Arteriovenous Access for Hemodialysis Test

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Review for Hemodialysis: AV Access

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Review for Hemodialysis Exam: AV Access:

Review for Hemodialysis Exam: AV Access

Slide2:

1. ______________________ describes blood from the venous needle going straight back to the arterial needle. A. Reactivation B. Recirculation C. Rebound

Slide4:

2. Grafts may be surgically created in a __________________________ configuration. A. Straight or loop B. Crossed or loop C. Straight or crossed

Slide6:

3. The AVG arteriovenous graft is an access created by a direct connection of the patient’s own artery and vein. A. True B. False

Slide8:

4. The achievement of an adequate haemodialysis treatment depends on the blood flow through the dialyser . A. True B. False

Slide9:

5. Both synthetic and biological materials can be used for an AVG creation . A. True B. False

Slide10:

6. A graft ___________________________ than a native vein, resulting in higher pressures inside the graft. A. Is less compliant B. Is more compliant C. Is softer

Slide11:

7. An anastomosis is a surgically created connection between an artery and a vein . A. True B. False

Slide12:

8. When surgically creating an AVG artificial graft material is implanted. A. True B. False

Slide13:

9. An (AVF) arteriovenous fistula is the safest but most problematic access A. True B. False

Slide14:

10. ____________________________ refers to the cannulation technique used allowing for rotation of sites. A. Rope ladder B. Buttonhole C. Constant site

Slide15:

11. An arteriovenous fistula AVF is created using a native vein. A. True B. False

Slide16:

12. An AV graft is created using a native vein. A. True B. False

Slide17:

13. An AVG arteriovenous graft requires less time for maturation than an AVF. A. True B. False

Slide18:

14. A dysfunctional access will improve dialysis adequacy. A. True B. False

Slide19:

15. An AV graft has less problems and generally a longer life span than an AV fistula . A. True B. False

Slide20:

16. A newly constructed AVF usually needs less than one week to develop to a size where it can be cannulated . A. True B. False

Slide21:

17. If an AVF arteriovenous fistula is not possible then an AVG arteriovenous graft is the next choice for vascular access. A. True B. False

Slide22:

18. If an AVF arteriovenous fistula is not possible then a central venous catheter (CVC) is the next choice for permanent vascular access . A. True B. False

Slide23:

19. Constant site cannulation method is another name for __________________ cannulation technique. A. Rope ladder B. Area C. Buttonhole

Slide24:

20. The venous needle must always be placed closest to the anastomosis and facing towards it . A. True B. False

Slide25:

21. Prior to cannulation it is important to listen for the ____________ and feel for the _____________. A. Thrill and bruit B. Bruit and thrill C. Tamponade and thrill

Slide26:

22. It is important to determine that an access is ________________ before inserting the needles A. Permeable B. Pliable C. Patent

Slide27:

23. The venous needle must always be placed in the direction of the ______________________ in the access. A. Flow of blood B. Anastomosis C. Pulse

Slide28:

24. ____________________ is the main cause of access swelling following needle placement. A. Aneurysm B. Infection C. Infiltration

Slide29:

25. The arterial needle must always face in the opposite direction from the venous needle. A. True B. False

Slide30:

26. A functional vascular access is crucial for all dialysis patients. A. True B. False

Slide31:

27. In general an AVF requires 4-6 weeks for maturation. A. True B. False

Slide32:

28. When surgically creating an AVF artificial graft material is implanted. A. True B. False

Slide33:

29. The arterial needle must always be placed ___________________ the anastomosis than the venous needle. A. Nearer to B. Further from C. Equidistant to

Slide34:

30. An access must be reliable and withstand repetitive cannulation. A. True B. False

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