Conservation of Animals And Plants

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Objective : 

Objective To know, learn, understand about the concept Conservation Of Plants & Animals with illustrated examples.

Introduction:- : 

If our earth is seen from space, Earth is a small planet half hidden by the cloud of its thin atmosphere. Less than a third of the surface is dry land. Our planet has a rich variety of life but it is under threat because humans are using up more and more of the Earth’s resources, making more waste and causing more pollution. Introduction:-

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But we can also look after our planet, its wildlife, environments, landscapes and resources in all their variety. Plants and animals are disappearing or becoming endangered species at an alarming rate. Every few years, the International Conservation Union updates a Red List of species that are in danger of dying out.

Examples of Endangered Animals : 

Examples of Endangered Animals Asiatic Lion Flamingo Blue Whale Lion-tailed Macaque Red Panda Tiger

Content :- : 

Content :- What is the Importance of Conservation of Plants and Animals? Many animal species have either become extinct or are on the verge extinction. This is because of continuous and constant exploitation by man. The International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural resources (IUCN) have printed out five main conservation categories of wild animals and plants.

Deforestation And its Effects : 

Deforestation And its Effects Reckless cutting of trees for unnecessary reasons is referred to as deforestation. Trees play a major role in developing good habitats for human and wild life. They regulate an areas precipitation to a great level. Deforestation is having threat against ecosystem and weakening the relation between human, nature and ecosystem.

Deforestation will affect the ecosystem in the following ways: : 

Deforestation will affect the ecosystem in the following ways: ■ Greenhouse gases emission.■ Change of climate all over the globe. ■ Reduction of oxygen levels.■ Increase in Global warming

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■ Reduction of rain water.■ Scarcity of drinking water.■ Deforestation results in soil erosion, reduction of soil quality and flooding. ■ Lands capability to store water is reducing.■ Trees absorb groundwater and leave the same into atmosphere during the process of transplantation.

Conservation of wildlife:- : 

Conservation of wildlife:- The main reason behind a threat to the wildlife and the ecosystem is the constantly growing deforestation, poaching and negligence towards animals and nature.

Desertification:- : 

Desertification:- All over the world, deserts are spreading. Hot deserts and semi-desert regions already occupy one-fifth of the world’s land surface. Some scientists believe that more than 200 square kilometres of land become desert each day.

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The process by which fertile land becomes desert is called desertification. Desertification threatens about one-third of the world’s land surface and affects the lives of about 850 million people.

Conservation Categories Of Wild Animals And Plants : 

Conservation Categories Of Wild Animals And Plants Extinct Species A species is considered extinct when there is no reasonable doubt that its last individual has died, e.g., mountain quail, pink headed duck, one horned rhino and cheetah.

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Endangered Species Species which are in danger of extinction and whose survival is unlikely if the causal factors continue to operate. e.g., Brow antlered deer, hispid hare, Indian rhinoceros, Great Indian bustard, musk deer, blue whale etc.

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Vulnerable Species Such a species contains sufficient number of individuals in its habitat but in the near future, may became an endangered species if unfavorable conditions persist. e.g., crab eating macaque, golden langur, chinkaro deer etc.

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Rare Species Species that are not presently endangered or vulnerable but are at risk e.g., Indian egg eating snake, Indian pied hornbill and golden cat fall in this category.

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Insufficiently Known Species These are species about which there is not enough information.

Protected Areas : 

Protected Areas Biosphere Reserves:- A biosphere reserve is a voluntary, cooperative, conservation reserve created to protect the biological and cultural diversity of a region while promoting sustainable economic development.

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National Parks:- This comprises area which is dedicated for conservation of the environment, natural objects and the wildlife therein. Forestry operations are prohibited and it is open to visitors who are not allowed to disturb or harm the protected plants or animals.

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Sanctuaries:- They are meant to protect and conserve particular species of wildlife. They are not bound by state legislation. Killing, hunting or capturing of any animal species is prohibited. Forestry and other activities such as grazing of domestic animals are permitted as long as these activites do not adversely affect the wild life.

Migration : 

Migration Bird migration is the regular seasonal journey undertaken by many species of birds. Bird movements include those made in response to changes in food availability, habitat or weather.

Red Data Book : 

Red Data Book The IUCN (International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources) maintains an international list, published as the Red Data Book. Red Data Book species are classified into different categories of perceived risk. Each Red Data Book usually deals with a specific group of animals or plants.

Recycling of Paper :- : 

Recycling of Paper :- Paper recycling is the process of recovering waste paper and remaking it into new paper products.Saving Paper is Saving trees!! It takes 17 full grown trees to make one tonne of paper.

Reforestation:- : 

Reforestation:- Reforestation is the restocking of existing forests and woodlands which have been depleted.Reforestation can be used to improve the quality of human life by soaking up pollution and dust from the air, rebuild natural habitats and ecosystems, mitigate global warming since forests facilitate biological processes of atmospheric carbon dioxide, and harvest for resources, particularly timber.

Conclusion:- : 

Conclusion:- Thus, we conclude that the process of Conserving Plants and animals is useful to retain our green wealth for our future generations.

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