25th APRIL - Gustavo 9� A Comenius

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How we celebrate…The 25th of April : 

How we celebrate…The 25th of April Emanuel, nº 8 Gustavo, nº 11 Josué, nº 15

Introduction : 

Introduction This work was done within the English subject. We chose this subject because the 25th of April is an emblematic date of Portugal that marks the end of a 48 years dictatorship.

Before the 25th of April : 

Before the 25th of April In the sequence of the military blow of 28th of May of 1926, it was implemented in Portugal a military dictatorship, which would end in the presidential election of Óscar Carmona, in 1928. In the presidential mandate of Carmona, which was designated as 'National Dictatorship', the Constitution of 1933 was prepared, setting up a new authoritarian regime of fascist inspiration, called “New State” and Oliveira Salazar started controlling the country through the unique party designated 'National Union’, he stayed in power up to 1968. Then, he was substituted by Marcelo Caetano who directed the country up to the 25th April, 1974. Fig.1 Salazar Fig.2 Marcelo Caetano

Slide 4: 

The New State had a political police force, called PIDE (International Police Office for the Defence of the State), which persecuted the opponents of the regime. During this time, the regime maintained a politics of industrial conditioning that was turning into a monopoly of the Portuguese market in a part of some industrial and financial groups. A country of poor people which remained like that till the decade of 1960, which stimulated the emigration. It was noticed, nevertheless, an economical development from this decade on. Fig.3 PIDE

Revolution : 

Revolution On the day of the 24th April of 1974, a group of soldiers (MFA), Movement of the Armed Forces, commanded by Otelo Saraiva de Carvalho installed secretly the command post of the revolutionary movement in a head quarter, in Lisbon. There was the April’s revolution headquarters, in Lisbon downtown, at Carmo military headquarter. Fig.4 Symbol of MFA

Carnation’s Revolution : 

Carnation’s Revolution The red carnation became the symbol of the Revolution of April 1974. At dawn, people began to gather in the streets, supporting the soldiers in revolt. Someone began to distribute red carnations among the soldiers, who quickly placed them in the pipes of the rifles. This way the carnation became the symbol of Portuguese freedom, the symbol of the Revolution, where there was no bloodshed, just the power of the flower. Fig.5 Carnation

After the 25th of April : 

After the 25th of April 35 years have gone by and it is still remembered by many Portuguese. The 25th of April marks a great development of Portugal in the economical and social sense. At present, the 25th April is a national holiday.

Conclusion : 

Conclusion I think this work was very fruitful, for several reasons. One of them was that we remembered our history. We believe that it was very good doing this work in a group of three. We believe this work was a good initiative that should be repeated more often. Our History should never be forgotten! Our Future depends on our Past.

Bibliography : 

Bibliography http://www.wikipedia.com http://www.info-regenten.de/regent/regent-d/pictures/portugal-salazar.jpg http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_BCV7wkc5sBg/R-d5I4gnQ7I/AAAAAAAAB9I/rk05J8lyajI/s400/marcelo1.jpg http://www.anjosdovento.etc.br/images/Bras%C3%B5es_Div/MC_MFA.gif http://artesletras.files.wordpress.com/2009/04/25-abril-cravo-1a.jpg

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