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ADJECTIVES:

Ratna Pathak, TGT (Eng), KV Pushp Vihar, New Delhi 1 ADJECTIVES An adjective modifies a noun or a pronoun by describing, identifying, or quantifying words. An adjective usually precedes the noun or the pronoun which it modifies.

In the following examples, the highlighted words are adjectives: :

Ratna Pathak, TGT (Eng), KV Pushp Vihar, New Delhi 2 In the following examples, the highlighted words are adjectives: The truck-shaped balloon floated over the treetops. The small boat foundered on the wine dark sea. The coal mines are dark and dank . Many stores have already begun to play irritating Christmas music. A battered music box sat on the mahogany sideboard. The back room was filled with large , yellow rain boots.

Possessive Adjectives :

Ratna Pathak, TGT (Eng), KV Pushp Vihar, New Delhi 3 Possessive Adjectives A possessive adjective (``my,'' ``your,'' ``his,'' ``her,'' ``its,'' ``our,'' ``their'') is similar or identical to a possessive pronoun ; however, it is used as an adjective and modifies a noun or a noun phrase , as in the following sentences: I can't complete my assignment because I don't have the textbook. What is your phone number. The bakery sold his favourite type of bread. After many years, she returned to her homeland.

Demonstrative Adjectives :

Ratna Pathak, TGT (Eng), KV Pushp Vihar, New Delhi 4 Demonstrative Adjectives The demonstrative adjectives ``this,'' ``these,'' ``that,'' ``those,'' and ``what'' are identical to the demonstrative pronouns , but are used as adjectives to modify nouns or noun phrases, as in the following sentences: When the librarian tripped over that cord, she dropped a pile of books. This apartment needs to be fumigated. Even though my friend preferred those plates, I bought these.

Interrogative Adjectives :

Ratna Pathak, TGT (Eng), KV Pushp Vihar, New Delhi 5 Interrogative Adjectives In interrogative adjective (``which'' or ``what'') is like an interrogative pronoun, except that it modifies a noun or noun phrase rather than standing on its own (see also demonstrative adjectives and possessive adjectives): Which plants should be watered twice a week? What book are you reading?

Indefinite Adjectives :

Ratna Pathak, TGT (Eng), KV Pushp Vihar, New Delhi 6 Indefinite Adjectives An indefinite adjective is similar to an indefinite pronoun , except that it modifies a noun, pronoun, or noun phrase, as in the following sentences: Many people believe that corporations are under-taxed. I will send you any mail that arrives after you have moved to Mumbai. They found a few goldfish floating belly up in the swan pound.

Reference:

Ratna Pathak, TGT (Eng), KV Pushp Vihar, New Delhi 7 Reference http://www.arts.uottawa.ca/writcent/hypergrammar/adjectve.html

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