Location Based Service


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Location Based Service for the commercial purpose and protection of privacy :

Location Based Service for the commercial purpose and protection of privacy Takato NATSUI Professor at Meiji University, Japan Attorney at Law (Tokyo Bar Association) Copyright © 2002 Takato NATSUI, All rights reserved. 2002 International Conference on Personal Data Protection

Table of Contents:

2 Table of Contents Introduction What is a location based service? Privacy issues relating to the location based service Some analysis of the legal aspects How to resolve these problems Conclusion

What is the location based service?:

3 What is the location based service? Location: “Location” in the context of WL means locating a wireless device. WLIA Privacy Policy Standard (2001) Location based Service: Location-based services and advertising allow consumers to receive services and advertising based on their geographic location. For example, businesses can provide information about traffic, restaurants, retail stores, travel arrangements, or automatic teller machines based on the consumer’s location at a particular moment in time. Such services can be provided in response to a consumer’s manual input of his or her location information into the handset or by using so-called “auto-location” technology to track the location of the consumer automatically. FTC Workshop Report (2002)


4 Example NTT Docomo Posiseek R

Privacy issues relating to the location based service:

5 Privacy issues relating to the location based service Location data of individuals must be considered as a constituent of privacy data, because By data matching of location data with user ID or device ID, the location of a specific person would be specified. The location of a specific person may be regarded as private, except if such data has been opened to the public, it might be not private data. Real time privacy intrusion Inter-accessing by a location based service may cause a real time privacy intrusion Misuse of Collected location data stored in server Misuse of such data would cause serious privacy issues, especially by data matching with other privacy data. And, communication may be intercepted Vulnerability included in such service systems may permit some types of illegal interception of data. Specific location data of specific person may be involved in this communication.

Some analysis of the legal aspects:

6 Some analysis of the legal aspects Possible intrusion or misuse of privacy data relating to the location based service should be rejected or prevented. Technical elements Human elements Social elements A sign of intrusion or misuse may be discovered in SPAM emails or other advertisements Additional service providing that the users don’t know of or agree to Unreasonable exchange or data traffics during any interaction on the location based service Some types of intrusion or misuse would be illegal. Civil damage compensation Criminal penalties Administrative sanctions

How to resolve these problems:

7 How to resolve these problems Privacy issues or disputes would be unavoidable in this area. Their resolution Legal method – adequate and effective legislation and its enforcement with reasonable dispute resolution measures Technological method – better technology for privacy protection or removal of unnecessary privacy collection functions Self regulation method – better guidelines or relevant parties agreeing on a common privacy goal on the basis of the international privacy protection standards Education


8 Conclusion Location data of individuals must be considered as a constituent of privacy data. It is therefore important that the following policies be established. Unnecessary inter-accessing by a location-based service should be prohibited or limited by law. Unnecessary collection of privacy data should be restricted by law. Serious misuse of collected privacy data should be punishable by law. Vulnerabilities inherent in a location-based system should be repaired or removed. Clear and effective guidelines for privacy protection should be developed and operated. A Good education on privacy protection should be given to not only school students but also to IT corporations. Most importantly, we have to try to find and establish a better balance between privacy protection and information technology development.


9 Reference Wireless Location Technology: The Ultimate Challenge to Privacy By Evan Hendricks (Founding Member, US Privacy Coalition) Before the XXIII International Conference Of Data Protection Commissioners http://www.paris-conference-2001.org/eng/contribution/hendricks_contrib.pdf Public Workshop: The Mobile Wireless Web, Data Services and Beyond: Emerging Technologies and Consumer Issues Federal Trade Commission (February 2002) http://www.ftc.gov/bcp/reports/wirelesssummary.pdf FCC order In the Matter of Request by Cellular Telecommunications and Internet Association to Commence Rulemaking to Establish Fair Location nformation Practices http://hraunfoss.fcc.gov/edocs_public/attachmatch/FCC-02-208A1.txt CITA: Petition of the Cellular Telecommunications Industry Association for a Rulemaking to Establish Fair Location Information Practices http://www.cdt.org/privacy/issues/location/001122ctia.pdf Comments of the Center for Democracy and Technology By James X. Dempsey, Deirdre Mulligan http://www.cdt.org/privacy/issues/location/010406fcc.shtml

Slide 10:

10 WLIA Privacy Policy Standard http://www.wliaonline.com/indstandard/privacy.html Location-based services vs. your privacy By Joanie Wexler http://www.nwfusion.com/newsletters/wireless/2002/01418495.html Should Mobile Safety Trump Privacy? By Dan McDonough, Jr. http://www.wirelessnewsfactor.com/perl/story/18555.html ExperTeam AG entwickelt "Location Based Service" Navigation nicht nur im Auto Das Telefon-Navigations-Center "TelNav" soll 2003 in Betrieb gehen http://www.experteam.de/startd/presse/Presseinformationen/TelNav.html Wireless Privacy Issues Now Before the FCC By Peter M. Connolly http://www.privacyassociation.org/docs/1-03Connolly.pdf FCC Ruling May Leave Cell Phone Users Exposed By Stephen Chiger http://www.pcworld.com/news/article/0,aid,103304,00.asp