Understanding Lab Values for Hemodialysis

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Laboratory Values for Hemodialysis

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Understanding Lab Values for Hemodialysis:

Understanding Lab Values for Hemodialysis Reynel Dan Galicinao

Serum Creatinine:

Serum Creatinine Creatinine is a waste product in your blood that comes from muscle activity It is normally removed from your blood by your kidneys, but when kidney function slows down, the creatinine level rises Used to calculate your GFR

Glomerular Filtration Rate:

Glomerular Filtration Rate GFR tells how much kidney function you have Estimated from your blood level of creatinine If your GFR falls below 30 you will need to see a nephrologist Your kidney doctor will speak to you about treatments for kidney failure like dialysis or kidney transplant. A GFR below 15 indicates that you need to start one of these treatments.

Blood Urea Nitrogen :

Blood Urea Nitrogen Urea nitrogen is a normal waste product in your blood that comes from the breakdown of protein from the foods you eat and from your body metabolism Normally removed from your blood by your kidneys, but when kidney function slows down, the BUN level rises. BUN can also rise if you eat more protein, and it can fall if you eat less protein.

Urine Protein:

Urine Protein When your kidneys are damaged, protein leaks into your urine A simple test can be done to detect protein in your urine Persistent protein in the urine is an early sign of chronic kidney disease

Microalbuminuria:

Microalbuminuria This is a sensitive test that can detect a small amount of protein in the urine

Urine Creatinine:

Urine Creatinine This test estimates the concentration of your urine and helps to give an accurate protein result Protein-to-Creatinine Ratio: This estimates the amount of protein you excrete in your urine in a day and avoids the need to collect a 24-hour sample of your urine

Serum Albumin:

Serum Albumin Albumin is a type of body protein made from the protein you eat each day A low level of albumin in your blood may be caused by not getting enough protein or calories from your diet A low level of albumin may lead to health problems such as difficulty fighting off infections Ask your dietitian how to get the right amount of protein and calories from your diet

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