gerundsandinfinitives

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Gerunds and Infinitives :

Ratna Pathak, KV Pushp Vihar, New Delhi Gerunds and Infinitives Verbs that are not verbs

Gerunds are formed with ING:

Ratna Pathak, KV Pushp Vihar, New Delhi Gerunds are formed with ING walking, talking, thinking, listening

Infinitives are formed with TO :

Ratna Pathak, KV Pushp Vihar, New Delhi Infinitives are formed with TO to walk, to talk, to think, to listen

Subject of a sentence :

Ratna Pathak, KV Pushp Vihar, New Delhi Subject of a sentence Both gerunds and infinitives can be the subject of a sentence: Writing in English is difficult. To write in English is difficult.

Object of a verb :

Ratna Pathak, KV Pushp Vihar, New Delhi Object of a verb Both gerunds and infinitives can be the object of a verb: I like writing in English. I like to write in English.

But...:

Ratna Pathak, KV Pushp Vihar, New Delhi But... Only gerunds can be the object of a preposition: We are talking about writing in English.

Guidelines to use gerunds and infinitives:

Ratna Pathak , KV Pushp Vihar, New Delhi Guidelines to use gerunds and infinitives It is often difficult to know when to use a gerund and when to use an infinitive. These guidelines may help you:

Gerunds :

Ratna Pathak, KV Pushp Vihar, New Delhi Gerunds Gerunds are often used when actions are real, concrete or completed: I stopped laughing. (The laughing was real and happened until I stopped.)

Infinitives :

Ratna Pathak, KV Pushp Vihar, New Delhi Infinitives Infinitives are often used when actions are unreal, abstract, or future: I stopped to laugh. (I was doing something else, and I stopped; the laughing had not happened yet.)

Exercises:

Ratna Pathak, KV Pushp Vihar, New Delhi Exercises Yuri was in his first year at university, studying History. He was rather a lazy student, and he tended to avoid (work) _______whenever he could. In the middle of the semester, his history professor gave out an assignment, due in two weeks. Yuri intended (do) _______ the assignment, but he postponed (write) _______ it for a week. The following week, he forgot (do) _______ it. The night before the assignment was due, he suddenly remembered it, and rushed to the library. He tried (read) _______ as much as possible on the topic, but there wasn't enough time. Yuri considered (ask) _______ for more time to do his paper, but the History professor was known to be very tough on students, so finally he decided (cheat) _______ and copy his paper from somewhere else. He found an old article on the same topic, and quickly typed it out. The next day, he submitted the paper. The following week, he was alarmed (see) _______ the professor approaching him, looking angry. "Is this your own work, or did you copy it?" asked the professor. Yuri denied (copy) _______ the paper. "If you expect me (believe) _______ that, you must be very stupid," said the professor. "Every word is taken from an article I wrote myself five years ago. Did you really think I would forget (write) _______ it?"

Answers:

Ratna Pathak, KV Pushp Vihar, New Delhi Answers Working To do Writing To do To read Asking To cheat To see Copying To believe Writing

Reference:

Ratna Pathak, KV Pushp Vihar, New Delhi Reference http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/410/grammar/gerinf.htm

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