within a building. 4 RRU / AAU DU and CU integrated deployment This situation is usually applied to the micro-station coverage hotspot and only the backhaul is available in this scenario. I almost forgot to talk about it the 5G base station is called gNB. Why is it called gNB

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The full name of gNB is called next Generation Node B. Originally it should be ngNB but only one letter can be kept in front. If it is called nNB Grandma B It seems that this name is not very nice so just call gNB. In fact when naming 5G base stations in the early days the major manufacturers proposed different methods. For example ZTE called NB BS ATT called fNB NEC called 5NB and Intel called gNB... Finally 3GPP was uniformly identified as gNB. But is it just a gNB that can represent a 5G base station No. As we all know early 5G deployments have a variety of options including stand-alone deployment and non-independent deployment so the names of 5G base stations in various combinations have also changed. Anchored to the existing 4G base station and core network the 5G base station at this time is called en-gNB if the option 7 is adopted later the 4G base station under the 5G core network is no longer called eNB but is called ng-eNB. Is it a 5G base station or a 4G base station Also as mentioned above the 5G base station is separated into DU CU and AAU/RRU. Therefore there should be gNB DU gNB CU plus various pre-transmission separation schemes and there will be lls-gNB- DU lls-gNB-CU... lls separation of the underlying functions Finally use a picture to describe the history of mobile base stations in 40 years it should be like this... EAHiSON Communication Eahison Communication Co. Ltd. was founded in 2009. With a vertically integrated

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manufacturing process together with discipline and stringent QC processes we are able to control every stage of production and ensure consistently high quality. Our main product is Base Station Antenna Street Station Antenna directional antenna ceiling antenna panel antenna and log periodic antenna IN-Building Antenna Small Cell Antenna EAHiSON WIFI Antenna Internet of Things Antenna and Camouflage Antenna. To learn more please visit here: https://www.eahison.com/products.html

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