2012RomanArtsAndEngineeringpower point

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Achievements of Rome Roman Architecture, Engineering and Art 1

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Roman Architecture 2

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Model of Rome 3

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Characteristics During the Republic – Temple Architecture was produced *blended Etruscan & Greek features. *emphasis on the front of the building or the “facade”. *example: Temple of Fortuna Virilis . 4

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Temple of “ Fortuna Virilis ” 5

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Characteristics Development of concrete *created a revolution in architectural design. *create larger, heavier buildings. * example: - The Sanctuary of Fortuna Palestrina . 6

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Sanctuary of Fortuna Palestrina 7

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Model of Roman Forum 8

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Characteristics Use of the arch and vault Examples of uses- *Coliseum *Race Track – Circus Maximus *Public Baths *Amphitheaters 9

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Arch of Constantine 10

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Barrel or “Tunnel” Vault *Windows can be placed at any point. *These vaults require buttressing (support) to counter-act the downward thrust of weight. 11

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Groin Vault *Also called a cross vault. *Needs less buttressing. 12

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Early Roman Amphitheater Seats about 20,000 13

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Theater of Marcellus 14

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Roman Coliseum 15

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Roman Coliseum 16 The Coliseum is probably the most impressive building of the Roman empire. Emperors used the Coliseum to entertain the public with free games. Those games were a symbol of prestige and power and they were a way for an emperor to increase his popularity and distract the Roman people from the troubles faced in the later years of the empire. Bread was often provided to the spectators also thus the phrase “Bread and Circuses”.

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Interior of the Coliseum Arena is Latin for the sand, coating the floor that soaks up the blood of the combatants. 17

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Circus Maximus 300,000 seat capacity! 18 The Circus Maximus was a place for chariot races in Ancient Rome.The shape of the circus was like an oval with a flattened end which was well-suited for the races.

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Roman Baths 19 After a morning's work at the office or shop, most Roman's enjoyed spending the afternoon at the public bath. Men and women enjoyed coming to the baths not only to get clean but to meet with friends, exercise, or read at the library.

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Characteristics DOME: *Basilicas-large roofed hall originally built for legal and business purposes - Large and relatively open space. - examples: ► Pantheon ► early Christian churches 20

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Cylindrical Dome *With the dome, the Romans could surpass earlier cultures by their ability to enclose large spaces. *Light enters through the oculus on top. 21

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The Pantheon :One of Rome’s most famous structures 22

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The Pantheon 23

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Pantheon’s Dome 24

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The Pantheon Interior 25

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The Pantheon Interior Painting by Giovanni Paolo Pannini 26

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Roman Engineering 27

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Innovative Engineering Techniques Roads – Appian Way Aqueducts Arch Bridge 28

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Via Appia All roads lead to Rome! 29 The Appian Way was the most important ancient Roman road. It connected Rome to southern Italy.

Roman Roads:

Roman Roads The engineers of ancient Rome built an unparalleled network of roads in the ancient world. Approximately 50,000 miles (80,000 km) of roads spanned the Roman Empire, spreading its legions, culture and immense influence throughout the known world. The old saying "all roads lead to Rome", couldn't have been truer. Rome was the hub of trade , politics, culture and military powers in the Mediterranean, and the achievement of the road network all led directly to the city and back out to her many territories. 30

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Roman Aqueducts 31 As Roman towns got bigger it got too hard for the people who lived in the towns to get drinking and washing water. Rome decided to build long stone channels to carry clean water from nearby hills to the towns. The channels are called aqueducts.

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Roman Sculpture 32

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Characteristics of Roman Sculpture Collectors and copiers of Greek works [more idealistic]. Categories: Portrait sculpture Statues Paintings & mosaics Relief sculptures More realism [show the wrinkles, the bulges, and ageing!] 32

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Roman Copy of Greek Art 34 Roman, Augustus of Primaporta , early 1st century CE The god Jupiter

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Republican Couple Realistic portraits – like Hellenistic Greek style. 35

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Portraits of Emperors Julius Caesar Nero Hadrian Marcus Aurelius 36

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Mosaics on a Roman Villa Floor Mosaic: Pictures and designs created with tiles 37

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Base Relief Legionnaires on Trajan’s Column Base relief=stone sculpture 38

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Roman Frescoes 39

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Roman Villa 40

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House in Herculaneum 41

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Frescoes on a Villa’s Walls 42

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Roman Crafts 43

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Roman Crafts 1c BCE glass bowl Ivory Cameo Gold earrings 44

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Greek and Roman art and architecture are all around us 45

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Jefferson Memorial 46

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Lincoln Memorial 47

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The US Capitol Building 48

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Statue of Justice US Supreme Court Building 49

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Federal Court Building in NYC 50

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