Presentation for LEA & LEB Meeting_Comilla

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WELCOME:

WELCOME

:

BANDHU SOCIAL WELFARE SOCIETY Supporting Sexual Health and Wellbeing of Males Meeting LEA & LEB Organized By: Bandhu Social Welfare Society (BSWS) Comilla Field Office 29 March, 2010 Addressing the Impact of Socio-Cultural and Economic Impediments of MSM in Bangladesh

Why we are here today?:

Why we are here today? Know BSWS Share some Legal & Human Rights Issues To share about Human Rights and Legal Status of some Socially excluded males Share and sensitize the Role of LEA & LEB. BANDHU SOCIAL WELFARE SOCIETY Supporting Sexual Health and Wellbeing of Males

Facts of BSWS…:

Facts of BSWS… Non-Governmental Community Based Organization Formed in 1996 Registered under Social Welfare Department and NGO Affairs Bureau of Government of Bangladesh in 1997 BANDHU SOCIAL WELFARE SOCIETY Supporting Sexual Health and Wellbeing of Males

Geographical Coverage…:

Geographical Coverage… Dhaka : HO, 3 FOs (Mirpur, Paltan & Sardarghat) Chittagong : FCO, FO & FO (Hijra) FO: Comilla, Mymenshing, Rajbari, Sylhet, Narayangonj, Khulna, Jessore & Cox’s Bazar BANDHU SOCIAL WELFARE SOCIETY Supporting Sexual Health and Wellbeing of Males

COMILLA FIELD OFFICE:

COMILLA FIELD OFFICE ONGOING PROJECT HIVOS – Sexual Health Support Manusher Jonno Foundation (MJF) – Human Rights & Livelihood BANDHU SOCIAL WELFARE SOCIETY Supporting Sexual Health and Wellbeing of Males

COMILLA FIELD OFFICE continues….:

COMILLA FIELD OFFICE continues…. 7 Cruising Spots: Comilla Park – Town Hall Rajgonj Bazar Chalk Bazar Tikkar Chor Railway Station Shashongasa Tomsom Bridge - EPZ BANDHU SOCIAL WELFARE SOCIETY Supporting Sexual Health and Wellbeing of Males

Key Working Area of BSWS…:

Key Working Area of BSWS… Community Strengthening and Mobilizing to more effectively engage in governance, policy and service delivery Safe Space to Socialize & Educate Outreach & Networking Health & Rights Education Capacity Building Policy & Advocacy Development Knowledge Generation BANDHU SOCIAL WELFARE SOCIETY Supporting Sexual Health and Wellbeing of Males

Key Working Area of BSWS…:

Key Working Area of BSWS… 2. Social Welfare & Support Service Drop-in services Psychosexual & Psychosocial Counseling Livelihood Programme BANDHU SOCIAL WELFARE SOCIETY Supporting Sexual Health and Wellbeing of Males

Key Working Area of BSWS…:

Key Working Area of BSWS… 3. Health Services STI & other general & sexual health treatment HIV Voluntary testing Care & support services BANDHU SOCIAL WELFARE SOCIETY Supporting Sexual Health and Wellbeing of Males

Advocacy Initiatives:

Advocacy Initiatives National Level Work with District Level Lawyers Group and intended formation of Central Committee of DLLG Working with media both print and Electronic Formation of Journalist Forum Formation of National Task Force on HIV and Human Rights of MSM & TG Round Table meeting with different pressure groups Meeting with LEA & LEB Regional Development Regional Network (SAMAN) Part of APCOM International Level Working with UNDP to develop Gender Guideline

BSWS Community…:

BSWS Community… MSM (in particular Kothi) Hijra/TG Partners of Kothi & Hijra BANDHU SOCIAL WELFARE SOCIETY Supporting Sexual Health and Wellbeing of Males

STATUS OF MSM:

STATUS OF MSM MSM in Bangladesh facing Socio-Cultural and Economic Impediments Not excepted by Family Less education Poverty Social Exclusion Discrimination & Criminalization Deprivation Stigmatization Hard to find other source of income Hidden Harassment Violence BANDHU SOCIAL WELFARE SOCIETY Supporting Sexual Health and Wellbeing of Males

PowerPoint Presentation:

BANDHU SOCIAL WELFARE SOCIETY Supporting Sexual Health and Wellbeing of Males

High risk people in Bangladesh are bellow ::

High risk people in Bangladesh are bellow : BANDHU SOCIAL WELFARE SOCIETY Supporting Sexual Health and Wellbeing of Males Group Estimated Population Brothel Based Sex worker 3600-4000 Street Based Sex Worker 37,000-66,000 Hotel & Residence Sex Worker 14,000-20,000 IDUs 20,000-40,000 MSM and MSW 40,000-1,50,000 Hijras 10,000-15,000 (Source: NASP, 2007)

