History of sericulture

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SER 201 SERICULTURAL TECHNOLOGIES (1+1) ASSIGNMENT ON: “ History of sericulture Importance of sericulture, and Silkroad ” Submitted by, M.Raveendran , BSA-11-1528


Sericulture Sericulture is an art of rearing silkworm for the production of cocoons which is the raw material for the production of silk.

Sericulture Activities:

Sericulture Activities Moriculture Silkworm Seed Production Silkworm Rearing Marketing of cocoons Silk Reeling Marketing of Raw silk Silk Weaving

Moriculture :

Moriculture Cultivation of mulberry plants is referred to as Moriculture. It is an agricultural activity. In Tamil Nadu, mulberry cultivation is mainly taken up in irrigated condition. Well drained, good water holding capacity soil(loam or clay loam) is ideal for mulberry cultivation.

 Silkworm Seed Production :

Silkworm Seed Production It is also known as production of disease free eggs. or disease free laying of silkworm eggs. By silkworm seed producing centers and supply to farmers for rearing. Both Government and private sector grainages are involved in this activity.

 Silkworm Rearing :

Silkworm Rearing Silkworms are reared in well ventilated rearing room, the rearing room should be, Disinfected before the silkworm rearing, Free from birds, other pests. The farmers rear silkworms and produce cocoons

 Marketing of cocoons :

Marketing of cocoons After getting the cocoon the farmers can sell the cocoon by them in the nearest Govt. Cocoon Markets

Silk Reeling:

Silk Reeling Extraction of silk filament from cocoons by employing a set of processes is known as silk reeling. Three types of reeling devices, Charka, (50% silk produced) Cottage basins,(35-40%) Multi-end basins.(5-10%)

Silk Reeling:

Silk Reeling

 Marketing of Raw silk :

Marketing of Raw silk The raw silks produced by the silk reelers are marketed directly to the weavers or through Silk Exchanges.

Silk Weaving:

Silk Weaving The raw silk cannot be directly used for weaving. The raw silk is to be twisted before they are fed into looms. The operation of conversion of raw silk into twisted silk, is termed as twisting. Two types of looming, Handloom powerloom


Looming Hand looming Power looming

History of Sericulture:

History of Sericulture Silk was discovered in China by the Empress Xi-Ling Shi. Silk is one of the oldest fiber known to man.

History of Sericulture:

History of Sericulture Silk as valuable fibre. In beginning, silk was worm only by the royal family. In ancient days, this silk products are(silk cloth) equal important to gold. =

History of Sericulture in India:

History of Sericulture in India About two and half centuries ago silk was introduced into Karnataka by Tipu Sultan , the ruler of the State. Today it is the biggest silk producing centre in India. India got secound place in silk production in the world next to china.

History of Sericulture in India:

History of Sericulture in India Pre British Period: 58 BC – Raw silk was exported from India to Rome during the region of Kanishka through Silk Road. British Period: 1911 – Sericulture departments in Karnataka 1919 - Sericulture departments in Madras 1921 – Mysore Silk Association


Con.. 1936 – Mysore spun silk. 1942 – Silk conditioning and testing house at Mysore. 1943 – Sericulture Research Station , Berhampore. 1945 – Silk Development Directorate. 1947 – All India Silk conference.

Important Institutions and organizations related to Sericulture: :

Important Institutions and organizations related to Sericulture: 1949 - Central Silk Board (CSB), Bangalore. Central Sericultural Research & Training Institute (CSR & TI), Mysore. 1969 – Sericultural Research Station, Berhampore. 1981 – National Silkworm Seed Project (NSSP).


Con… 1983 – Central Silk Technology Research Institute (CSTRI), Bangalore. 1991 - Silkworm Seed Technology Laboratory (SSTL), Bangalore. 1993 – Seribiotech laboratory.

History of sericulture in Tamilnadu:

History of sericulture in Tamilnadu Sericulture introduced in Tamil Nadu from the border area of Karnataka during early 1960. Now Tamil Nadu Stands number one in Bivoltine Silk production in India.

Importance of sericulture:

Importance of sericulture India has the unique distinction of being the only country producing all the five kinds of silk- Mulberry silkworm, Eri silkworm, Muga silkworm Tasar Tropical tasar Temperate tasar.


Con… India occupies second position among the silk producing countries in the world besides being the largest silk consumer. Sericulture is a cottage industry, suitable for small farm and marginal holdings, which provides.


Con… High employment potential. Provides vibrancy to village economics. Low gestation and high return. Women friendly occupation. Ideal programme for weaker sections of the society. Eco-friendly activity. Satisfies equity concerns.


Silkroad Silkroad is a prestigious network tread routes linking the civilization of the East represented by China with the civilization of the West represented by Rome. Length of the silkroad is 6400km.


Reference: Aruga, H. 1994. Principles of Sericulture. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, 376 p. www.tnsericulture.gov.in/prototype2/brief note on sericulture.htm www.tnsericulture.gov.in/prototype2/schpoly note1.htm

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