Job interviewing

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CHAPTER – 5 Job Interviewing:

CHAPTER – 5 Job Interviewing By Mohammed quadir mohiuddin Faculty – dept. business studies Ibri college of technology


Introduction Getting the interview is the first big step, but now that the interviewee is in the room with the interviewer- -what does he/she do? Does he/she just sit there and answer questions like the person is being interrogated ? The most important thing to keep in mind is--it's also the interviewer’s time to impress the interviewee

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At some point in time, everyone must face an interview before getting a job offer. There are many things that one has to remember before he/she can get that job that dream job. Most people assume that the most important part of a job interview is showing up in a well groomed manner, but there is more to it than that It is common knowledge that. it’s generally the smallest detail that causes people to fail a job interview. scoring in the interview is only the first step in the journey that would result in getting that dream job.

Meaning of Interview:

Meaning of Interview An interview is a conversation between two or more people (the interviewer and the interviewee ) where questions are asked by the interviewer to obtain information from the interviewee. It is the purposeful exchange of view, the answering of questions and communication between two or more persons.

What is assessed in an interview?:

What is assessed in an interview? Interview is conducted to assess the interviewee’s Personality, Appearance, speech Mannerism , Gesture, Mental Alertness, Consistency of thought, Positive attitude and Leadership qualities .

Goals of the Interview:

Goals of the Interview Goals of the Candidate /Interviewee : To obtain information about the job and the organization . To determine whether the job is suitable for him/her. To communicate important information about oneself To favorably impress the employer

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Goals of the Interviewer To promote the organization and attract the best possible candidate. To gather information about the candidate. To assess how well the candidate's qualifications match the job requirements. To determine whether the candidate will fit in with the organization and the staff.

Preparation for the Interview:

Preparation for the Interview Before the Interview Self-Assessment This is an important part of getting ready for the interview. Assessing interests, abilities , education , experience, values, and goals is the best way to prepare for the interview Self-assessment is the best way to know one’s own strengths and weaknesses. Most of the difficult interview questions can be answered by self-understanding

Researching the Company:

Researching the Company Employers look for those who show an interest and an understanding of their business. It may assist the candidate to become knowledgeable about the company in which he/she is applying.

Practicing for the Interview:

Practicing for the Interview The age-old adage, "practice makes perfect," applies to interviewing. Practicing helps one to feel more familiar and thus more comfortable and natural with the interview process . It is better to get friends or family to help so as to help out in the preparation.

What to do during an Interview:

What to do during an Interview The candidate walks in the interview room, here are a few things that he/she must keep in mind : Starting it off like a winner . The handshake : Offer the hand, and give a firm handshake, a pleasant smile and a positive and confident attitude. Introduce self with confidence and enthusiasm.

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Posture : It is better to stand and sit erect Avoiding Fidget : There is nothing worse than people playing with their hair , clicking pen tops , tapping feet or unconsciously touching parts of the body. Eye Contact: Looking towards the interviewer in the eye gives a positive image about the candidate . Moving hands : Gesturing or talking with the hands is very natural, but keeping it in moderation is what is important.

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Being comfortable . Taking a seat facing the interviewer is good for making a lasting impact . The applicant should be sure that he/she is in a comfortable position. Listening attentively . Looking at the interviewer directly, but not stare down is what is important ! Sitting up straight, relaxing is important . Avoid nervous mannerisms . It is better to pay attention to nervous mannerisms in order to avoid them. Everyone is nervous to some extent , the key is to appear calm and composed Speaking clearly . Using good grammar and a friendly tone is always better for a smooth interview process. It is advisable to refrain from answering just "yes" or "no" to a question.

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Being positive and enthusiastic . It is important to show ones enthusiasm prior to the interview . Complaining about past employers, jobs, classes etc . should not be done as it creates a negative image about the applicant. Asking pertinent questions . Being prepared to ask a few questions from the interviewer shows the willingness of the candidate. While giving answers to questions : Being Concise : Listening to the questions carefully and answering to the point .

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Providing Examples : Support the applicant’s contentions with examples supports what is being presented . Being Honest: It is always better to state the truth than beating around the bush . If the answer is not known it is better to admit it, rather than fooling around . Keeping Guard Up: Always maintaining professionalism pays for the job applicant . It is ideal not to get swayed away by the friendly behavior of the interviewer and disclose everything .

After the Interview:

After the Interview Saying thanks : Complimenting the interviewer the next day by writing/mailing the interviewer a brief note reiterating the interest in the job creates a positive image . Following up : If the candidate hasn’t heard from the interviewer within the time frame indicated at the close of the interview , it is better to call them to relay a polite reminder that he/she still interested in the job.

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Chin Up . If the candidate doesn’t get the job, he/she should not be disheartened. Gearing up for the next interview enables to look forward. After all the more interviews one tackles the more polished he/she become. The candidate may want to contact the interviewer who rejected him/her and see if he/she can get any pointers on what to improve before the next interview .