STATUS OF MSM CONTINUES…:

STATUS OF MSM CONTINUES… BANDHU SOCIAL WELFARE SOCIETY Supporting Sexual Health and Wellbeing of Males Do you think to be beside them to save them ? ALL THIS VIOLATING THE RIGHTS OF A HUMAN BEING AS MENTIONED IN NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL DOCUMENTS LEADING THE COMMUNITY TO THE RISK OF HIV / AIDS MORE AND MORE

Key obstacles to work with MSM & MSW:

Key obstacles to work with MSM & MSW Political & Religious morality prevents public discussions Ambiguity in the strategic plan hinders strong support Stigmatization & Criminalization Difficulty in reaching MSM for research or interventions Policy and strategic silence Inadequate resource mobilizations Poor coordination among the donors, policy makers, researchers & NGO professionals BANDHU SOCIAL WELFARE SOCIETY Supporting Sexual Health and Wellbeing of Males

PowerPoint Presentation:

Institutional Human Rights Advocacy Framework DUTY BEARER GoB, NGOs, Private Sectors Demands Accountability Transparency Parliament Supreme court Election committee GUARDIAN INSTITUTIONS Claims Compliancy Improve Capacities to Deliver Deliver Claims Right Holders MSM & TG Improve Capability to Claim Rights Civil Societies + NGOS DEFENDERS

PowerPoint Presentation:

Policy International Treaty Recognition Obligation National Rights Declaration Convention Covenant Constitution Law Practice Enjoyment

National Level:

National Level Constitution Law

THE CONSTITUTION OF THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF BANGLADESH :

THE CONSTITUTION OF THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF BANGLADESH Art – 14: Emancipation of peasants and workers It shall be a fundamental responsibility of the State to emancipate the toiling masses the peasants and workers and backward sections of the people from all forms of exploitation.

THE CONSTITUTION OF THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF BANGLADESH :

THE CONSTITUTION OF THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF BANGLADESH Fundamental Rights: Laws inconsistent with fundamental rights to be void (Art – 26) Equality before law (Art – 27) Discrimination on grounds of religion, etc (Art – 28) Equality of opportunity in public employment (Art - 29) Right to protection of law (Art - 31) Protection of right to life and personal liberty (Art - 32) Safeguards as to arrest and detention (Art - 33) Prohibition of forced labor (Art - 34) Freedom of movement (Art - 36) Freedom of assembly (Art - 37) Freedom of thought and conscience, and of speech (Art - 39) Freedom of profession or occupation (Art - 40)

The laws those unwillingly used on MSM and TG:

The laws those unwillingly used on MSM and TG Section 377 of Penal Code Unnatural Sex : Whoever voluntarily has carnal intercourse against the order of nature with any man, woman or animal, shall be punished with [imprisonment] for life, or with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to ten years, and shall also be liable to fine. Explanation- Penetration is sufficient to constitute the carnal intercourse necessary to the offence described in this section.

PowerPoint Presentation:

The Suppression of Immoral Traffic Act, 1933 Section 3(4) "Prostitution" means promiscuous sexual inter course for hire, whether in money or kind Section 7 Soliciting for purposes of prostitution

THE DHAKA METROPOLITAN POLICE ORDINANCE, 1976 :

THE DHAKA METROPOLITAN POLICE ORDINANCE, 1976 Penalty for willful trespass (Section-84) Whoever without satisfactory excuse willfully enters or remains in or upon any dwelling-house or premises or any land or ground attached thereto, or any ground, building, monument or structure belonging to Government or appropriated to public purposes, or any boat, vessel or vehicle, shall, whether he causes any damage or not, be punishable with fine which may extend to one hundred taka.

THE DHAKA METROPOLITAN POLICE ORDINANCE, 1976:

THE DHAKA METROPOLITAN POLICE ORDINANCE, 1976 Penalty for being found under suspicious circumstances between sunset and sunrise (Section-86) Whoever is found between sunset and sunrise— (a) armed without any satisfactory excuse with any dangerous instruments; or (b) having without any satisfactory excuse his face covered or otherwise disguised; or (c) in any dwelling house or other building, or on board any vessel or boat or in any vehicle without being able satisfactorily to account for his presence there; or (d) lying or loitering in any street, yard or other place without being able to give a satisfactory account of himself; or (e) having in his possession without satisfactory excuse any implement of house-breaking; shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to one year, or with fine which may extend to two thousand taka, or with both.

