Cardiac Arrest

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Slide 1:

CARDIAC ARREST

Slide 2:

Who Am I ?? I am amazing organ. I pump blood through the circulatory system by rhythmic contraction and relaxation. I am made up of cardiac muscles that are involuntary in nature. I am integral part of the body . I am the most reliable and hardworking organ of your body !!

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WHAT IS A CARDIAC ARREST?? Cardiac Arrest is the situation that occurs when the I am unable to pump blood due to my inability to contract effectively. This prevents blood from reaching various parts of the body. Lack of oxygen to the brain causes loss of consciousness. Brain injury is likely if cardiac arrest goes untreated for more than five minutes.

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Isn't Cardiac arrest Heart ATTACK?? A heart attack and sudden cardiac arrest are not the same thing. Sudden cardiac arrest is often confused with a heart attack. Although a prior heart attack increases one's risk for sudden cardiac arrest, the two are quite different, with distinct risk factors, treatment options and outcomes.

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What is the actual difference then?? A circulation problem within me causes a heart attack when one or more of the arteries delivering blood to me are blocked. Oxygen in the blood cannot reach the my muscle, and the they becomes damaged. You can think of a heart attack as my “plumbing problem” .

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Then what is Cardiac arrest ?? In contrast to a heart attack, sudden cardiac arrest is caused by an “electrical problem” in me. It occurs when my lower chambers (ventricles) suddenly develop a rapid, irregular rhythm causing them to quiver rather than contract. The chaotic quivering motion of the ventricles renders me helpless and i can no longer supply the body and brain with oxygen.

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What are the symptoms?? Uncomfortable pressure, fullness, tightness, or pain in the chest Pain, numbness, or other uncomfortable sensations in one or both arms, the back, neck, jaw, or stomach Shortness of breath Sudden nausea or vomiting Lightheadedness Unusual fatigue Heat and flushing or cold sweat Sudden heaviness, weakness, or aching in one or both arms

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What are the causes??!! Coronary heart disease is the leading cause of sudden cardiac arrest. Coronary disease refers to the failure of coronary circulation to supply adequate circulation to cardiac muscle and surrounding tissue. This occurs when the blood carrying arteries are blocked by the deposition of a material called plaque that reduces the cross-sectional surface area. Soon this plaque breaks and the RBC’s and platelets stick to this damaged part thus causing a clot that reduces the flow of blood.

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What are the results?? Sudden cardiac arrest is a medical emergency. If not treated immediately, it causes sudden cardiac death. With fast, appropriate medical care, survival is possible. Patients who have survived a cardiac arrest may be left with a degree of brain injury It also results in a weaker than normal heart that cannot provide the same amounts of oxygen as it did prior to the Cardiac Arrest.

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How can a cardiac arrest be prevented??!! If you have severe coronary heart disease ,you're at increased risk for Cardiac Arrest. This is especially true if you've recently had a heart attack Your doctor may prescribe a type of medicine called a beta blocker to help lower your risk. Other treatments , such as angioplasty or coronary artery bypass grafting, also lower your risk for Cardiac Arrest. Research shows that an Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (ICD)also reduces the chances of dying from a second Cardiac Arrest.

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Some useful tips A healthy diet is an important part of a healthy lifestyle Choose a variety of fruits, vegetables, and grains. Choose foods that are low in saturated fat, trans fat, and cholesterol. Healthy choices include lean meats, poultry without skin, fish, beans, and fat-free or low-fat milk and milk product. Choose and prepare foods with little Salt so as to control your BP.

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Some more useful tips Aim for a healthy weight by staying within your daily calorie needs. Be as physically active as you can. Some people should get medical advice before starting or increasing physical activity Especially those suffering from a chronic (ongoing) health problem, are on medicine, or have symptoms such as chest pain, or dizziness. Quit smoking. Lose weight if you're overweight or obese. Treat other health problems, such as high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol, and diabetes.

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Thank You

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