Aspects of Asynchronous and Synchronous Learning - Team B - Week 4 DRA

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Aspects of Asynchronous and Synchronous Learning:

Aspects of Asynchronous and Synchronous Learning Team B: Kathleen Canevari , Maisha Granda , David Scull, and Joan Stevenson AET 531 – Technology for the Adult Learner August 29, 2011 John Wojtecki

Synchronous & Asynchronous Online Learning:

Synchronous & Asynchronous Online Learning Synchronous Online Learning: Real-time instructional intervention Recreation of face-to-face instruction through Internet-based technology Includes real-time webcasts, virtual classrooms and online meeting rooms Asynchronous Online Learning: Communications not in real-time Self-paced learning Includes discussion boards, email, chat rooms (Murphy & Coleman, 2004)

Advantages of Synchronous Learning:

Advantages of Synchronous Learning Students and teachers are interacting in real-time Students can record or download to view session later Classmates are able to work cohesively Reduces costs for institution Increases scheduling flexibility and convenience for all Teacher can tailor course material to better meet student needs Increases class accountability- "attendance" is easily tracked (Business Software, 2011)

Disadvantages of Synchronous Learning:

Disadvantages of Synchronous Learning Staff and students need to be familiar with the technology Everyone needs the correct web 2.0 tools All students "attend" class at the same time Time zone differences need to be considered Less interactive than face-to-face class Internet connection needs to be broadband which is not available everywhere More expense required for web 2.0 tools ( Schullo , 2006)

Advantages of Asynchronous Learning:

Advantages of Asynchronous Learning Student control More time to craft responses Promotes critical thinking Flexibility More students interact (Murphy & Coleman, 2004)

Disadvantages of Asynchronous Learning:

Disadvantages of Asynchronous Learning Lack of visual or auditory cues Some students may dominate discussions Off-topic discussions Unanswered posts Impersonal medium (Murphy & Coleman, 2004)

Synchronous Facilitation Strategies:

Synchronous Facilitation Strategies Be a good host Inflate a bubble of concentration Be a ringmaster Specify and Maintain Focus; Set ground rules Use technical means to focus attention Manage sideshows Allow learners to respond within their learning style and preference Use virtual body language (Finkelstein, 2006)

Asynchronous Facilitation Strategies:

Asynchronous Facilitation Strategies Design great questions Interact frequently with students so that a continual facilitator presence is perceived Keep the discussions on track Encourage student participation through: Reasonably prompt response to student contribution Rapid subsequent interaction Respond mainly to individual students Disperse facilitator response evenly throughout the forum Provide corrective guidance in private (Ng, Cheung, & Hew, 2009)

Synchronous and Asynchronous Learners :

Learners in Synchronous Classrooms Learners in Asynchronous Classrooms Able to set specific time aside to attend live class sessions Do not have the ability to commit to the same time block for class each week Can seek clarification on concepts and receive immediate feedback from the facilitator or fellow learners Can engage in the classroom discussion 24/7 Must have self-discipline to log into classroom at a scheduled time Questions can be posted in various forums for classmates or facilitator to respond to Must be willing to engage in the discussion and avoid distractions outside of the classroom. Self-motivated and possess time management skills Synchronous and Asynchronous Learners (Morris, 2009).

Synchronous and Asynchronous Facilitators:

Facilitators in Synchronous Classrooms Facilitators in Asynchronous Classrooms Must be able to present information, field questions, respond to messages in a chat box, and share files Can answer questions or provide feedback when it is convenient Comfortable presenting into a camera or microphone Do not have stand in front or be visible to the class Effective teaching methods that encourage involvement and participation from students Effective by engaging learning with follow up questions Set the tone for the course and guide students Create comfortable virtual environment for students Synchronous and Asynchronous Facilitators (Morris, 2009).

Choice of Delivery Mechanism:

Choice of Delivery Mechanism


Business Software. (2011). Virtual training . Retrieved from Finkelstein, J. (2006). Learning in real time: Synchronous teaching and learning online . San Francisco, CA: Jossey -Bass. Morris, D.(2009). Pros and cons of online education for the world citizen . Retrieved from Murphy, E. & Coleman, E. (2004, Spring). Graduate students’ experiences of challenges in online asynchronous discussions. Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology, 30 (2), online. Retrieved from Ng, C. S., Cheung, W. S., & Hew, K. F. (2009). Sustaining asynchronous online discussions: contributing factors and peer facilitation techniques. J. Educational Computing Research, 41 ( 4), 477-511. Schullo , S. (2006 ). A tale of two systems elluminate live vs. macromedia breeze . 22d Annual Conference on Distance Teaching and Learning. Retrieved from The Learning House, Inc. (2011). How do virtual classrooms work? Retrieved from References