2014islamppt2

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What is Islam and how is it related to Judaism and Christianity?:

What is Islam and how is it related to Judaism and Christianity? Islam = “peace,” “submission to Allah” Muslim = “submitter to the will of Allah” Allah = Arabic word for God Abraham ,the founder of Judaism, had two sons: Isaac  the Hebrew , linked to Judaism & Christianity Ishmael  the Arab, linked to Islam

What is Islam and how is it related to Judaism and Christianity?:

What is Islam and how is it related to Judaism and Christianity? Islam respects the two earlier Abrahamic (monotheistic) religions . Followers of Judaism and Christianity are called “Peoples of the Book” because the Koran has portions of the sacred texts of Judaism and Christianity.

Who was Muhammad:

Who was Muhammad Born in 570 CE , died in 632 CE Prophet/founder of Islam ; human, not divine (NOT a god) Lived in Arabia, near Mecca Orphaned by age 6, raised by grandfather and uncle Worked as a caravan driver for a woman – Khadija – 15 years older than Muhammad Mohammad and the founding of Islam

Who was Muhammad:

Who was Muhammad At age 25: accepted an offer to marry Khadija Had six children, only one daughter – Fatimah who had children of her own , = blood relatives of the prophet Age 40 in 610 CE the Revelations begin and continued throughout the remainder of the Prophet’s life

What is the Qur’an?:

What is the Qur’an? Holy book of Islam Revealed to Muhammad by God through the angel Gabriel Written piecemeal by scribes during or shortly after Muhammad’s life Compiled as a whole about 20 years after Muhammad’s death

What is the Qur’an?:

What is the Qur’an? Comprised of 114 chapters (called surahs ) Other Sources of teachings: Hadith and Sunnah (stories, sayings, and traditions of Muhammad) Qur’an + Hadith and Sunnah = The Shariah ,- the code of Islamic Law

Who are Muslims?:

Who are Muslims? There are more than one billion Muslims in the world today There are two major groups : Sunni : 80% in many locations throughout the world Shi’ite : 15%, mostly in Iran Difference is political , basic beliefs and practices are the same ( hit the link to access the differences)

Who are Muslims?:

Who are Muslims? Sufis are Muslim mystics, they come from both Sunni and Shi’ite backgrounds Most Muslims are not Arab and not all Arabs are Muslim (stats)

What do Muslims Believe?:

What do Muslims Believe? One God (Allah) Beliefs in spiritual beings: Angels, the Devil and Jinn or genies Prophets & Messengers: Adam, Abraham, Moses, David, Jesus, Muhammad…

What do Muslims Believe?:

What do Muslims Believe? Holy Books: Torah, Psalms, Gospels, Qur’an Decrements (destiny) – Inshallah (“if God wills it”) End of Times ( Resurrection, Judgment day, Heaven & Hell)

How is Islam Practiced? The Five Pillars:

How is Islam Practiced? The Five Pillars Shahada – Declaration of faith: “There is no God but The God (Allah) and Muhammad is the Prophet of God Salat – Prayer, five times every day Zakat – alms giving to the poor and needy

How is Islam Practiced? The Five Pillars:

How is Islam Practiced? The Five Pillars Sawm – fasting, sun-up to sun-down during the holy month of Ramadan Hajj – Pilgrimage to Mecca (at least once in a Muslim’s life, if able)

What is the Kaaba?:

What is the Kaaba? From the time of Abraham and before the rise of Islam, pilgrims from all over the Arabian Peninsula would come and visit the Kaaba in the city of Mecca. Over time, the Kaaba housed around 360 idols. After the Prophet Muhammad recaptured Mecca in 630 C.E., he rededicated the Kaaba to the worship of one god, Allah. The Kaaba

What is the Kaaba?:

What is the Kaaba? Scholars estimate that the Kaaba has been   reconstructed between 5-12 times because of damage done to the structure through warfare and natural disasters, like flooding; however, each time, it was rebuilt on the foundations set by Abraham and Ishmael.

What is the Kaaba?:

What is the Kaaba? Muslims do not worship the Kaaba itself. Rather, it acts as an important unifying point for believers around the world. It is in Mecca at the Kaaba that Muslims feel the connection of heaven and earth. It is for this reason that the Kaaba is considered to be the holiest site in Islam.

What is the Ka’aba?:

What is the Ka’aba? Center of Islam to this day – place of annual pilgrimage and direction of prayer for Muslims from all corners of the globe

Other Sacred Places:

The Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem Other Sacred Places The Great Mosque in Mecca The Prophet’s Mosque in Medina

What is a Mosque?:

What is a Mosque? A place for prayer, study, socializing No shoes in prayer hall Women cover their head, pray separate from men Wudu room for ritual cleansing before prayer Minaret for call to prayer ( Adhaan)

What is a Mosque?:

What is a Mosque? Prayer hall oriented toward Mecca ,the sacred city where Islam was founded by Muhammad Imam (prayer leader)

The Development of Islam:

The Development of Islam Muhammad was persecuted by the people of Mecca In 622 Muhammad was forced to leave Mecca. This is called the Hijrah - migration to the city of Medina ,known as the “City of the Prophet” marking the year 1 in the Islamic calendar (1 AH) Success in Medina, and defense against Meccan attacks led to the reclaiming of Mecca and the Kabah in 630

The Development of Islam:

The Development of Islam In 632: The first Muslim pilgrimage (hajj) to Mecca, led by Muhammad ,who died a few months later, united the Arab tribes under the banner of Islam Within 100 years Islam spread east toward India and west into north Africa and Spain

Islam as a Way of Life:

Islam as a Way of Life Shariah (Islamic Law) Based on Qur’an + Hadith and Sunnah not just for the individual but for the society

Islam as a Way of Life:

Islam as a Way of Life Concerned with preserving human dignity through five principles: preservation of life preservation of progeny (family) preservation of intellect (education) preservation of wealth (property) preservation of religion

Prohibitions:

Prohibitions Halal means what is permissible: defining acceptable foods and behaviors Haram means prohibited : defining what are not acceptable foods or behaviors No eating of pork No gambling No intoxicants

Prohibitions:

Prohibitions No Riba or usury (charging or paying interest on loans) (the rich shall not profit from helping the poor)

What about Jihad?:

What about Jihad? Jihad defined is “Struggle” NOT “Holy War” It is an inner spiritual and moral struggle between good and evil It is an outer struggle to maintain proper social behaviors according to God’s will

What about Jihad?:

What about Jihad? There are also political struggles in the Holy Land Palestinian vs. Israeli, not Muslim vs. Jew The conflict is political, not religious

What about Women in Islam?:

What about Women in Islam? Respected and Protected by Men “Modest dress” for both men and women “Hijab” head covering differs from culture to culture Heavy cover and veil not a religious requirement

Rights of Women:

Rights of Women Right to vote (citizenship) Right to inherit money and property Right to work, earn and keep her own money Right to keep her own name in marriage

Rights of Women:

Rights of Women Right to initiate divorce Right to refuse additional wives Female infanticide outlawed (killing of female babies)

PowerPoint Presentation:

The spread of Islam by 750 CE

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