Color Theory - Color wheel

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Color Theory The Color Wheel Characteristics of Color Basic Color Schemes Mood

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The Color Wheel Primary Colors Secondary Colors Tertiary Colors

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Primary Colors The primary colors are Blue Yellow and Red. The Primary Colors are the root of every other color imaginable. The Primary Colors are the only colors that can’t be created by mixing any other colors together.

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Secondary Colors When you combine any two primary colors together you get new mixtures called Secondary Colors. Yellow + Red Orange Red + Blue Purple Blue + Yellow Green

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Tertiary Colors When you mix a Primary Color and its nearest Secondary Color you create a Tertiary Color. Yellow + Orange YELLOW-ORANGE Red + Orange RED-ORANGE Red + Violet RED-VIOLET Blue + Violet BLUE-VIOLET Blue + Green BLUE-GREEN Yellow + Green YELLOW-GREEN

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What makes up color

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Characteristics of Color Hue Value Saturation

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Hue Hue refers to the main differences between colors. When you are talking about hue you are talking about the simple name of the color. Examples of different hues are Red Blue Yellow Green Purple Orange. When you are naming a color you usually call it by the name of its hue.

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Value Value refers to how light or dark a color is. For example the image to the right shows the different values of orange and green. The colors would be considered darker in value towards the bottom and lighter in value towards the top. When a color gets lighter it is called a tint. When a color gets darker it is called a shade.

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SATURATION Saturation refers to how intense a color is. A bright neon color is highly saturated. A duller color that is closer to grey is lower in saturation. The image below shows the color blue in highest saturation towards the left and lowest saturation towards the right. The higher saturated color is more full of color and as the color decreases in saturation it has more grey added to it.

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What is a color scheme

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Basic Color Schemes Complementary Analogous Warm/Cool

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Complementary Color Scheme Colors that are opposite each other on the color wheel are considered to be complementary colors. The high contrast of complementary colors creates a vibrant look especially when used at full saturation. This is a good color scheme to use to make things pop out.

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Complementary Color Scheme Which two colors are being used in this color scheme What does the use of the complementary colors do to the lemon

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Analogous Color Scheme Analogous colour schemes use colours that are next to each other on the color wheel. They usually match well and create serene and comfortable designs. Analogous colour schemes are often found in nature and are harmonious and pleasing to the eye.

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Analogous Color Scheme Which colors are being used for this color scheme How do these colors make the painting feel

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Warm and Cool Color Schemes Warm and cool color schemes use a variety of colors that are of similar temperature. If you limit yourself to just choosing colors that are warm the color scheme would be considered warm same with cool colors. Sometimes an artist will use a primary warm or cool color scheme and also include small amounts of the opposite colors to create interesting contrast.

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Warm and Cool Color Schemes Which painting uses cooler colors Which painting uses warmer colors How do the color choices affect the mood

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Why are color schemes important

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Color Schemes Set Mood Different color schemes create different moods. If you want an image to feel happy you would use brighter more saturated colors that are warmer. If you want to make evoke sadness in an image you would use duller cooler colors that are darker and closer to grey.

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What is the mood What type of color scheme is being used in this painting How do these colors add to the mood of the painting What additional information does the colors give you about what is happening in the scene

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What is the mood What kind of colors are being used in this painting How do these colors add to the mood of the painting What additional information does the colors give you about what is happening in the scene