Types of Interviews:

Types of Interviews Screening Interview It is used to quickly and efficiently remove candidates, who do not match the requirements Group Interview A group consists of many candidates and one or more interviewers to assess leadership skills and ability to work in groups.

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Stress Interview It is staged to determine how candidate will perform under stress. It may be typified by long periods of silence, challenges to candidate's opinions, or a series of interruptions . One-On-One Interview It is the usual interview procedure. It includes one interviewer and one candidate .

Types of Tests in interviews:

Types of Tests in interviews Personality tests – It helps to measure the personality traits Integrity tests – It is also a type of personality test that rates the candidate’s honesty and reliability . Skills tests – It is a job specific tests that assess the ability to perform a relevant task ( e.g.typing test). Aptitude tests – It measures general intellectual ability and often include comprehension , logic and math items Work samples and simulations – It is an enactment of what one would do in the job .

Interview Kit:

Interview Kit It is ideal to take the following items while going for an interview. The candidate will look professional and the employer will be impressed to see him/her coming prepared. Copies of resume and references. Notebook and pen Letters of recommendation. Copies of transcripts, certificates Questions for the employer - writing down the questions in case the candidate can’t remember them all. Briefcase or professional looking folder

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs):

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) Why should I select you? Use this question to make yourself look good. Provide the interviewer with advantages - proof that you can help them improve efficiency , reduce cost, increase sales or solve problems . Avoid a know-it-all attitude or any personal information.

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Can you tell me a little about yourself? Relate your background to the position being considered. Such a question is a test of your ability to select what is important and communicate it clearly and quickly. Lead to a discussion of your skills, experience and training. I am Ahmed. I am a colorful product of ICT. I always maintained a good academic track record . I am a self-starter. I can prove I am creative and enthusiastic and achieve your goals.

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Why do you want this job? Use this question to explain what you have to offer the business or organization. Don't talk about what you want the company to give you. What kind of training or experience do you have for this job? If you have training or experience, don't be modest! Tell the interviewer that you are eager and willing to learn. Emphasize the transferable and adaptive skills, good at meeting deadlines and working hard.

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What are your strongest skills for this job? The interviewer is giving you a chance to give strong clues about your good worker traits . What areas are you weak in? Prepare an honest, undamaging response followed by a brief positive comment to counter the negative. Did you enjoy school, why? Employer wants to know some adaptive skills - are you easy to get along with, a good worker , competitive, high energy level, etc.

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What do you plan to be doing for work five years from today? Real purpose of this question is to explore your motives for working. Can you be depended upon to stay on this job and work hard at it. What sort of pay do you expect to receive? Research the company so you are aware of salary range. Prepare a salary range and be prepared to support that number. Avoid stating an exact number .

Interview Follow-Up:

Interview Follow-Up After an interview (employment or informational ) try to make a follow-up with a thank you letter. Write a Thank You Letter You should plan to send a thank you letter within 24 hours of your interview. While some professions would expect a mailed hard copy, in the technology industry, emailed thank you letters are considered the norm.

When you write your thank you letters, use these guidelines while writing:

When you write your thank you letters, use these guidelines while writing Express Your Enthusiasm: Convey your interest in and enthusiasm for the company and the position for which you interviewed. Try to be specific about why you are interested and how you are a good fit for the team . Address Unresolved Points: Address any issues or questions that came up during the interview that you feel you did not fully answer. This letter is your last chance to make a positive impression on the interviewer.

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Personalize it: you need to set yourself apart from the other candidates so they will remember you when you leave. In your letter , highlight a key point from your interview that you believe the interviewer will remember Reiterate Your Expertise: If the company communicated its specific needs, issues or challenges , use your thank-you letter to demonstrate how you can meet those needs Highlight Your Successes: Similarly, if the company communicated its ideal qualifications for a candidate, use your thank-you letter to outline how you meet or exceed those qualifications . Proofread, and then proofread again: Make sure your thank you letter conveys a professional image by ensuring it is free of typos and grammatical errors.

Sample Thank You Letter:

Sample Thank You Letter Full Address: Date: Full Address of the Employer/Company: Salutation: (Dear Sir/Madam or Respected Sir/Madam) Thank you for taking the time to discuss the Software Engineer position at XYZ Company , Inc ., with me. After meeting with you and observing the company's operations, I am further convinced that my background and skills coincide well with your needs. I really appreciate that you took so much time to acquaint me with the company. I feel I could learn a great deal from you and would certainly enjoy working with you . In addition to my qualifications and experience, I will bring excellent work habits and judgment to this position. With the countless demands on your time, I am sure that you require people who can be trusted to carry out their responsibilities with minimal supervision . I look forward to hearing from you regarding your hiring decision. Again, thank you for your time and consideration . CLOSING: (Sincerely or yours truly or respectfully yours etc.) Signature (Name)

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