CBT

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PARI DAUD :

PARI DAUD CBT

COGNITIVE BEHAVIOR THERAPY :

COGNITIVE BEHAVIOR THERAPY HISTORY THERAPIST APPROACH INTERVENTIONS AUTOMATIC THOUGHTS SCHEMA CHARACTERISTS ASSIMILATION AND ACCOMMODATION TECHNIQUES OF CBT

HISTORY:

HISTORY Epictetus, Greek philosopher. Observed that people are not disturbed by things that happen but by the view they take of things that happen. Albert Ellis's, originated in the early 1950s rational therapy, one of the first forms of CBT. Aaron T. Beck, inspired by Albert Ellis, developed CT in the 1960s. Beck conducting free association with patients he noted that patients had not been reporting certain thoughts which often intense emotional reactions This realization led Beck to begin viewing emotional reactions as resulting from cognitions

THERAPIST APPROACH :

THERAPIST APPROACH Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is a combination of two therapy techniques: cognitive and behavioral. Therapists that subscribe to this approach apply theories of social learning (children learn by observing and imitating), and those of behavior modeling and reinforcement. CBT look at personalities as forming from these experiences in childhood and adolescence.

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How Does Childhood Impact Adult Personalities? receives unhealthy responses, may learn poor coping skills COGNITIVE INTERVENTION Cognitive therapy refers to an approach that focuses on a person's cognitions: their thoughts, assumptions, and beliefs. therapy approach, a person learns to recognize and change maladaptive thought patterns The focus to identifying, challenging, and reshaping them.

BEHAVIORAL INTERVENTION :

BEHAVIORAL INTERVENTION Behavioral therapy focuses on changing a person's unhealthy and problematic behaviors, actions, and responses Replace behavior with a healthier more effective behavior. AUTOMATIC THOUGHTS Thoughts that occur automatically in response to a given situation. Cognitive and cognitive-behavioral therapies work to change negative automatic thoughts into more rational responses.

SCHEMA :

SCHEMA A schema describes any of several concepts including An organized pattern of thought or behavior. A mental structure that represents some aspect of the world. A specific knowledge structure or cognitive representation of the self. A mental framework centering on a specific theme, that helps us to organize social information. A schema for oneself is called a " self schema ". Schemata for other people are called " person schemata ". Schemata for roles or occupations are called " role schemata ", and schemata for events or situations are called " event schemata"

COGNITIVE-BEHAVIORAL THERAPY CHARACTERISTS:

COGNITIVE-BEHAVIORAL THERAPY CHARACTERISTS Thoughts cause Feelings and Behaviors Brief and Time-Limited . Average # of sessions = 16 Emphasis placed on current behavior. CBT is a collaborative effort between the therapist and the client Client role - define goals, express concerns, learn & implement learning. Therapist role - help client define goals, listen, teach, encourage

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Teaches the benefit of remaining calm or at least neutral when faced with difficult situations. (If you are upset by your problems, you now have 2 problems: 1) the problem, and 2) your upsetness 6. Based on "rational thought." - Fact not assumptions. 7. CBT is structured and directive. Based on notion that maladaptive behaviors are the result of skill deficits. 8. Based on assumption that most emotional and behavioral reactions are learned.  Therefore, the goal of therapy is to help clients unlearn their unwanted reactions and to learn a new way of reacting. 9. Homework is a central feature of CBT.

ASSIMILATION AND ACCOMMODATION:

ASSIMILATION AND ACCOMMODATION Piaget how humans perceive and adapt to new information. It is the process of taking one’s environment and new information and fitting it into pre-existing cognitive schemas. Assimilation occurs when humans are faced with new information and refer to previously learned information in order to make sense of it. Accommodation, process of taking one's environment and new information, and altering one's pre-existing schemas in order to fit in the new information.

TECHNIQUES OF CBT:

TECHNIQUES OF CBT Cognitive Rehearsal Validity Testing Writing of Diary Modeling Homework Aversive conditioning Systematic Positive Reinforcement

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