Category: Education

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DEFINITION Public speaking is the process of speaking to a group of people in a structured, deliberate manner intended to inform, influence, or entertain the listeners. Public speaking is an art of presenting an idea, a product or a service to the crowd or to the public. It requires the speaker to persuade the crowd or at least carefully educate the listeners about the topic discussed.


ELEMENTS In public speaking, there are five basic elements, often expressed as who is saying what to whom using what medium with what effects


NEED Whether we work alone or with large numbers of people, eventually we will need to speak in public to get certain tasks accomplished. And if we want to be leaders or achieve anything meaningful in our lives, we will often need to speak to groups, large and small, to be successful.


PUBLIC SPEAKING STRESS CAUSES: Thinking that public speaking is inherently stressful (it's not). Thinking you need to be brilliant or perfect to succeed (u don't). Trying to impart too much information or cover too many points in a short presentation. Having the wrong purpose in mind (to get rather than to give/contribute). Trying to please everyone (this is unrealistic). Trying to emulate other speakers (very difficult) rather than simply being yourself (very easy). Failing to be personally revealing and humble. Being fearful of potential negative outcomes (they almost never occur and even when they do, you can use them to your advantage). Trying to control the wrong things (e.g., the behavior of your audience). Spending too much time over preparing (instead of developing confidence and trust in your natural ability to succeed). Thinking your audience will be as critical of your performance as you might be.


PRINCIPLES… Know the room: Be familiar with the place in which you will speak. Arrive early, walk around the speaking area and practice using the microphone and any visual aids. Know the audience: Greet some of the audience as they arrive. It's easier to speak to a group of friends than to a group of strangers. Know your material: Practice your speech and revise it if necessary. If you're not familiar with your material or are uncomfortable with it, your nervousness will increase. Relax: Ease tension by doing exercises. Visualize yourself giving your speech: Imagine yourself speaking, your voice loud, clear, and assured. When you visualize yourself as successful, you will be successful.


PRINCIPLES Realize that people want you to succeed: They don't want you to fail. Audiences want you to be interesting, stimulating, informative, and entertaining. Don't apologize: If you mention your nervousness or apologize for any problems you think you have with your speech, you may be calling the audience's attention to something they hadn't noticed. Keep silent. Concentrate on the message -- not the medium: Focus your attention away from your own anxieties, and outwardly toward your message and your audience. Your nervousness will dissipate. Turn nervousness into positive energy: Harness your nervous energy and transform it into vitality and enthusiasm. Gain experience: Experience builds confidence, which is the key to effective speaking.


TYPES… Informative Speeches : The purpose of an informative speech is to teach the audience a small but useful tidbit of information. If your speech is a success, the audience will walk away with some new knowledge. Here are some tips to keep in mind for effective informative speaking: Don't cram too much information into your speech or you'll lose your audience. Keep it simple. Be careful not to include information your audience does not understand. Avoid using terms that all or some of the audience will not recognize. If you do use unfamiliar terms, be sure to define them very clearly. Choose a topic your audience will find interesting and relevant. Make sure your speech is not persuasive. You're trying to teach your audience something, not change their mind.


TYPES… Persuasive Speeches . The purpose is a persuasive speech is to change people's minds or behavior about something. Here are some tips for how to deliver a persuasive speech: Deliver your speech with passion. No one's going to be convinced unless it's clear that you really care. Look for common ground with the people in your audience who disagree with you. Don't choose an impossible task. In your short speech, you won't change anyone's mind. Ask your audience to take a specific action-- and one that they might actually take. Asking people to call their elected officials will not be effective. However, if you ask your audience to recycle their campus newspapers, they just might do that.


TYPES Ceremonial Speeches . A ceremonial speech is one that is given to mark an important occasion in someone's life. Here are some ceremonial speech tips: Tell lots of stories about whomever you're giving the speech about. Stories are what make the person or people you talk about come alive for your audience in the speech, so replace generic adjectives with stories. Tell stories about the people in the audience. This will make them feel included and special. Be original. Be appropriate. Use common sense.


10 KEYS TO REMEMBER #1---Speaking in Public is NOT Inherently Stressful #2---You Don't Have to be Brilliant or Perfect to Succeed #3---All You Need is Two or Three Main Points #4---You also Need a Purpose That is Right for the Task #5---The Best Way to Succeed is NOT to Consider Yourself a Public Speaker! #6---Humility and Humor Can Go a Long Way #7---When You Speak in Public, Nothing "Bad" Can Ever Happen! #8---You Don't Have to Control the Behavior of Your Audience #9---In General, the More You Prepare, the Worse You Will Do #10--Your Audience Truly Wants You to Succeed

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