International Level:

International Level Declaration Convention Treaty Covenant

PowerPoint Presentation:

International Covenant on Economic, Social & Cultural Rights (ICESCR) Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) Core Human Rights Documents International Covenant on Civil & Political Rights (ICCPR) Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (CERD) Convention Against Torture (CAT) Convention on Migrant Workers & their Families (MWC) Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance

“...recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world” — Preamble to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948:

“ ...recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world ” — Preamble to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948

“...achieve international co-operation in solving international problems of an economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian character, and in promoting and encouraging respect for human rights and for fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, gender, language, or religion.” Article 1-3 of the United Nations Charter:

“ ...achieve international co-operation in solving international problems of an economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian character, and in promoting and encouraging respect for human rights and for fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, gender, language, or religion. ” Article 1-3 of the United Nations Charter

Characteristics of Human Rights:

Characteristics of Human Rights guaranteed by international standards; are legally protected; focus on the dignity of the human being; oblige states and state actors; cannot be waived or taken away; are interdependent and interrelated; and are universal. Source: The United Nations system and human rights: guidelines and information for the Resident Coordinator System, March 2000

Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948, Ratify by Bangladesh on 1972:

Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948, Ratify by Bangladesh on 1972 Aby‡”Q` -12 : e¨vw³MZ †MvcbxqZvi AwaKvi Aby‡”Q` -19: gZ cÖKv‡ki AwaKvi Aby‡”Q` -23 : (1) cÖ‡Z¨‡KiB KvR Kivi, Aev‡a PvKzix wbe©vP‡bi, Kv‡Ri Rb¨ b¨vh¨ I AbyK~j Ae¯’v jv‡fi Ges ‡eKviZ¡ †_‡K iw¶Z nevi AwaKvi i‡q‡Q| 23 (3) cÖ‡Z¨K Kg©xi Zvi wb‡Ri I cwiev‡ii gvbweK gh©v`v i¶vi wbðqZv w`‡Z m¶g Ggb b¨vh¨ I AbyKzj cvwikªwgK Ges cÖ‡qvRb‡ev‡a †mB m‡½ mvgvwRK msi¶‡Yi Rb¨ e¨e¯’vw` jv‡fi AwaKvi i‡q‡Q|

A_©‰bwZK ,mvgvwRK I mvs¯‹…wZK AwaKvi msµvš— Avš—R©vwZK Pzw³ (ICESCR) 1966 :

A_©‰bwZK ,mvgvwRK I mvs¯‹…wZK AwaKvi msµvš— Avš—R©vwZK Pzw³ (ICESCR) 1966 Aby‡”Q`-8(3)(K) t eZ©gvb Pzw³i ivóª c¶¸‡jv K‡g©i AwaKvi ¯^xKvi K‡i| GB ¯^xK…wZi Aš—f©y³ _vK‡e ¯^vaxbfv‡e cÖ‡Z¨‡Ki KvR cQ›` ev MÖnY Kivi AwaKvi hvi gva¨‡g †m Zvi RxweKv AR©‡bi my‡hvM jvf Ki‡Z cv‡i| ivóª c¶ mg~n GB AwaKvi i¶‡Yi Rb¨ h‡_vchy³ c`‡¶c MÖnY Ki‡e| Ratify by Bangladesh on 1998

bvMwiK I ivR‰bwZK AwaKvi msµvš— Avš—R©vwZK Pzw³ 1966 (ICCPR) Ratify by Bangladesh on 1998 :

bvMwiK I ivR‰bwZK AwaKvi msµvš— Avš—R©vwZK Pzw³ 1966 (ICCPR) Ratify by Bangladesh on 1998 Aby‡”Q`-6 (1) t Kv‡iv KvQ †_‡K Rei`w¯—g~jK A_ev eva¨Zvg~jK kªg Av`vq Kiv hv‡e bv| Dc‡iv³ AvBb Avš—R©vwZK mb`/ Pzw³ QvovI 1989 mv‡j International Committee for Prostitutes Rights (ICPR) ‡h World Charter For Prostitutes' Rights, MÖnY K‡i Zv‡Z ejv n‡q‡Q, ÔcwZZve„wˇK Aciva wn‡m‡e MY¨ Kiv hv‡e bv Ges h_vh_ e¨emv bxwZgvjv ˆZix K‡i Z…Zxq c¶mg~n‡K wbqš¿Y Ki‡Z n‡eÕ|

WHO CAN HELP US :

WHO CAN HELP US ?

It’s a responsibility of ::

It’s a responsibility of : Government Journalists/Media Law Enforcement Agency (Patrol police) Local Elected Bodies NGOs Civil society Individuals Institutions Donors It’s everybody’s responsibility!!

PowerPoint Presentation:

Universal Access & Human Rights

PowerPoint Presentation:

Thank You

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