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Leadership Pradip Singh Assistant Professor SAMS Varanasi

Slide 2:

“The ability of influencing people to strive willingly for mutual objectives” - Terry “Leadership is interpersonal influence exercised in a situation and directed through communication process , towards the attainment of specified goal or goals.” - Tannenbaum “ Leadership is the process of influencing and supporting others to work enthusiastically toward achieving objectives .” - Barnard Keys

Slide 3:

Leadership is a continuous process of behaviour; it is not one shot activity. Leadership may be seen in terms of relationship between a leader and his followers which arises out of their functioning for common goals. By exercising his Leadership, the leader tries to influence the behavior of individuals or group of individuals around him to achieve common goals. The followers work willingly and enthusiastically to achieve those goals.


Features- Influence Process The Followers Reciprocal Relationship Common Goal Situation Bound Power Based Satisfaction of Members Scope of Leadership

Factors Leadership Management:

Factors Leadership Management Source of Power Personal abilities Focus Vision & Purpose Approach Transformational Process Inspiration Emphasis Collectivity Futurity Proactive Type Formal & Informal Authority delegated Operating Results Transactional Control Individualism Reactive Formal

Importance of Leadership:

Importance of Leadership Guiding and inspiring subordinates Securing cooperation of the members Creating confidence among employees Creative conducive work environment Implementing change Maintaining discipline among members Representing the members

A Leadership Story::

A Leadership Story: A group of workers and their leaders are set a task of clearing a road through a dense jungle on a remote island to get to the coast where an estuary provides a perfect site for a port. The leaders organise the labour into efficient units and monitor the distribution and use of capital assets – progress is excellent. The leaders continue to monitor and evaluate progress, making adjustments along the way to ensure the progress is maintained and efficiency increased wherever possible. Then, one day amidst all the hustle and bustle and activity, one person climbs up a nearby tree. The person surveys the scene from the top of the tree.

A Leadership Story::

A Leadership Story: And shouts down to the assembled group below… “Wrong Way!” (Story adapted from Stephen Covey (2004) “The Seven Habits of Highly Effective People” Simon & Schuster). “Management is doing things right, leadership is doing the right things” (Warren Bennis and Peter Drucker)



Types of Leadership Style:

Types of Leadership Style

Types of Leadership Style:

Types of Leadership Style Autocratic: Leader makes decisions without reference to anyone else High degree of dependency on the leader Can create de-motivation and alienation of staff May be valuable in some types of business where decisions need to be made quickly and decisively

Types of Leadership Style:

Types of Leadership Style Democratic: Encourages decision making from different perspectives – leadership may be emphasised throughout the organisation Consultative: process of consultation before decisions are taken Persuasive: Leader takes decision and seeks to persuade others that the decision is correct

Types of Leadership Style:

Types of Leadership Style Democratic: May help motivation and involvement Workers feel ownership of the firm and its ideas Improves the sharing of ideas and experiences within the business Can delay decision making

Types of Leadership Style:

Types of Leadership Style Laissez-Faire: ‘Let it be’ – the leadership responsibilities are shared by all Can be very useful in businesses where creative ideas are important Can be highly motivational, as people have control over their working life Can make coordination and decision making time-consuming and lacking in overall direction Relies on good team work Relies on good interpersonal relations

Types of Leadership Style:

Types of Leadership Style Paternalistic: Leader acts as a ‘father figure’ Paternalistic leader makes decision but may consult Believes in the need to support staff

Factors Affecting Style:

Factors Affecting Style

Factors Affecting Style:

Factors Affecting Style Leadership style may be dependent on various factors: Risk - decision making and change initiatives based on degree of risk involved Type of business – creative business or supply driven? How important change is – change for change’s sake? Organisational culture – may be long embedded and difficult to change Nature of the task – needing cooperation? Direction? Structure?

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